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Ekklesia

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1

Ekklesia

Greek word that is the origin for the word Church

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2

Theophilus

The name given to the audience of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles; it means "lover of God" or "God fearer."

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3

Pentecost

The fiftieth day following Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples.

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4

Inculturation

Aligning local culture to Church practices and teaching and/or adapting Church practices and teachings to local culture.

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5

Martyrdom

Witness to the saving message of Christ through the sacrifice of one's life.

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6

mission

a special duty or function which a person or group is sent out to do

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7

Council of Jerusalem

the first church council, which was called to resolve the growing controversy over whether or not gentile Christians would have to observe Jewish law

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8

Stephen

First Christian martyr

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9

Paul

Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world.

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10

Peter

A.D. 5-67 One of the 12 apostles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, bishop of Rome

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11

Council of Nicaea

(325 CE) A council called by Constantine to agree upon correct Christian doctrine and settle some disputes of the time.

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12

Council of Constantinople

revised the Nicene Creed by adding the clauses referring to the Holy Spirit

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13

Filioque

"and from the Son"

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14

Marks of Church

One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic

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15

Canon

The official list of inspired books of the Bible

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16

Formation of cannon

Grassroots- Gradual NOT over night

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17

Great Schism

1054 when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael Cerularius excommunicate each other

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18

iconoclast

One who opposed the use of Icons

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19

Iconodules

one who supports the veneration of icons

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20

Iconoclast Controversy

disagreement caused by the Eastern emperor's decision to condemn the use of icons in worship

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21

Acts of the Apostles

book in the Bible that tells the story of the work of the Apostles in the early Church

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22

Author of Acts of the Apostles

The Author of Luke's Gospel

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23

Holy Spirit

Aids Apostles to preform miracles

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24

Galatians

Letter to this community where Paul portrays anger at lack of Commitment to enforcing council of Jerusalem

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25

1 Thessalonians

Oldest full Christian Text

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26

One

the Mark of the Church that indicates the unity of the Church as a community of Christian believers as well as the unity of all the members with Christ

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27

Holy

A mark of the Church. The Church is holy because she is set apart for God and his purposes and God is holy. Christ gave himself up to make the Church holy and gave the Church the gift of the Holy Spirit to give her life.

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28

catholic

A mark of the Church- Universal

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29

Apostolic

A mark of the church calling all members of the church to be like the apostles and share the Gospel

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30

grassroots

Starting in communities and gaining general acceptance.

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31

Spiritual Merit

Knights fought for this instead of money

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32

Excommunication

Banishment from the church

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33

Arian Heresy

Claimed Jesus was not divine and therefore not equal to God.

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34

Celibacy of Priest

Required in the Western Church but not the Eastern

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35

Unleavened Bread

Seen as "too jewish" in the Eastern Church

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36

Sacrament

One of the seven efficacious signs of God's grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us.

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37

Symbol

Based on the Greek "to throw together or compare," an object or action that points us to another reality.

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38

Sign

An object that represents something else.

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39

Ritual

A symbolic action, actions that have deeper meaning.

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40

Efficacious

The power something holds to cause a desired effect.

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41

Disposition

An inner attitude and readiness to receiving God's gifts (graces), particularly through the Sacraments.

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42

Grace

The free and undeserved gift of God's loving and active presence in the universe & our lives.

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43

Council of Trent

Church council called in 1545 in response to Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation and defined the number of official sacraments to be seven.

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44

Church

The visible sign of the presence of Jesus in the world today.

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45

Sacraments of Initiation

Baptism, Confirmation, & Eucharist.

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46

Baptism

The first of the three Sacraments of Initiation through which a person begins a new life in Christ and the Holy Spirit, and is incorporated into the Church, the Body of Christ.

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47

Water

Essential element of the Sacrament of Baptism, triple pouring of water on the head.

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48

Sanctifying grace

A state in which God allows us to share in his life and love.

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49

Sacramental Character

An enduring spiritual sign imprinted on the soul that bonds them more closely to Christ.

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50

Minister

The one that is able to preform the sacrament

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51

Holy water

Blessed water used in ritual sprinklings or when making the sing of the cross as a reminder of Baptism.

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52

Catechumenate

The name of the full process, as well as of one formal stage within the process, by which persons are prepared for full invitation into the Church.

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53

Baptism of Blood

The Catholic Church's firm conviction that someone who dies for the faith without being baptized actually receives the Sacrament of Baptism through his or her death.

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54

Wisdom

This gift helps us recognize the importance of others and the importance of keeping God central in our lives - the ability to see as things God sees them.

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55

Understanding

This gift is the ability to comprehend the meaning of God's message.

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56

Knowledge

This gift is the ability to think about and explore God's revelation, and also to recognize there are mysteries of faith beyond us.

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57

Holy Communion

Another name of the Eucharist, the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. Also refers to the reception of the Eucharist by the Assembly.

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58

Assembly

Also known as the congregation, it is a community of believers gathered for worship as the Body of Christ.

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59

Paschal Lamb

A name for Jesus who's death and resurrection redeemed humanity.

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60

Sacred Chrism

Perfumed oil, consecrated by the bishop, which is used for special anointings in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

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61

Reparation

Making amends for something one did wrong that caused harm to another person or led to loss.

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62

Sacramental character

A permanent and indelible spiritual mark on a person's soul, sealed by the Holy Spirit as a result of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

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63

Transubstantiation

Literally "to change the substance," the changingof the bread and the wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.

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64

Pentecost

In Acts of the Apostles, the feast day where the Apostles receive the Holy Spirit.

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65

Bishop

In the early days of the church, Confirmation was given together with Baptism and Eucharist by the ____.

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66

Thanksgiving

What does the word Eucharist mean?

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67

Consecration

The Mass where the priest prays over the bread and wine in which it becomes the Body and Blood of Christ.

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68

Passover

The Jewish feast where Jesus and the Apostles celebrated the Last Supper.

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69

Christ the Physician

Christ, the Physician: healer of mankind's ailment (Sin) as Christ helps restore and renew us

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70

Sacraments of Healing

Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick

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71

Viaticum

The Eucharist that people take while receiving their last rights.

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72

Reconciliation

Act of confessing sins in order to restore a person back to their original state of Grace.

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73

Being extremely ill, in danger of death, About to undergo a major surgery or medical illness.

When one can receive the anointing of the sick

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74

Sacred Chrism

Perfumed olive oil consecrated by the bishop that is used for anointing in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

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75

Oil of the Sick

Blessed olive oil used in the Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick to anoint the forehead and hands of people who are seriously ill or near death.

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76

water

Used as a symbol of washing away sins, being reborn, and starting a new life

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77

Light

Symbol of Christs light and goodness

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78

Leitorgia

Greek root that liturgy is derived from

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79

Liturgy

Communal, Public, official

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80

offical

Church Regulates the liturgy

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81

Public

Liturgy is a sign of our faith

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82

Communal

Liturgy is meant to be celebrated with a group of faith

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83

Lent

the Liturgical season that focuses on repentance for our sins.

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84

Christmas

celebrates the birth of Jesus

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85

Ordinary time

The time in the liturgical year that ithe church tries to live like christ

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86

Easter

Celebrates Christ's resurrection from the dead

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87

Advent

Celebrates Christs coming into the world

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88

Passover

The feast that Jesus and the disciples were celebrating during the Last supper

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89

The ordinary minister of the Anointing of the Sick

priest

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90

The symbols of Reconciliation

Stole, Keys, Laying on of hands, scourging whip

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91

Consecration

Part of mass where the priest prays over the bread and wine

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92

Transubstantiation

Catholic belief that the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ through the Holy Spirit

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93

When can you not recieve communion

You have committed a mortal sin, you are not catholic, You have been excommunicated

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94

Sacraments of Healing

Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick

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95

Sacraments of Initiation

Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist

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96

Simony

the buying and selling of church offices

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97

nepotism

favoritism shown to family or friends by those in power

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98

absenteeism

Bishops or priests not living in their dioceses or parishes

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99

Pluralism

Bishops or priests leading more than one diocese

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100

Printing Press

15th century invention which revolutionized the ability to print information which in turn affected the speed of the spread of information itself.

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