Lab 9-Arthropod 2

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Is Insecta a class or family?

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147 Terms

1

Is Insecta a class or family?

Class

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2

Organization

Organ level

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3

Embryonic Development

Triploblast Protosome Eucoelomate

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4

Triploblastic or diploblastic?

Triploblastic

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5

Protosome or durtrosome?

Protosome

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6

Acoelomate, Pseudocoelomate or Eucoelomate?

Pseudocoelomate

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7

Symmetry

Bilateral symmetry

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8

Skeleton

Exoskeleton

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9

Movement/Locomotion

Striated Muscles

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10

Sensory Structures

Antenna Cerebral ganglia Ventral nerve cord Cephalization Compound eyes

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11

Circulation

Open circulatory system

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12

Digestion/Feeding

Complete gut (mount and anus) Sucking mouth parts Piercing mouthparts Predators

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13

Complete or incomplete gut?

Complete gut

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14

Excretory/osmoregulation

Malpighian tubules

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15

Reproduction

Sexual Dioecious Internal fertilization Metamorphosis

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16

What is the structure that allows you to differentiate between grasshopper sexes?

Ovipositer

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17

What does the presence of the ovipositer mean?

Grasshopper is Female

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18

What is the purpose of the ovipositer?

Reproduction

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19

What does the lack of a ovipositer mean?

Grasshopper is Male

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20

Why do the spiracles of the respirator tract open to the outside of the body?

To allow continuous supply of O2 Acts as channel to release CO2

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21

What are the two specialized areas of the digestive tract that refect adaptations to living in dry, terrestrial habitats?

Malpighian tubules and rectum

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22

What benefit do gastric ceca provide grasshoppers?

Increased SA for digestion

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23

What characteristic is shared by the Myriapoda and Hexapoda but not the Crustacea?

Uniramous appendages

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24

Which order in Insecta contains parasitoids and eusocial species?

Hymenoptera

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25

Which of the following is not holometabolous insect?

Orthoptera

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26

Based on genomic data, which of the subphyla below is paraphyletic

Crustacea

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27

Which group below has the most similar diet to members of Class Chilopoda?

Arachnida

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28

What does it mean to be Uniramous?

Unbranched

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29

How many tagmata are there in this Phylum?

Three tagmata

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30

What are the three tagmata?

Cephalon Thorax Abdomen

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31

What is the exoskeleton made of?

Chiton

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32

What is Ecdysis?

Molting; shedding of outer skin?

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33

Why do organisms preform Ecdysis?

To grow

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34

Where does absorption of nutrients occur?

Midgut only

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35

What kind of diet does the class Chilopoda exhibit?

Carnivorous

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36

What kind of diet does the class Diplopoda exhibit?

Detritivores (Dead)

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37

What kind of diet does the subphylum Hexapoda exhibit?

Predator Herbivore Omnivore Detrivore

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38

How many pairs of legs does Chilopoda have?

1

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39

How many pairs of legs does Diplopoda have?

2

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40

How many pairs of legs does Hexapoda have?

3

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41

What classes exists in Myriapoda?

Chilopoda & Diploda

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42

What is the subphylum of Insdcta?

Hexapoda

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43

What is the feature of Subphylum Myriapoda?

Many feet

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44

What is serial homology?

Repeating legs on each segment

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45

How many pairs of antennae does Subphylum Myriapoda have?

1

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46

How many pairs of legs does class Chilopoda have per segment?

1

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47

How many pairs of legs does class Dipopoda have per segment?

2

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48

What kind of defense does Diplopoda have?

Non-venomous defenses

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49

Why are insects a diverse group?

Wings Different life cycle Small size Small generation size Appendage specialization

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50

What are some major insect Evolutionary Innovations?

Flight Wing Folding Complete development Metamorphosis

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51

What are some major insect Evolutionary Innovations?

Co-evolution Complex social structure Parasitoidism

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52

What subphylum has tree pairs of legs?

Hexapoda

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53

What is the purpose of the cephalon tagmata?

Sensory

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54

What is the purpose of the thorax tagmata?

Locomotion

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55

What is the purpose of the abdomen tagmata?

Reproduction

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56

What class coevolved with many plant species?

Insecta

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57

Which class has the most species of insects?

Insecta

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58

What subphylum is Insecta in?

Hexapoda

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59

What are the divisions of Insecta?

Paleoptera Neoptera

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60

What Order do wingless insects belong to?

Zygentoma

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61

What are some examples of Order Zygentoma?

Silverfish

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62

Zygentoma insects do not display metamorphosis, the display...

Ametabolous

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63

What does it mean to be Ametabolous?

Juveniles resemble small adults

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64

What subphylum does Zygentoma belong to?

Hexapoda

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65

What are the two types of metamorphosis do winged insects exhibit?

Hemimetabolous development Holometabolous

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66

What does hemimetabolous development mean?

Incomplete metamorphosis

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67

What are some examples of hemimetabolous organisms?

Grasshoppers, termites, dragonflies, cicadas

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68

What does holometabolous development mean?

Complete metamorphosis

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69

What are some examples of holometabolous organisms?

Butterflies, mosquitoes, ants, wasps

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70

To what subphylum do Division Neoptera and Paleoptera belong?

Hexapoda

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71

What order belongs to Paleoptera?

Odonata

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72

What is the main feature of the division Paleoptera?

Wings develop outside of the body

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73

What are the two main organisms in Order Odonata?

Dragonfly Damselfly

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74

What kind of development is exhibited by the division Paleoptera?

Hemimetabolous

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75

What are the individual units in compound eyes called?

Ommatidia

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76

How many pairs of wings does the order Odonata have?

2

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77

What is the main difference between Division Neoptera and division Paleoptera?

Presence of wing folding

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78

Which division is able to fold their wings?

Neoptera

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79

What orders of division Neoptera exhibit Hemimetabolous development?

Orthoptera Blattodea Hemiptera Mantodea Phasmida

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80

What are some organisms in order Orthoptera?

Grasshopper Crickets Katydids Locusts

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81

What is the purpose of the enlarged hindlegs in order orthoptera?

Jumping

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82

What adaptation does the order Orthoptera have due to their herbivorous diet?

Chewing mouthparts

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83

What structure helps to generate sound in order orthoptera?

"File and scrape" structure

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84

Where are the "File and scrape" structures located in order Orthoptera?

Front wings

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85

Where are the ears located in order Orthoptera?

Front legs

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86

What are the members of Order Blattodea?

Cockroaches and termites

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87

What type of social structure do termites exhibit?

Eusocial

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88

What does it mean to be eusocial?

Single queen, caste style (hierarchy)

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89

What phylum does order hemiptera belong to?

Hexapoda

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90

What are the three groups of order hemiptera?

True bugs, hoppers, aphids

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91

What feeding methods does order hemiptera exhibit?

Piercing and sucking mouth parts

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92

What is the purpose of odorous glands in order hemiptera?

Defense,repel predators

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93

What are some members of order Hemiptera?

X marked bugs Cicadas Aphids mealybugs Whiteflies

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94

What subphylum does the order Mantodea belong to?

Hexapoda

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95

What organism makes up order Mantodea?

Praying mantis

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96

What kind of predators are the members of order Mantodea?

Ambush predators

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97

What feature does the order Mantodea exhibit to assist in prey capture?

Modified raptorial forelimbs (Specialized grasping forelegs)

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98

What subphylum does order Phasmida belong to?

Hexapoda

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99

What are the members of order phasmida?

Walking sticks Leaf insects

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100

What is the indicating feature of order phasmida?

Camouflage

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