Religion II Q4 EXAM

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Sanctification, Deliverance, Blessing, Consummation

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Sanctification, Deliverance, Blessing, Consummation

What are the 4 passover cups in order?

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Bitter herbs that symbolize their bitter captivity in Egypt

What was eaten after the sanctification cup (1st cup) of the Passover meal and what did it symbolize?

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3

A blessing

What was said before the first cup of the Passover meal?

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4

Someone would read the Passover story from Exodus and they would sing the "little hallel"

What would occur during the drinking of the cup of deliverance (2nd cup)?

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Lamb and unleavened bread

What was the main meal at the Passover?

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6

The main meal was eaten

What happened before the blessing cup (3rd cup) of the Passover meal?

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When the cup of consummation was drunk

When did the Passover meal come to its climax?

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8

The great hallel

What was sung before the cup of consummation (4th cup)?

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The cup of consummation

What important part of the Passover celebration did Jesus leave out at the Last Supper?

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10

The cup of consummation because the meal is not complete without it

What is the most important cup of the Passover meal and why?

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11

That Jesus would have to die in order to ratify the covenant with his own blood. This was referring to the covenant between God and Israel

What would the apostles have understood when Jesus said "Blood of the Covenant"?

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12

Isaiah

Who prophesied that the messiah would make a new covenant?

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13

The 3rd cup (blessing)

During which cup did Jesus institute the Eucharist?

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14

To join his covenant

What is Jesus asking both the apostles and us to do by telling them to "take and eat" and "take and drink"?

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15

That he will drink the 4th cup when the new covenant is ratified

What does Jesus mean by he wont drink the 4th cup until he "drinks it new"?

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16

Garden of Gethsemane

Where did Jesus go with the Apostles after the Last Supper?

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Judas, he was already going to betray Jesus

Which apostle did not go with Jesus to the garden of Gethsemane and why?

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18

Gethsemane

Meaning "olive press"

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19

Mount of olives

Where did Jesus go off to pray once he was at the the garden of Gethsemane?

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20

Peter, James, and John

Which 3 apostles did Jesus ask to come watch and pray with him?

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21

The devil

What is Jesus asking the apostles to watch for while he is praying?

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22

Jesus prayed that he would not have to drink the "cup". This is referring to the cup of consummation that he would still have to drink in order to complete the Passover. He drinks this cup on the cross when someone gives him a sponge filled with sour wine on a branch of hyssop and then says "It is consummated" (finished) signifying that he has drunk the final cup.

What is the significance of the cup that Jesus mentions in the garden?

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23

Jesus being "pressed" by the weight of the world

What does Gethsemane meaning "olive press" symbolize?

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24

Asleep

Jesus finds Peter, James, and John ____________ in the garden.

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25

The garden of Eden, Jesus is the new Adam, Adam brought sin into the world and Jesus removes it

What is the garden of Gethsemane parallel to and how is this also parallel to Jesus and his purpose?

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26

Judas kisses Jesus (kiss of betrayal)

What does Judas do after he betrays Jesus that is ironic?

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27

Blasphemy because he claimed to be the son of God

What did Caiaphas try to condemn Jesus for and why?

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28

Treason because Jesus claimed to be the king of the Jews

What did Pilate condemn Jesus for and why?

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29

"The hour has come"

What does Jesus tell the apostles when he wakes them up the 3rd time?

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30

Because Jesus has never been violent

Why is it ironic that the soldiers came to arrest Jesus with swords and clubs in the darkness?

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31

Because they were afraid of his power and truth

Why did the soldiers come to arrest Jesus with swords and weapons?

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32

That he went peacefully

What does saying Jesus went "like a lamb to the slaughter" mean?

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33

Peter

Who wanted to fight the soldiers that came to take Jesus and cut one of their ears off?

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34

Healed it

What did Jesus do with the soldier's ear that Peter cut off?

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35

Annas

Father in law of Caiaphas

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36

Because many Jews believed him to be the rightful high priest

Why was Jesus taken to Annas first?

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37

By the way he talks

How do the 3 people recognize Peter as one of Jesus' followers?

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38

While around a charcoal fire outside Annas' house, Peter denies Jesus 3 times before the rooster crows. After Jesus resurrects, Peter was fishing and sees Jesus standing on the shore of the beach by a charcoal fire. He swims to him and begs for forgiveness. Jesus asks him 3 times "do you love me" to which Peter responds yes. This is the penance for his sin

What is the significance of the charcoal fire?

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39

Telling Jesus that he loves him 3 times

What is Peter's penance for his sin of denying Jesus?

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40

So that when the rooster crows each morning, Peter will be reminded of his sin and to not commit it again

Why does Jesus use the rooster crowing when telling Peter of his denial?

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41

He "wept bitterly"

How does Peter react when he hears the rooster crow and realizes what he has done?

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42

Herod

King of Galilee

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43

Treason

What did the crowd threaten to accuse Pilate of if he didn't have Jesus killed?

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44

Because many riots had been breaking out and Caesar told him that the next riot would cost him his own head

Why was Pilate feeling political pressure from Caesar?

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45

Because they had no authority to carry out a death sentence

Why did the Pharisees send Jesus to Pilate?

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46

Because he is not a Jew

Why does Pilate not care about blasphemy?

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47

That Jesus is innocent

What does Pilate's wife have a dream about?

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48

He allows the crowd to choose between Jesus and Barabbas, a murderous criminal. He says one will be set free and one will be crucified. The crowd chose Jesus saying "Hail, king of the Jews" and "Crucify him"

What does Pilate do in an attempt to save Jesus from crucifixion?

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49

The robe was something that Kings would have worn, since Jesus called himself "king of the jews", they were mocking him

What is the significance of Herod dressing Jesus in a purple robe?

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50

Compare: Both Peter and Judas betrayed Jesus and felt guilty for their sins.

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51

Contrast: Peter apologizes to Jesus and asks for forgiveness. He allows the only true judge, God, to judge him and give him a penance. Judas gives himself his own penance instead of allowing God to judge. He "repents" but doesn't ask for forgiveness. He then falls into despair and hangs himself

Compare and contrast Peter and Judas

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52

"What is truth"

What significant question does Pilate ask Jesus?

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53

John the Baptist

Who did Herod kill?

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54

He refuses to speak

What does Jesus do when he is with Herod?

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55

Forbidding people to pay taxes to Rome

What crime was Jesus accused of that he did not commit?

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56

He told the people to give back to Caesar what is his and to give back to God what is his (meaning yes, pay taxes)

What does Jesus respond when asked whether the people should pay taxes to Rome or not?

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57

Simone of Cyrene

The man who helped Jesus carry the cross

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58

Because there was a law that said any Roman soldier could force a native of the area to carry his baggage for up to a mile

Why did Simone have to help Jesus carry the cross?

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59

Not to mourn for him but for what's to come; the literal destruction of the temple

What does Jesus tell the weeping women and what is he referring to?

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60

The importance of suffering

What does Jesus refusing the painkiller teach us?

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61

"Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews"

What does INRI mean?

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62

Because his tunic was very expensive and normally worn by high priests

Why do the soldiers gamble for Jesus' clothes among themselves?

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63

John

Who does Jesus assign to care for Mary?

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64

He defends Jesus and asks for mercy when he enters his kingdom

What does the good theif do while next to Jesus on the cross?

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65

Because a woman in that time with no husband or son would have no way to support herself

Why does Jesus have to ask John to take care of Mary?

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66

Us

Who is Jesus symbolically giving Mary to when he gives her to John?

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67

Because it was extremely hard for Jesus to speak

Why is every word that Jesus said on the cross important?

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68

This is the title of psalm 22 (back then the first line of the psalm is the title) and Jesus is telling us to look at it. This psalm gives a perfect description of Jesus' suffering

Why does Jesus say "My God, my God why hast thou forsaken me"?

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69

Psalm 22

What Psalm begins with "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

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70

Hyssop branch

type of branch that is used for the sprinkling of the blood of the Passover lamb

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71

On the cross right before he dies

When does Jesus drink the cup of consummation?

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72

Because it shows that Jesus was in complete control of his fate the whole time

Why is "and He bowed His head and gave up His spirit" significant?

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73

Temple curtain

Physically separated the people from the dwelling place of God

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74

The temple curtain tore in half

What occurred when Jesus died?

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75

The opening of the gates of heaven

What is the tearing of the temple curtain parallel to?

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76

Because they had to bury the criminals before the sabbath, so they wanted to accelerate their asphyxiation (death by strangulation)

Why did the Romans break the alive criminals legs?

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77

Because he was already dead

Why did the Romans stab Jesus' side instead of breaking his legs?

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78

Because it was said that the "lamb would not have any broken bones"

Why is it significant that Jesus' legs were not broken?

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79

Sheol

The realm of the dead

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80

To proclaim the good news

Why does Jesus go to Sheol after his crucifixion?

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81

1.)Sings the great hallel at the last supper 2.)Garden of Gethsemane 3.)Annas 4.)Caiphus 5.)Pilate 6.)Herod 7.)Pilate 8.)scourging 9.)crucifixion

What is the order of events of the passion?

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82

Because Herod is not interested in the truth

Why does Jesus speak to Pilate and not Herod?

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83

Because tearing robes was against the law of Moses, so as he is condemning Jesus for breaking the law, he is breaking the law

What is ironic about Caiaphas tearing his robes as a gesture of protest against Jesus?

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84

myrrh mixed with wine

What painkiller was Jesus offered?

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85

When people leave mass right after communion, this is because Judas left the Last Supper right after the bread with broken.

What is the "Judas Shuffle" and why?

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86

for theirs is the kingdom of heaven

Blessed are the poor in spirit....

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87

for they will be comforted

Blessed are they who mourn...

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88

for they will inherit the land

Blessed are the meek...

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89

they will be satisfied

Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness...

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90

for they shall be shown mercy

Blessed are the merciful...

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91

for they shall see God

Blessed are the pure of heart...

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for they shall be called children of God

Blessed are the peacemakers...

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93

for theirs is the kingdom of heaven

Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness...

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94

tent making

What was St. Paul's Trade?

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95

gentiles

Who was Paul's main audience?

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96

we can never earn justification through the Law, because the law is God's promises

What did St. Paul mean by justification apart from works of the law?

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97

God is perfect/perfect justice demands that the penalty for sin be paid

Why did Jesus die for our sins?

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98

Cornelius

Who was the Proselyte told in a vision by God to send for Peter to settle the circumcision debate?

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99

pedagogue

another word for custodian

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100

Moses's Law: like the son, even though we feel oppressed by Moses' law, we are still children of God and heirs to his kingdom

What did St. Paul use the pedagogue as an analogy for?

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