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word root

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115 Terms

1

word root

The main part of a term that contains the primary meaning.

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2

prefix

word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning

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3

suffix

a word part that can be added at the end of a word

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4

combing vowel

A vowel that is added to the word root to make the term easier to pronounce

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5

combining form

combination of the root and the combining vowel

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6

a-

without

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7

an-

without

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8

auto-

self

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9

brady-

slow

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10

de-

without

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11

endo-

within

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12

epi-

above

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13

eu-

normal

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14

ex-

outward

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15

extra-

outside of

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16

hetero-

different

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17

hyper-

excessive

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18

hypo-

below, insufficient

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19

in-

not

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20

inter-

between

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21

intra-

within

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22

neo-

new

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23

para-

beside, abnormal

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24

per-

through

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25

pro-

before

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26

re-

again

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27

retro-

behind

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28

sub-

under

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29

tachy-

fast

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30

trans-

across

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31

ultra-

beyond

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32

un-

not

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33

dis-

away

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34

contra-

against

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35

exo-

outside

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36

py/o

pus

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37

my/o

muscle

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38

orth/o

straight

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39

oste/o

bone

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40

ped/o

child, foot

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41

plant/o

sole of foot

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42

thromb/o

blood clot

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43

eosin/o

rosy red

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44

coagul/o

clotting

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45

leuk/o

white

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46

morph/o

shape

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47

lymph/o

lymph

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48

pneum/o

lung

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49

spir/o

to breathe

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50

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

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51

enter/o

small intestine

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52

lapar/o

abdomen

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53

sialaden/o

salivary gland

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54

lith/o

stone

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55

olig/o

scanty

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56

ur/o

urine

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57

estr/o

female

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58

salping/o

fallopian tube

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59

oophor/o

ovary

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60

home/o

same

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61

cephal/o

head

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62

encephala/o

brain

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63

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

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64

ocul/o

eye

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65

optic/o

vision

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66

opt/o

vision

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67

acous/o

hearing

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68

-iatrist

physician

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69

-ician

specialist

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70

-tropic

pertaining to stimulating

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71

-partum

childbirth

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72

-lysis

destruction

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73

-emesis

vomiting

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74

-pepsia

digestion

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75

-phonia

voice

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76

-pnea

breathing

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77

-stenosis

narrowing

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78

-edema

swelling

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79

-scopy

process of visually examining

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80

-phil

attracted to

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81

-emia

blood condition

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82

-rrhea

discharge

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83

-rrhexis

rupture

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84

-rrhagia

abnormal flow condition

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85

-rrhage

abnormal flow

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86

-otomy

surgical incision

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87

-ostomy

surgical opening

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88

-centesis

surgical puncture

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89

sagittal plane

vertical division of the body into right and left portions

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90

midsagittal plane (median plane)

the sagittal plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves

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91

frontal plane (coronal plane)

Divides the body into front and back portions.

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92

transverse plane (horizontal plane)

divides the body into upper and lower portions

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93

cross- section

internal view of body produced by slice perpendicular to long axis of structure

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94

longitudinal section

internal view of body produced by lengthwise slice along long axis of structure

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95

epithelial tissue

Tissue that covers outside of the body and lines organs and cavities.

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96

nervous tissue

A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth between the brain and every other part of the body.

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97

connective tissue

A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects all of its parts

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98

muscle tissue

A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts move.

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99

cardiac muscle

Involuntary muscle tissue found only in the heart.

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100

smooth muscle

Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the body

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