Religion: First Quarter

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255 Terms

1

Religare

to bring together

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2

Religere

to rehearse painstakingly

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3

Monotheism

Belief in 1 God

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4

Explain unanswerable questions and Explain the Existence of the Universe

Substantive Definition

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5

Unified system of beliefs that connects human

Functional Definition

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6

Omniscient

all-knowing

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7

Omnipotent

all-powerful

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8

Omnibenevolent

all-loving

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9

Omnipresent

always present

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10

Omnitemporal

existing at all times

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11

Belief in Supernatural Powers

1st Element of Religion where it states that religion has a belief in the impossible and rare phenomenons

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12

Belief in Holy and Sacred Text

2nd Element of Religion where it states that religion has literatures or scriptures that they deem important

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13

System of Rituals

3rd Element of Religion where it states that religion has sacred traditions that are performed in show of respect or other reasons

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14

Material Expression

4th Element of Religion where it states that expression is important, especially in show of respect and decency

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15

Characteristic Emotional Expression

5th Element of Religion where it states that religion has connected people through emotions

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16

Place of Worship

6th Element of Religion where it states that religion has a setting where they do religion things

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17

Sinful Acts/Ethics

7th Element of Religion where it states that religion follows a moral compass

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18

The Method of Salvation

8th Element of Religion where it states that religion has a "final destination"

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19

Symbols

9th Element of Religion which states that religion uses signs and other drawn characters to represent

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20

Religious Organization

10th Element of Religion which states that religion has an hierarchy or a social structure

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21

Central Stories/Myths

11th Element of Religion that states that religion has a tale that surrounds their belief

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22

Theology

An academic or intellectual approach to religion through evidence

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23

Spirituality

A personal approach to religion through your own experience

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24

Philosophy of Religion

A logical approach to religion through a scientific approach rather than through dogma. Study of religion, existence of God, and relationship between religion and other value systems like science and ethics

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25

Theism

Belief in the existence of one or more god

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26

Monotheism

Belief in one god

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27

Exclusive Monotheism

Belief in one god and others are different or fake

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28

Inclusive Monotheism

Belief in one god, other gods are the same god but with different names

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29

Substance Monotheism

Multiple deity but one god

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30

Pantheism

Belief that god is the entirety of the universe

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31

Panentheism

Belief that the universe as a whole is a part of god

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32

Deism

Belief in one god but does not intervene

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33

Pandeism

Belief that god used to be greater than us but became equal

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34

Panendeism

Belief that god is greater but does not intervene

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35

Polydeism

Belief in multiple gods but they don't intervene

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36

Misotheism

Belief in one god but is evil

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37

Dystheism

Belief in one or more god but is not wholly good

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38

Eutheism

Belief that god exists and is pure good

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39

Ditheism or Duotheism

Two equally powerful gods, often same but are in opposition

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40

Gnosticism

Belief that the god we worship is an evil imposter and the true god is beyond us

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41

Gnosis

This word means known

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42

Animism

Belief that souls inhabit all or most obects

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43

Polytheism

Belief in multiple god

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44

Henotheism

Under Polytheism, worshipper of one god, but open to others

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45

Monolatrism

Under Polytheism, worshipper of one, but acknowledge others

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46

Kathenotheism

Under Polytheism, worship of Gods one at a time

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47

Atheism or Nontheism

Belief in no god

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48

Agnosticism

God is unknown and unknowable

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49

Humanism

A belief that emphasizes faith and optimism in human potential and creativity, rather than a higher power

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50

Pope, Cardinals, Arch Bishop

Top 3 Christian Organization

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51

Bishop, Priest, Deacons, Laity

Bottom 4 Christian Organization

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52

Abram

Abraham's name before

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53

Terach

Father of Abraham, who's an idol merchant and got his faith questioned by Abraham.

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54

Abraham

Founder of Judaism

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55

Sarai

Sarah's original name

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56

Isaac

Son of Abraham and Sarah

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57

Yitzchak

Isaac's name

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58

Isaac

Ancestor of Jewish people

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59

Isaac

His name means laughter

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60

Original Covenant

An agreement made between God and Abraham during 1900 BCE, made him leave and travel to Canaan (once Palestine and Israel) which is a land which God promised to give to Abraham's descendants.

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61

Second Covenant

An agreement made 450 years later, Moses led the Jews out of slavery in Egypt back to Canaan.

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62

Mt. Horeb/Sinai

Mountain where god gave the Jewish people the 10 commandments and other rules (Torah - first 5 books fo the Bible). Marking the beginning of Judaism as a structured religion.

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63

Saul

Israel's first king

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64

David

The second king of Israel, a "man after God's own heart." God made a new covenant with all the nations through him.

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65

Solomon

The son of David who inherited his kingdom and the Davidic promise. He led Israel to its greatest glory and was famous for his wisdom.

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66

First Great Temple of Jerusalem

This was built by King Solomon. Solomon, according to the Torah, told God, "Thus all the peoples of the earth will know your name." Today the site of the Temple is the holiest place in the world to Jews.

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67

586 BCE

Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and First Temple -- Jews captive to Babylon

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68

Second Temple

The Temple in Jerusalem that was built following the destruction of Solomon's Temple by the Babylonians; destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E.

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69

100 CE

This is the year where canon of the hebrew bible was fixed.

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70

Between 200 and 700 CE

Range of year where scholars complied the Mishna

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71

Mishna

Definite code of the Jewish law

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72

Tamud

An early interpretation of the Old Testament

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73

Tamud and Mishna

The basis of the religious worship that was practiced around the world (Jewish Diaspora)

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74

Holocaust/ Creation of Israel

The two defining modern events for the Jewish Community

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75

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler. 6 million Jews were killed by the Nazis.

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76

1939-1945

Time range of Holocaust

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77

1948

Birth of Israel

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78

Tanakh

An acronym for three divisions of the Hebrew Bible: Torah, Nevi'im, and Ketukim

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79

Torah

First five books of the Hebrew Bible: Genesis, Exodus. Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

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80

Pentateuch

A Greek word meaning "five books," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.

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81

Nevi'im and Ketuvim

Books of history, prophecy, poetry, other sacred writings

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82

Talmud

Compromised of rabbinical commentary and interpretation of the Torah. Also called as "Oral Torah".

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83

Oral Torah

Talmud second name.

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84

Judaism

Oldest monotheistic religion

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85

Transcendent, Omnipotent, Just, and Reveal himself to human beings

Jews believes God to have these qualities.

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86

JHWH or Yahweh

Hebrew word for Judaism's one true god.

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87

Jews

Who were the only people who accepted the Torah when God offered it?

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88

Judaism

A faith of action. Focusing on life here, rather than the afterlife.

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89

Judaism

A religion that has no instinctive evilness, original sins, or fundamental impurity.

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90

Noah

Who was given the seven commandments?

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91

Moses

Who was given the ten commandments?

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92

Halakah

Jewish law; the path that one walks.

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93

Hei-Lamed-Kaf

Hebrew root that derived to Halakah, also means to go, to walk, or to travel.

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94

613 Mitzvot

List of rules the Jewish people have to follow

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95

248

How many positive mitzvot are there?

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96

365

How many negative mitzvot are there?

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97

Magen David

Symbol of Judaism said to represent the Shield or Star of King David. ✡️

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98

Kohanim, Levites, and Israel

Three types of Jews.

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99

Chai

This symbol refer to the Living God; reflects Judaism's focus on the importance of life.

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100

Hamesh Hand

Symbol that represents the protection against the evil eye

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