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Louis H. Sullivan

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Louis H. Sullivan

father of modernism

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Louis H. Sullivan

"Form Follows Function"

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Louis H. Sullivan

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Louis H. Sullivan

National Farmers' Bank

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5

Louis H. Sullivan

Palazzo Style, International Style, Art Nouveau, Sullivanesque Style Style (tripartite design)

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Louis H. Sullivan

The Auditorium Building of Roosevelt University; The Auditorium Theatre

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Louis H. Sullivan

Wainwright Building

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Louis H. Sullivan

Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building; The Sullivan Center

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Louis H. Sullivan

Prudential (Guaranty) Building

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10

Daniel Burnham

He was instrumental in the development of the skyscrapers and his ideas of space planning

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Daniel Burnham

designs were referred to as neoclassical, implying that they were influenced by ancient Greek and Roman architecture

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Daniel Burnham

Flatiron Building, New York

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Daniel Burnham

Union Station, Pittsburgh [1903]

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Daniel Burnham

Chicago Union Station, Chicago [1925]

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15

Adolf Loos

One of the key figures in modern architecture and design's early history

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Adolf Loos

was opposed to the Art Nouveau and Beaux-Arts historicism

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Adolf Loos

Raumplan - ("plan of volumes") - a system of contiguous, merging spaces. A physical manifestation of his theories

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Adolf Loos

Villa Karma

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Adolf Loos

Steiner House

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Adolf Loos

Goldman and Salatsch Building

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Adolf Loos

Villa Muller

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Adolf Loos

recognized as a Master Architecture

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23

Peter Behrens

Pioneered German Modernist Architecture; Pioneer in the field of Industrial Design

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Peter Behrens

Developed a more austere and modern style of architecture

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Peter Behrens

The use of practicality and optimization developed from industrial design

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Peter Behrens

AEG Turbine Factory (Berlin, Germany)

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Peter Behrens

Hoechst Administration Building (Frankfurt, Germany)

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Peter Behrens

German Embassy in St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg)

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Peter Behrens

Linz Tobacco Factory (Linz, Austria)

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Peter Behrens

left his legacy as the pioneer German modernist architecture and pioneer in industrial design

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Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

"less is more" where he would call his designs on steel-and-glass skyscrapers, horizontally oriented houses and pavilions as "skins and bones architecture"

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Le Corbusier

"Architecture is stifled by custom"; "House is a machine for living"

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Le Corbusier

Functionalism with distinct abstract expressionism.

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Le Corbusier

Five Points of Architecture in Modern Style Architecture. o The Pilotis o Free Floor Plans o The Free Facades o The Horizontal Windows o The Roof Gardens

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Le Corbusier

Villa Savoye, 1931

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Le Corbusier

Unité d'habitation, 1952

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Le Corbusier

Palace of Justice, 1952

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Le Corbusier

Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1955

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Le Corbusier

National Museum of Western Art, 1957

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CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH

it shows emphasis on texture and lighting instead of ornamentations

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CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH

Glasgow style

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Glasgow style

its elements are related to Art Nouveau which includes floral and geometric motifs, influenced by elements of nature.

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Glasgow style

Glasgow School of Art (1899-1909)

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Glasgow style

Hill House (1904)

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Antoni Gaudi

"originality consists of going back to the origin."

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Antoni Gaudi

use of complex geometrical forms like hyperbolic paraboloids, hyperboloids, and helicoids

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Antoni Gaudi

La Sagrada Familia

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Antoni Gaudi

Casa Vicens (1878-1880)

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Antoni Gaudi

Palau Güell (1886-1888)

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Antoni Gaudi

Casa Batllo

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51

Victor Horta

his work is complex and circular, with spiral stairs and steel and glass ceilings being employed to infuse movement and light into buildings.

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Victor Horta

He creates bright structures with glass walls adorned with plant patterns; he combines ironwork composed of scrolls and arabesques with facades and balconies, and he works with marble and other types of wood

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Victor Horta

Hôtel Tassel, Brussels - earliset art nouveau design

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Victor Horta

Maison du Peuple, Brussels

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Victor Horta

Horta House and Studio

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Adolf Georg Gropius

produced a paper on "The Development of Industrial Buildings"

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Adolf Georg Gropius

Bauhaus Movement

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Adolf Georg Gropius

Fagus Factory (1910) Alfeld an der Leine

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Adolf Georg Gropius

Sommerfeld House (1921) Dahlem, Berlin, Germany

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Adolf Georg Gropius

.Bauhaus (1925) Dessau, Germany

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Jorn Oberg Utzon

Architecture is not an external form but a frame that encloses a collection of ritualized events

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Jorn Oberg Utzon

Sydney Opera House

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Jorn Oberg Utzon

Bagsværd Church

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Jorn Oberg Utzon

Kuwait National Assembly Building

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Louis Kahn

"Architecture is the thoughtful making of spaces. It is the creating of spaces that evoke a feeling of appropriate use."

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Louis Kahn

known for his monumental and brutalist style

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Louis Kahn

Yale University Art Gallery New Haven, Connecticut

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Louis Kahn

Phillips Exeter Academy Library and Dining Hall, Exeter, New Hampshire

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Louis Kahn

Kimbell Art Museum Fort Worth, Texas

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Philip Cortelyou Johnson

"Architecture exists in time" - walking through and experiencing the building/spatial relationships over time

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Philip Cortelyou Johnson

Specialized on Modern, defined Postmodernism, and promoted the International style along the way

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Philip Cortelyou Johnson

Glass House (1949)

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Philip Cortelyou Johnson

550 Madison Avenue

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Philip Cortelyou Johnson

Crystal Cathedral

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Philosophy: Organic Architecture

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Frank Lloyd Wright

specialized in the "Prairie Style

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Imperial Hotel, Tokyo

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Fallingwater, Pennsylvania

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Frank Lloyd Wright

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

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Eero Saarinen

"The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man's life on earth and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence."

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Eero Saarinen

Miller House and Garden, Columbus, Indiana

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Eero Saarinen

Milwaukee County War Memorial Center, 1957, Milwaukee

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Eero Saarinen

TWA Flight Center, 1962, New York

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Pier Luigi Nervi

"Architecture is a synthesis of technology and art."

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Pier Luigi Nervi

"Concrete is a living creature which can adapt itself to any form, any need, any stress

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Pier Luigi Nervi

STADIO ARTEMIO FRANCHI, FLORENCE

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Pier Luigi Nervi

THE PIRELLI TOWER, MILAN Also known as "II Pirellone"

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Pier Luigi Nervi

ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL, SAN FRANCISCO

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Robert Venturi

"Less is a bore"

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Robert Venturi

Influenced the architecture of Pop Art

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Robert Venturi

Describes combining divergent values as 'both-and' as opposed to the 'either-or' of modernism.

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Robert Venturi

Vanna Venturi House (1964)- first postmodern structure

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Robert Venturi

Guild House (1964)

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Robert Venturi

Fire Station #4

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Sir Norman Foster

• "that the best architecture comes from a synthesis of all the elements that separately comprise a building: the structure that holds it up; the services that allow it to work; the ecology of the building—whether it is naturally ventilated, whether you can open the windows, the quality of light; the materials used, their mass or their lightness; the character of the spaces; the symbolism of the form; the relationship of the building to the skyline or the streetscape; and the way in which the building signals its presence in the city or the countryside. I think that holds true whether you are creating a landmark or deferring to a historic setting. Successful architecture addresses all these things and many more."

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Sir Norman Foster

High-Tech architecture incorporating Sustainable Design

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Sir Norman Foster

Willis Faber & Dumas Headquarters

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Sir Norman Foster

Sainsbury Center for Visual Arts

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Sir Norman Foster

Millau Viaduct

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Sir Norman Foster

30 St. Mary Axe

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