Chapter 7

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108 Terms

1

symmetric

same

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2

asymmetric

imbalanced

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3

trismus

tension of mastication muscle

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4

dysphagia

difficult swallowing

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5

what is sialadenitis

inflamed salivary gland

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6

tic douloureux

degeneration or pressure on trigeminal nerve

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7

bells palsy

temporary unilateral facial paraylsis

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8

temporomandibular joint

union of joints of temporal and mandibular bones

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9

where is the philtrum

middle groove on external edge of upper lip to base of nose

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10

where is the commissure

corners of mouth

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11

where is the vermillion border

area where pink-red lip tissue meets facial skin

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12

where is the labio mental groove

groove between lip and chin

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13

where is the naso labial groove

groove between nost to lip

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14

labial tubercle

small rounded elevation on lip labium

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15

what does it mean to palpate

using finger to determine condition of tissue

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16

oral lesion

inflammatory tissue or infected patch on skin

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17

gingivitis

inflammation of gingiva

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18

periodontitis

inflammation of gingiva and deeper periosteal tissue

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19

periodontal abscess

abscess progressing from inflammation of periodontal tissue

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20

pericoronitis

inflammation around the tooth

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21

what does ANUG stand for?

acute necrotic ulcerative gingivitis

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22

What is ANUG (not acronym)

highly inflamed and dying gingival tissue

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23

cellulitis

inflammation of cellular or connective tissue

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24

fistula

tissue opening for pus drainage

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25

what does a fistula provide?

relief from buildup pressure

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26

epulis

fibrous tumor of oral tissue

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27

another name for canker sore

aphthous ulcer

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28

what is an aphthous ulcer

small ulver in the mouth

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29

forddyce granules

yellow spots on mucous membranes

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30

thrush

white, fungus infection of mouth or throat

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31

candida albicans

white plaque due to long term antibiotic therapy allowing fungus buildup

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32

What is Herpes simplex virus (HSV)

vesicles or watery pimples that burst and crust

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33

another name for cold sore

Herpes simplex virus

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34

another name for fever blisters

herpes simplex virus

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35

what is HSV

Herpes simplex virus

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36

primary herpes

in young children on mouth/lips

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37

recurrent herpes

reappears on lip area throughout life

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38

cheilosis

inflammation of lips

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39

mucocele

soft nodule found on lower lip

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40

causes of cheilosis

candidiasis, vitamin B deficiency or lack of vertical dimension

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41

cause of mucocele

trauma to accessory salivary glands

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42

circumvallate papillae

mushroom shaped papillae on back of tongue

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43

glossitis

inflammation of tongue

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44

geographic tongue

flat, irregular, red lesions on back of tongue

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45

hairy tongue

black, white or brown projections that look like hair on the dorsum of tongue

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46

causes of hairy tongue

medications or drug treatments

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47

fissured tongue

crack on tongue

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48

ankyloglossia

shortness of lingue frenum (tongue tied)

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49

malignancy

cancerous tumor with ability to spread

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50

mestatasize

ability to move

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51

leukoplakia

white patches on oral tissue

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52

erythroplakia

red patches on palate or floor of tongue

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53

neoplasm

new tissue or growth

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54

fibroma

benign tumor of connective tissue

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55

granuloma

benign tumor of lymph and skin cells

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56

sarcoma

malignant skin tumor

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57

hemangioma

benign tumor of dilated blood vessels

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58

neurofibroma

neoplasm of nerve sheath cells

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59

lymphoma

new tissue growth within lymphatic system

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60

carcinoma

tumor of connective tissue

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61

nicotine stomatitis

malignant leukoplakia of hard palate

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62

cause of nicotine stomatitis

smoking

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63

AIDS (acronym)

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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64

Epithelian color variation

causes fluorescent mouth glow to distinguish abnormal tissue cells

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65

chemical luminescent method

rinse with 1% acetic acid for 30-60 seconds and blue dye is illuminated

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66

fluorescence and reflection method

violet lamp ray to detect abnormal skin

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67

brush cytology

collection of cells and sent to lab

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68

caries

tooth decay or carious lesions

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69

bacterial cause of caries

Streptococcus

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70

how does bacteria cause caries

produce acid to destroy tooth tissue with decalcification and demineratlization of enamel

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71

incipient caries

beginning of decay

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72

rampant caries

widespread or growing decay

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73

recurrent caries

decay occurring under or near repaired tooth restoration

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74

arrested caries

decay showing no progression

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75

simple cavity

decay involving 1 surface of tooth

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76

compound cavity

decay involving 2 surfaces of tooth

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77

complex cavity

decay involving 2+ surfaces of tooth

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78

where is class 1 caries

occlusal, buccal or lingual surface on molars/premolars

& 1 surface on facial/lingual surface of anterior teeth

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79

where is class 2 caries

only in posterior teeth on mesial/distal surface

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80

where is caries 3

only on anterior teeth on mesial/distal surface

  • not on incisal edge

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81

where is class 4 caries

only on anterior teeth on mesial/distal surface or incisal edge

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82

where is class 5 caries

facial/lingual surface of anterior or posterior teeth at cervical 3rd tooth near gingiva

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83

where is the periapical abscess/gum abscess located

around the tooth apex abscess

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84

hyperemia

increase in blood and lymph vessels

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85

pulpalgia

toothache

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86

cause of pulpalgia

irritation or infection in pulp chamber

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87

pulpitis

pulp inflammation

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88

what can occur after pulpitis

necrosis

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89

what is necrosis

death of the pulp

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90

abrasion

wearing away of tooth surface

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91

cause of abrasion

malocclusion or bad habits

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92

attrition

wearing away tooth structure

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93

cause of attrition

chewing or bruxism

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94

erosion

wearing away or destruction of tooth structure

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95

ankylosis

stiff joint

tooth fixation

retention of deciduous tooth

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96

avulsion

tooth removed from socket

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97

bruxism

grinding of teeth

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98

malocclusion

irregular meeting of teeth

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99

abfraction

loss of tooth surface in cervical area

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100

cause of abfraction

tooth grinding or compression

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