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when we talk about violence today what comes to mind

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1

when we talk about violence today what comes to mind

violence, behavior involving physical force intended to injure harm or kill someone as well as aggression, hostile or violent behavior or attitude toward another, is spreading like a disease

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2

Pinker told the stories in the hebrew bible becasue

they offer a window into the lives and values of old civilizations

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3

dead sea scrolls

hebrew bible, life and faith in ancient times, now in philly

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4

otzi the ice man and kennewick are examples of

victims of violence

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5

pinker uses the word a foreign country to refer to?

the past 8000 BCE- 1970s

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6

UCR?

started by fbi, 1929, shows offenses known to police- rape, homicide, robbery, aggravated assault

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7

FBI crimes reported- homicide

5 murders per 100,000

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8

FBI crimes reported- rapes

25 rapes per 100,000

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9

FBI reported crimes- robbery

109 per 100,000

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10

FBI crimes reported- aggravated assault

229 per 100,000

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11

Problems with police data

not reported more than 50 percent, bias/error in reports, misconduct, racial profiling, not all police departments submit and definition of crimes

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12

National Crime Victim Survey

report unreported crimes, violent victimizations, sexual assault, robbery aggravated assault

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13

NCVS reports

16.4 per 1,000

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14

college students have ____ victimization rates than nonstudents

lower

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15

Pros of victim surveys

long data series, 1973, same definitions of crimes across, uncovering crimes not reported, information on victims

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16

cons of victim surveys

difficulties in conducting surveys but NCVS has a high response rate, bias in reporting

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17

3 main sources of crime data

police, offender self report, victim surveys

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18

types of violence not well measured

terrorism and racial ethnic violence

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19

how to reduce crime- pinker

examine the declines from the past in order to identify hypothesized reasons for those declines

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20

annual rate of murders in UK

1-2

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21

annual rate of murders in US

5-10

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22

there was a homicide ___ rate in 90s

drop

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23

why do some cities have higher rates of homicides

poverty, social disorganization, straing, crime opportunity, population structure, urbanism

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24

what is lynching

person was killed illegally by a group of 3 plus under pretext of prejudices, race, tradition

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25

which of the following is not necessary component needed for examining crime trend

modern statistical software

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26

Pinkers trends

prehistoric , pacification process, civilizing process, humanitarian process, long peace

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27

the levianthan

disinterested 3rd party has monopoly on violence (law)

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28

Gentle Commerce

positive sum trade, incentives

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29

feminization

more female decision makers, margery thatch, women less violent

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30

expanding circle

empathy- seeing things from another perspective and criminology- interpersonal contract theory effective

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31

social control theory

people commit crimes because of ties between family friends bonds lack

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32

social learning theory

people commit crimes because those around them are

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33

when it comes to violence the US is not a country its ____ countries

3

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34

the a-hole study was conducted in?

michigan

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35

in the us, the annual homicide rate got stuck in the

5-15 per 100,000

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36

the herding hypothesis is often used to explain violence associated with

south culture of honors

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37

why is south more violent

culture of honor, legacy of slavery, poverty/inequality, temperature

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38

Pinker's argument on race

related, but not a race issue

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39

richard Nisbett and Dov Cohen argued

honor culture increase southern crime

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40

Moralistic

west, collective actions, common good

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41

indivudalistic

easat, marketplace, individual interest

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42

traditional

south, status quo, government by elites

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43

empirical tests show southern culture of honor but

there is patchy evidence

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44

According to Pinker, the economy is a good predictor that explains the drop in the 1990s

false, inequality

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45

Researchers use Gini index to measure

income inequality

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46

what caused crime in the 1980s

rise in urban minority, crack epidemic, youth violence

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47

cause of crime drop in 1990s

no unified theory, popular one is tough on crime and better policing

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48

reasons for crime drop dismissed by 1990s Pinker

aging, economy and mood

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49

Civilizing offensive

attempts of certain people to influence and change the behavior and attitudes of others through ideological means (NORBERT)

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50

Cesare Beccaria

believed that punishment should fit the crime, in speedy and public trials, and that capital punishment should be done away with completely

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51

Condition of civilization- NORBERT ELIAS

state formation, government control and upper class influence lower

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52

Why is the age of reason important

undermined monarchy, church, science

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53

which of the following wa written by cesare bacaria

on crimes and punishments

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54

according to pinker, which of the following is a better candidate for explaining humanitarian revolution

book production

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55

In europe, the abolition of capital punishment snowballed after

WW2

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56

How was crime viewed before Caesar beccaria

devil, supernatlism, tempation

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57

principles of cesare beccaria

proportion, muster deter, public, certainty, promptness more than severity

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58

How did cesare beccaria feel about the death penalty

against it

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59

Hobbes

English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)

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60

Pinkers idea on humantiarian

science, reason, empathy

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61

The Rights revolution refers to

growth of rights movement in US, Britain, Canada,

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62

the author of pilgrimage to nonviolence is

martin luther king jr

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63

according to pinker, which of the following will not help reduce violence against women

women in collectivist society

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64

hate crime statistics from FBI have been available since

1990s

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65

implicit bias

attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner

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66

Convert racism

form of racism discrimination that is disguised and subtle

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67

moralization gap

when conflict present, we overestimate our own good intentions and underestimate intentions of others

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68

Big mistake hypothesis

propose that contemporary human cooperation results from psychological predispositions that were made when we lived in small groups

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69

manipulation hypothesis

that people are either tricked or coerced into cooperating in the interests of others

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70

heart on your sleeve hypothesis

humans are cooperative because they can truly signal cooperative intentions

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71

Moralistic reciprocacy hypothesis

language and cognitive allow us to engage and manage more people

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72

cultural group selection hypothesis

extensive human cooperation is a side effect of rapid cultural adaptation

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73

stragtic situtations

anything where what i do effects your outcomes

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74

Prisoner's Dilemma

a particular "game" between two captured prisoners that illustrates why cooperation is difficult to maintain even when it is mutually beneficial b better

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75

How to avoid prisoners dilemma

communication, copperatio, regulations

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76

what is rational

behavior guided by conscious reasonnign not excperince

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77

rational choice theory

individuals act in their own best interest, carefully weighing the costs and benefits of possible alternatives.

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78

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self-actualization

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79

Maryland Justice Reinvestment act

prisons for violence and serious offenders

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80

reauthorization of violence against women act

was in 1991, started an up roar of women speaking out

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81

US v. Morrison

Struck down part of the Violence Against Women Act; limitation of application of Commerce Clause- cannot sue them for money only state

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82

In Reiss and roth the panels main interest is in

interpersonal violence

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83

Xie et 2012 used ___ data to study violence against women

NCVS

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84

Collective violence

use of violence by members of a group to another for a politici, economic oro their objectives

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85

Interpersonal violence

behavior by persons against person that intentionally threatened or attempt to inflict harm

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86

The UN Declaration of the elimination of violence against women define

any act of gender based violence that results or likely to in physical, sedual or psychological harm or suffering to women

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87

women in labor force

increase stronger violence from acquiance, decrease in intimate

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88

systematic data on school violence available in

1970s

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89

Under agnews strain theory

it includes negative experiences and events in social relationships at school and work effect crime

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90

the use of profiles is problematic because

false postive, bias, stimatize students

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91

ignorance by design

since 90s, congress has prevented federal agencies from gathering data on gun violence

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92

school shootings are____

rare usually at homes

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93

is gun violence increasing

barely, not really

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94

DC v. Heller

Struck down a Washington DC ordinance that banned handguns

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95

according to pinker, predatory violence is not

always dont by a psychopath

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96

according to pinker, intermale aggression is related to

domiance violence

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97

according to pinker, the psychology of predatory violence includes all but

self handicapping

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98

when do children begin to experience and express different emotions

newborn, 9 months all

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99

primary basic emotions number

5/6/7

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100

what inhibits physical aggression

temperment and attachments

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