HA Lab Quiz 1

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anatomical position

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172 Terms

1

anatomical position

To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward

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2

Anterior (ventral)

front of the body

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3

Posterior (dorsal)

back of body

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4

Superior (cranial)

toward the head

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5

Inferior (caudal)

away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below

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6

Proximal

Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

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7

Distal

farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

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8

Medial

toward the midline

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9

Lateral

away from the midline

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10

superficial

near the surface

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11

deep

Away from the body surface; more internal

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12

sagittal plane

divides body into left and right

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13

midsagittal plane

divides the body into equal left and right halves

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14

parasagittal plane

Divides body into unequal right and left sides

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15

frontal plane

Divides the body into front and back portions.

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16

transverse plane

divides the body into superior and inferior parts

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17

oblique plane

passes through the body at an angle

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18

Dorsal (posterior) cavity contains:

cranial cavity (brain) and spinal cavity (spinal cord)

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19

Ventral (anterior) cavity contains:

contains thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity

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20

thoracic cavity

contains the pleural cavity (left/right lungs), mediastinum cavity (the space between the lungs), and the pericardial cavity (heart).

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21

pleural cavities

contains the (left/right) lungs

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22
<p>what body plane is ‘a’?</p>

what body plane is ‘a’?

sagittal

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23
<p>what body plane is ‘b’?</p>

what body plane is ‘b’?

frontal

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24
<p>what body plane is ‘c’?</p>

what body plane is ‘c’?

transverse

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25
<p>what is ‘1’</p>

what is ‘1’

RUQ or right upper quadrant

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26
<p>what is ‘4’</p>

what is ‘4’

LLQ or left lower quadrant

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27
<p>what is ‘3’</p>

what is ‘3’

RLQ or right lower quadrant

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28
<p>what is ‘2’</p>

what is ‘2’

LUQ or left upper quadrant

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29
<p>is this a abdominopelvic quadrant or region?</p>

is this a abdominopelvic quadrant or region?

abdominopelvic quadrant

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30
<p>is this a abdominopelvic quadrant or region?</p>

is this a abdominopelvic quadrant or region?

abdominopelvic region

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31
<p>what is ‘2’</p>

what is ‘2’

epigastric region

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32
<p>what is ‘1’</p>

what is ‘1’

right hypochondriac region

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33
<p>what is ‘3’</p>

what is ‘3’

left hypochondriac region

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34
<p>what is ‘5’</p>

what is ‘5’

Umbilical region

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35
<p>what is ‘6’</p>

what is ‘6’

left lumbar region

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36
<p>what is ‘4’</p>

what is ‘4’

right lumbar region

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37
<p>what is ‘9’</p>

what is ‘9’

left iliac region

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38
<p>what is ‘8’</p>

what is ‘8’

hypogastric region

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39
<p>what is ‘7’</p>

what is ‘7’

right iliac region

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40
<p>what is ‘2’ (has 3 cavities)</p>

what is ‘2’ (has 3 cavities)

thoracic cavity

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41
<p>what is ‘e’</p>

what is ‘e’

Diaphragm

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42
<p>what is ‘7’</p>

what is ‘7’

dorsal cavity

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43
<p>what is ‘1’</p>

what is ‘1’

Cranial cavity

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44
<p>what is ‘3’</p>

what is ‘3’

Abdominal cavity

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45
<p>what is ‘b’</p>

what is ‘b’

spinal cavity

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46
<p>what is ‘4’</p>

what is ‘4’

pelvic cavity

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47
<p>what is ‘1’</p>

what is ‘1’

Cranial cavity

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48
<p>what is ‘a’</p>

what is ‘a’

Mediastinum

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49
<p>what is ‘c’</p>

what is ‘c’

pleural cavity

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50
<p>what is ‘d’</p>

what is ‘d’

Pericardial cavity

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51
<p>what is ‘5’</p>

what is ‘5’

ventral cavity

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52
<p>what is ‘6’</p>

what is ‘6’

Abdominopelvic cavity

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53
<p>what is e’</p>

what is e’

Diaphragm

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54
<p>what is ‘3’</p>

what is ‘3’

Abdominal cavity

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55
<p>what is ‘4’</p>

what is ‘4’

Pelvic cavity

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56

Eyepiece (microscope)

Where you look into the microscope

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57

Body Tube (microscope)

Where light passes from the objective lens to the eyepiece

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58

arm (microscope)

Used to carry microscope

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59

nosepiece(microscope) function

holds the objective lenses, it rotates

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60

objective lens function

There may be two or three of these mounted on the nosepiece. Each one magnifies at a different power.

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61

stage (microscope) function

supports the slide being viewed

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62

stage clips function

Two pieces of metal that keep the slide from moving

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63

Lamp (microscope) function

provides light so that it is easier to see the object that you are viewing

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64

diaphragm (microscope) function

controls the amount of light that passes through

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65

base (microscope) function

support for the microscope

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66

Coarse adjustment function

begin focusing with this part of the microscope, It moves the stage up and down, NEVER USE on high power

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67

Fine adjustment function

use this to make the object appear clearer

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68
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

arm

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69
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

eyepiece

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70
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

base

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71
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

rotating nosepiece

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72
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

stage

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73
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

coarse adjustment knob

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74
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

fine adjustment knob

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75
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

objective lens

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76
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

stage clip

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77
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

body tube

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78
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

Diaphragm

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79
<p>what apart of the microscope is this</p>

what apart of the microscope is this

lamp

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80

how many ‘N’ or chromosomes does a human have

2N or 46

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81

cardiovascular system function

transports nutrients, chemical messengers, gases and wastes in blood

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82

respiratory system function

adds oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from blood.

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83

digestive system function

breaks down food into units that can be absorbed by the body

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84

urinary system function

removes wastes, maintains body fluid volume, pH and electrolyte levels.

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85

integumentary system function

provides a protective barrier for the body, contains sensory receptors for pain, touch, temperature

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86

lymphatic system function

returns fluid to cardiovascular system, detects, filters, and eliminates disease causing organisms.

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87

skeletal system function

protects major organs, provides levers and support for body movement

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88

muscular system function

moves bones and maintains posture

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89

nervous system function

controls cell function with electrical signals

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90

endocrine system function

controls cell function with hormones

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91

reproductive system function

produces gametes, female organs provide environment for development of fetus

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92

lungs function

Main organs of the respiratory system that filters air

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93

Trachea function

Allows air to pass to and from lungs apart of the respiratory system

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94

thyroid gland function

endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck

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95

Testes function

produce sperm

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96

Vagina function

Female organ of intercourse; birth canal

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97

heart function

A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.

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98

spleen function

Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells

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99

stomach function

A muscular and elastic sac that serves mainly to store food, break it up mechanically, and begin chemical digestion of proteins and fat.

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100

large intestine function

The last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body

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