PSYC 1002: Mock Exam

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Elisabeth is with her friends as they all read a Brightspace announcement on how there will be a test worth 15% in 2 weeks in their biology class. Her friends all seem to be stressed for this exam, but Elisabeth does not feel the same. Although she must do the test too, she is not threatened by it because she knows this material well and she has a good grade. What cognitive process did Elisabeth just experience?

a. Primary appraisal

b. Secondary appraisal

c. Knows stress is very subjective.

d. Cognitive appraisal

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Elisabeth is with her friends as they all read a Brightspace announcement on how there will be a test worth 15% in 2 weeks in their biology class. Her friends all seem to be stressed for this exam, but Elisabeth does not feel the same. Although she must do the test too, she is not threatened by it because she knows this material well and she has a good grade. What cognitive process did Elisabeth just experience?

a. Primary appraisal

b. Secondary appraisal

c. Knows stress is very subjective.

d. Cognitive appraisal

a.

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2

Who out of this list is the most likely to seek therapy?

a. A woman who has a stable income

b. A man who has a stable income

c. A woman who does not have a stable income.

d. A man who does not have a stable income.

a.

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3

Choose which of these would not be considered an acute stressor:

a. Walking past a creepy person on the street at night

b. Waking up to a fire alarm going off

c. Learning you have an incurable disease.

d. Hydroplaning while driving

e. Both b and c

c.

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4

Trevor has been working for years towards becoming the head consultant at a firm and is the top prospect for receiving the job in the upcoming year. Unfortunately, his doctor just diagnosed him with an illness that will cause pretty consistent chronic pain and will most likely reduce his life satisfaction. For these reasons, Trevor would not be able to take on the job as head consultant. The doctor did mention that there is one medication that could reduce his pain, but it would also cause a lot of other bad side effects and that Trevor should think about this decision. Select below what Trevor is experiencing and what he might experience in the years to come.

a. Frustration

b. Chronic stress

c. Approach-avoidance conflict

d. A, b and c

e. Only a and b

d.

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5

Choose below the situation where someone would not experience pressures:

a. Anke just started her summer internship and wants to do a great job so she is offered a full-time position when she graduates. She wants to make sure she behaves appropriately, executes tasks well, and accomplishes her responsibilities quickly and efficiently.

b. To pass this class, Kelly must do extremely well on this exam and get at least an 87. This means Kelly must solve every problem, and show all of her steps properly so that she does not lose too many marks.

c. James really wanted to buy this new Sens hat with very cool designs, but when he went to the store, the hat was gone. To make matters even worse, the hat was not likely to be restocked.

d. Aisha wants to move to her new apartment but she must first move out of her old one. It is currently April 16th and she must be fully moved out by the 18th. This means she has to be incredibly efficient and organized to meet the deadline.

e. Jordan has made it to nationals for badminton. Her final component is very skilled and Jordan really wants to win. This means she must work very hard and be at the top of her game to place in first.

c.

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6

There are many physiological responses correlated to the experience of acute and chronic stressors. These include all except:

a. Release of hormones

b. Rapid breathing

c. Depletion of immune system function

d. Increased heart rate

c.

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7

In the general adaptation syndrome, which stage(s) does not always need to occur and why?

a. The exhaustion stage because the body’s stage of resistance was successful at coping with the stressor

b. The alarm stage because the body’s physiological reactions to the stressor (stage of resistance) can sometimes occur before the alarm stage

c. The resistance stage because the body’s physiological reactions were dealt with by the alarm stage & the stressor did not become chronic

d. It is a trick question, when exposed to a stressor the body always go through the three stages of the general adaptation syndrome

e. Both a and c

e.

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8

There are many different types of responses to stress. Select the answer that does not fit into the same response category as the others.

a. Indulging in a bad habit like overeating

b. Showing aggression & intending to hurt someone’s feelings

c. Coping by trying to deal with the stressor

d. Feeling angry

e. Spending excessive time online

d.

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9

You notice you are wandering around the residence commons areas, you conclude you must be lonely. This is an example of:

a. Social bias

b. Low self esteem

c. Depression

d. Self-perception theory

e. Confirmation bias

d.

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10

Select what component of attribution theory that does not belong:

a. Locus of causality

b. Stability

c. Internationality

d. Controllability

e. They all belong

c.

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11

Select what is true:

a. Cognitive dissonance describes attitude change due to consistency

b. Self-perception theory describes an attitude change for something that you have a pre-existing attitude towards

c. If an attitude is highly important to you, it is likely that your attitude will change

d. Attitude can be changed due to the message framing valence, you can ask: is it loss framed or is it gain framed?

d.

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12

Knowing someone experienced post-traumatic growth you would expect to see…

a. A great response to the initial stressor that caused the post-traumatic growth

b. A very limited experience of stress after the resolving of the initial stressor

c. Changes in the person that help in some way how they live their life

d. They have officially recovered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder for good

c.

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13

Select below which situation does not represent a component of hardiness:

a. A young woman working on a 10 000 piece puzzle for the past 2 years

b. A lawyer not afraid to take the cases that are ‘doomed to lose’

c. A young man who is incredibly busy but knows he has full control of his time and efforts and will complete everything he needs to do

d. A police officer who goes into every dangerous situation expecting a good outcome

d.

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14

Select below which example is not something a health psychologist would do:

a. Administer programs of treatment to individuals who are showing abnormal functioning

b. Do research to find the causes and correlations of arthritis to other life factors

c. Find what type of ads would decrease the number of individuals who smoke

d. Finding ways to improve patient - health provider communication

e. Understand reasons as to why individuals participate in health depleting activities and why they do not go to the doctors

a.

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15

If you are giving a prognosis you are:

a. Seeing if someone requires clinical attention

b. Creating an accurate description of someone’s current state and needs

c. Making predictions about the patient’s future psychological functioning

d. Telling them what clinical disorder they have

e. None of the above

c.

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16

Select what is not true about self-presentation:

a. Self-presentation includes the desired image we present to ourselves and others

b. The goals of self presentation include to be liked, to appear competent, and more

c. Impression management is not all, but mostly about deceiving others

d. All of the above statements are true

c.

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17

Select what is not true about schizophrenia.

a. It usually emerges during early adulthood

b. Essential features are a range of cognitive, behavioural, and emotional dysfunctions

c. There are many psychological and biological factors that influences individual’s vulnerability to schizophrenia

d. It is theorised that schizophrenia is hereditary but this has not been proven empirically

d.

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18

Select which source of stress does not belong with the others.

a. Believing your coworkers do not like you

b. Being given a big new project to work on your by yourself

c. Getting advances by a coworker that you are not interested in, and could cause issues at your job

d. Someone stealing your wallet at the carnival

a.

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Savannah is in a romantic relationship with Ryan. Both of them seem to care for the other, however, Savannah has noticed that Ryan doesn’t fully commit to the relationship. He seems passive like he doesn’t expect them to stay together. Ryan’s attachment style during his early life must have been:

a. avoidant.

b. secure.

c. ambivalent.

d. anxious.

a.

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20

Who will most likely experience psychological and physical symptoms from a stressor?

a. Someone who is experiencing a major life event

b. Someone who is experiencing poverty

c. Someone who has a low socioeconomic status

d. Someone who experiences many daily hassles

d.

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A woman (who is a con artist but nobody knows that yet) hears of a formal party where many rich people will attend. The woman does not know that it is a party where everyone is expected to wear all black. She shows up wearing a bright red stress and everyone at the party quickly realizes that she is not supposed to be there. If you compare this situation to the immune system, what is the woman and what is her red dress?

a. The woman is a molecule and the red dress is an antigen

b. The woman is an antigen and the red dress is an antibody

c. The woman is a lymphocyte and the red dress is an epitope

d. The woman is a stem cell and the red dress is a lymphocyte

e. The woman is an antigen and the red dress is an epitope

e.

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22

Which person would most likely experience the most amount of stress?

a. Someone with a type B personality who occasionally smokes

b. Someone with a type A personality who exercises

c. Someone with optimism who is sick

d. Someone with conscientiousness who has a predisposition to alzheimers

b.

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23

Select which component of the immune system does not belong with the others:

a. Cytotoxic t cells

b. Skin

c. Nose hairs

d. Macrophages

a.

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Select the process of the immune system that is the most accurately described.

a. An antigen passes the first line of defence and so the second line of defence comes to help. Helper t-cells are activated by the presence of these antigens (who have epitopes on it’s surface). This activates cytoxic t-cells (humoral immunity) and b cells (cell-mediated immunity). The cytotoxic t-cells attack the antigen while the b cell produces antibodies.

b. An antigen passes the second line of defence and so the first line of defence comes to help. Helper t-cells are activated by the presence of these antigens (who have epitopes on it’s surface). This activates cytoxic t-cells (cell-mediated immunity) and b cells (humoral immunity). The cytotoxic t-cells attack the antigen while the b cell produces antibodies.

c.  An antigen passes the first line of defence and so the second line of defence comes to help. Helper t-cells are activated by the presence of these antigens (who have epitopes on its surface). This activates cytotoxic t-cells (cell-mediated immunity) and b cells (humoral immunity). The cytotoxic t-cells attack the antigen while the b cell produces antibodies.

d. An antigen passes the first line of defence and so the second line of defence comes out to help. B-cells are activated by the presence of these antigens (who have epitopes on its surface) and so it releases antibodies. This activates cytotoxic t-cells & helper t-cells (cell-mediated immunity). The cytotoxic t-cells attack the antigen while the helper t-cells help the cytotoxic t-cells find more antigens to kill.

c.

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25

During the course of schizophrenia, the symptoms in the ______ phase will be similar to the symptoms in the _______ phase.

a. Active, prodromal

b. Active, residual

c. Prodromal, resistance

d. Residual, Prodromal

d.

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Olivia has a big problem she needs to deal with and she is extremely stressed. Friend 1 tells her to take steps to remove the problem, friend 2  tells her to quit her second job to focus on the problem, friend 3 tells her to go to a counselor to get advice, friend 4 tells her to be patient and the right time will come to fix the problem, and finally friend 5 tells her to go pray to god at church. What coping styles did all these friends recommend?

a. 1: planning, 2: acceptance, 3: seeking social support for emotional reasons, 4: acceptance, 5: turning to religion

b. 1: planning, 2: focus on and venting of emotions, 3: Seeking social support for instrumental reasons, 4: acceptance, 5: turning to religion

c. 1: active coping, 2: suppression of competing activities, 3: seeking social support for instrumental reasons, 4: restraint coping, 5: turning to religion

d. 1: active coping, 2: suppression of competing activities, 3: seeking social

c.

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How does stress affect the immune system?

a. At lower/acute levels of stress, norepinephrine increases lymphocyte activity, and at higher/chronic stress levels norepinephrine creates an overactivation which depletes the lymphocyte’s resources

b. At lower/acute levels of stress, norepinephrine decreases lymphocyte activity, and at higher/chronic stress levels norepinephrine increases lymphocyte activity

c. At lower/acute levels of stress, norepinephrine increases lymphocyte activity & stimulates the body’s organs into action, and at higher/chronic stress levels cortisol lowers lymphocyte activity & slows down the functioning of the immune system

At lower/acute levels of stress, norepinephrine & cortisol increases lymphocyte activity, and at higher/chronic stress levels norepinephrine & cortisol lowers lymphocyte activity & slows down the functioning of the immune system

c.

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28

Choose below what is not an example of maladaptive behaviour:

a. An individual’s depression stops them from doing basic hygiene such as brushing their teeth or hair, or showering

b. Someone’s drinking problem has gotten them fired from their job

c. A person’s anxiety has lead to the individual not being able to maintain friendships

d. A patient with schizophrenia believes everyone loves hearing them sing and will sing in every public space they can like restaurants or stores

d.

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29

Choose below which option is not a stereotype about psychological disorders:

a. Psychological disorders are incurable

b. People can have psychological disorders but not need treatment

c. People with psychological disorders are often violent and dangerous

d. People with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways and are very different from normal people

b.

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30

Your classmate is confused as to how the epidemiology of psychological disorders is useful, you would explain to them that epidemiology is useful because…

a. It allows you to understand the percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a time period

b. It allows you to know the % of people diagnosed with a psychological disorders at any time of their lives

c. It allows you to understand the causation and developmental history of the illness

d. It allows you to understand which populations are most at risk for certain psychological disorders

d.

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31

Azim specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavior problems, but cannot prescribe medicine. Which type of psychologist is Azim?

a. Psychiatrist

b. Clinical

c. Counseling

d. Psychiatric social worker

b.

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32

Supposed that Isla is being put in multiple different scenarios where she must vote on something, choose below which scenario would Isla conform with the group the most.

a. In a group of 15, all other 14 participants vote for the same answer, Isla has already chosen an answer beforehand, and knows the content the question is asking about well.

b. In a group of 15, 12 participants vote for one answer, Ilsa has very little knowledge on the question being asked

c. In a group of 30, 16 participants vote for one answer, the rest vote for the answer Isla thinks is correct

d. In a group of 15, 10 participants vote for one answer, but Isla is able to make her vote anonymously, and is moderately confident on the subject

b.

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33

Jordan is an army veteran and has been having a hard time sleeping, and cannot seem to concentrate on certain tasks. Jordan has some self-destructive tendencies lately and for these reasons has a hard time maintaining friendships. His wife discusses how this behaviour was not always the case for Jordan. If you were a clinical psychologist, what would you diagnosis Jordan with?

a. OCD

b. PTSD

c. Dissociative Identity Disorder

d. Schizophrenia

e. Antisocial personality disorder

b.

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34

Choose which situation is not similar to the others:

a. Tracy knows her brother is moving soon, she feels bad if she doesn’t go help because she knows he would help her if the roles were reversed, so Tracy went and helped her brother move

b. The CEO of the company asked you, the accountant, to stay an extra hour friday night do check out a report so you stay the extra hour and review the report

c. On your way back from work your significant other texts you asking you to stop and grab eggs so you take a detour to the grocery store

d. Emma’s roommate asked her if she could do the dishes for her because she had to rush to class, so Emma did the dishes

e. More than one of these situations are different from each other

f. The situations are all the same

e.

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Olivia is exhausted this morning. Despite this, she makes and remakes her bed until it looks perfect. Washing dishes takes Olivia a long time, she must scrub the entire dish for a considerable amount of time to confirm it is clean. These symptoms have been present in Olivia consistently throughout her life. Based on these symptoms, which disorder is Olivia displaying?

a. General Anxiety Disorder

b. Panic Disorder

c. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

d. Dissociative Identity Disorder

e. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

e.

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36

Select below what is not a symptom of Bipolar Disorder II:

a. Episodes of major depression

b. Grandiosity, inflated self esteem

c. Marked impairment in social or occupational functioning

d. Excessive risk taking

e. Anhedonia

c.

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You are using the DSM 4 and just noted something in axis 4. You most likely wrote down…

a. The fact that the patient suffers from an anxiety disorder (although this has already been diagnosed)

b. The fact that the patient suffers from diabetes

c. The fact that the patient suffers from fetal alcohol syndrome

d. The fact that the patient experienced childhood trauma from their parents

e. The overall level of functioning of the individual

d.

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38

During group therapy, you realize that everyone provides each other with support, advice and sympathy. This is called:

a. Developmental of social skills

b. Interpersonal learning

c. Altruism

d. Universality

c.

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39

Kayla has been extremely tired lately but has a lot of difficulty falling and staying asleep. On top of this, she has been feeling quite anxious and because of this she also has a hard time focusing on her job. Based on these symptoms, what psychological disorder is Kayla displaying?

a. Panic disorder

b. Dysthymia

c. PTSD

d. Generalized Anxiety Disorder

e. Social Anxiety Disorder

d.

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40

Walter is experiencing a manic episode. Which symptom would he most likely not experience?

a. Feelings of euphoria

b. Desire for action

c. Self-confidence

d. Increased sex-drive

e. Large increase in appetite

f. He would experience all of the above

e.

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41

Below is a list of symptoms experienced by people who suffer from schizophrenia. Choose which symptom does not correlate with the other symptoms:

a. Not wanting to socialize with others

b. Agitation

c. Hearing voices in your head

d. Thinking taylor swift is in love with you

e. Wild disorganized thought process

a.

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42

Porter has never been on a single date in his life. He is too scared to ask a girl in case she might deny him. He has been asked on a few dates but never agrees to go because he is worried he will embarrass himself somehow. He is very embarrassed about the fact that he has never been on a date and worries that other people will judge him because of it. Based on these symptoms, what psychological disorder is Porter most likely suffering from?

a. Schizoid personality disorder

b. Avoidant personality disorder

c. Paranoid personality disorder

d. Social anxiety disorder

b.

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43

In the cluster of odd, eccentric personality disorders you should expect to see symptoms of all except…

a. Oddities of thinking

b. Communication that resembles schizophrenia

c. Hard time forming social relationships

d. Expecting special treatment

e. Mistrust of people

d.

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44

You are a family doctor and your patient has type A personality. What should your main concern be in terms of this patient’s biological health?

a. Increased risk for coronary heart issues

b. Plaque buildup in arteries

c. Increased blood pressure

d. Anger and hostility leading to stress

a.

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45

In terms of clinical disorders, when doing a concordance rate, the researcher looks at twin studies and family studies to document…

a. Other diseases within the family

b. The likelihood that heredity could possibly be a reason for the disorder

c. To see if twins or siblings can explain why the patient is exhibiting symptoms of the disorder

d. Family members that could help with the diagnosis

b.

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Betty lived a normal life with work, family, and friends with some difficulties. Although she has not had extraordinary hardships or been exceptional in her field, she feels that she has. She once made a comment that she deserved a parade when she died. Betty suffers from…

a. Narcissistic personality disorder

b. Schizophrenia

c. Antisocial personality disorder

d. Borderline personality disorder

a.

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47

When looking at stress, choose which answer accurately describes what the colored stars represent, and what is this hypothesis called?

a. The yellow star represents low stress which correlates with low productivity. The green star represents high stress which correlates with moderate productivity. The blue star represents high stress which correlates with high productivity. The inverted U hypothesis.

b. The yellow star represents high stress which correlates with low productivity. The green star represents moderate stress which correlates with moderate productivity. The blue star represents low stress which correlates with high productivity. The U hypothesis.

c. The yellow star represents low stress which correlates with low productivity. The green star represents moderate stress which correlates with high productivity. The blue star represents high stress which correlates with low productivity. The U hypothesis.

d. The yellow star represents low stress which correlates with low productivity. The green star represents moderate stress which correlates with high productivity. The blue star represents high stress which correlates with low productivity. The inverted U hypothesis.

d.

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48

When there are careless decisions, they are usually done in groups because:

a. they don’t, individuals are more extreme than groups.

b. groups don’t have direction and usually make incorrect decisions.

c. groups tend to look at each other for leadership and they will go to extremes to impress the others and they take more chances.

d. leaders of groups are usually dominant people so they can persuade people to do what they do not want to do.

c.

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49

How do cancer cells differ from normal cells?

a. They are immortal

b. They can reproduce as many times as they want

c. They do not have to be positioned in their proper region due to physical differences of the surface of the cell

d. A, b, and c

e. Both a and b

d.

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50

I focus mostly on insight and behaviour therapy, I usually help individuals reintegrate into the community after being hospitalized for periods of time. Who am I?

a. Psychiatric nurse

b. Psychiatrist

c. Clinical social worker

d. Counsellor

c.

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51

Jessie has been having a very hard time lately, she has been going to a counselor for a while to work on techniques to keep her mindset positive. Unfortunately, this has not seemed to work. Jessie believes that maybe the next step would be to take antidepressants, who would provide this service for Jessie?

a. Counselling psychologist

b. Psychiatrist

c. Clinical psychologist

d. Psychotherapist

e. Psychiatric nurse

b.

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52

Pam is a third grade teacher who wants to play a game with her class. This game includes her putting an image up on the board and getting the kids to yell out the first word it makes them think of. If we were to relate this to terms used in therapy, what tactic is most similar to what Pam is doing with her students?

a. Interpretation

b. Client-centred therapy

c. Group therapy

d. Free association

d.

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53

Select below what is no longer used consistently in modern psychodynamic theories:

a. Discussion of past experiences, especially events in early childhood

b. Analysis of interpersonal relationships

c. Focus on emotional experience

d. Attempt of the therapist to explain the significance of the client’s thoughts, feelings, memories, and behaviours

e. Exploration of efforts to avoid distressing thoughts and feelings

d.

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54

Picture a situation where you are a therapist and Carl Rogers is secretly watching your session, out of all of your actions, which one would he be unhappy with?

a.  You fostering an environment where your patient feels comfortable to be completely honest with you

b. You reminding the patient that you never judge them for their actions

c. You ask questions to take the time to understand the point of view of the patient

d. You provide feedback to help clients sour out feelings

e. After carefully listening and understanding what the patient’s issue is, you recommend they try a mindfulness tactic to help them

e.

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55

There are a few therapies that are inspired by positive psychology, choose below which description of a the therapy that was not inspired by positive psychology

a. Therapy that emphasized the recovery of unconscious conflict, motives, and defences

b. Therapy that seeks to enhance clients’ self-acceptance

c. Therapy that explores what needs to be maintained and or enhanced in the person’s life to improve it

d. Therapy that attempts to get clients to recognize their strengths, practice forgiveness, and find meaning in their life

a.

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56

Choose below the advantages of group therapy:

a. It offers the idea that you are not the only one suffering

b. It is a way of providing social support

c. It allows the participants to see people suffering with different problems and gives you a new perspective

d. A, b, and c

e. Only a and b

e.

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57

Select below what is a component of social skills training:

a. Client is encouraged to watch socially skilled friends to learn appropriate responses, and to also observe non-socially skilled friends to learn what are not good responses

b. The therapist sets up an exercise where the client tries to behave in the social situation, the therapist does not provide feedback and lets the client learn by comparing their behaviour to other socially acceptable behaviour

c.  Once the client has successfully completed a role-playing exercise, he or she is expected to go out and put themselves in real social situations and to go back to the therapist to share and then the therapist will give feedback.

d. None of the above

d.

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58

Choose below what would be goals of cognitive behavioural therapy:

a. Changing the mindset of someone who is depression-prone to think more positively

b. Getting someone who experiences social-anxiety to actively dismiss the thoughts of worry tied to social situations

c. Getting a client to only eat when they are actually hungry, and to recognize when they think they are ‘hungry’  because they are bored, are in a context where they’d normally eat, or more.

d. Getting someone to be able to accept when something is out of their control, and to not be hard on themselves if they mess up

e. All of the above

e.

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59

Cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia includes all except…

a. Restricting time in bed if it's not time to go to sleep

b. Reduce belief that you cannot sleep well

c. Learn how to let go and not control your heart rate and muscle tension and let your body take you into a relaxation state

d. Being able to employ relaxation techniques

e. Letting go of the worry of not being able to fall asleep

c.

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60

As a therapist, Marah prefers when her clients talk to her, allowing them to explore the nature of the client’s difficulties together ino order to find a possible solution. What type of therapy does Marah use with her clients?

a. Biomedical

b. Psychoanalytic

c. Behaviour

d. Insight

d.

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61

There are many reasons as to why people do not seek help for any type of mental health issue. What is the most common issue that stops people from seeking treatment?

a. Money

b. Discomfort in group therapy settings

c. Underestimating the severity of their symptoms

d. Social stigma

d.

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62

Select below who does not directly kill foreign invaders:

a. Cytotoxic cells

b. B cells

c. T helper cells

d. Natural killer cells

e. Macrophages

f. Both b and c

f.

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63

During a therapy session, Yousef became defensive about some of the insights his therapist shared because those insights caused Yousef to experience painful conflicts he had been suppressing. What is Yousef  experiencing at this point in his therapy?

a. Resistance

b. Free association

c. Interpretation

d. Transference

a.

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64

Mabel has been afraid of dogs since a dog bit her when she tried to hug it. When she is walking with her mother and they encounter a dog, Mabel's mother asks the owner if they can pet the dog, holds out her hand so the dog smells it, and then touches the dog gently on its head. What type of observational learning technique is Mabel's mother using?

a. Cognitive

b. Shaping

c. Modeling

d. Behavioural rehearsal

c.

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65

Growing up you had a friend that would always believe that their parents would only love them if they got good grades in school and that no one would like them if they got bad grades. Having gone through your first year of psychology and knowing what you know now, what would you classify your friend’s thinking as?

a. Behavioural modification

b. An irrational belief

c. A catharsis

d. An aversive conditioned response

b.

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66

Tracy has always avoided all types of social interaction. This stems from a worry of being judged and criticized. She feels inferior to most people and thinks that people agree with that. This is an example of…

a. Antisocial personality disorder

b. Avoidant personality disorder

c. Agoraphobia

d. Social anxiety disorder

b.

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67

Jason always thinks that people around him will end up betraying him and that he is never good enough. On top of this, he always thinks the presidents elected suck, and that our world is a terrible place that is going to crap. According to a known cognitive therapist, what would he say Jason has?

a. A lack of interpersonal learning

b. A need for structural change

c. Negative cognitive triad

d. Consequence mindset

c.

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68

Becca started attending family therapy with her parents. Throughout these sessions Becca has expressed to her parents that she feels that the conflicts her parents have sometimes get redirected towards her. What action should the therapist take to identify, recognize, and address the primary conflict to resolve it?

a. Validation

b. Reframing

c. Structural change

d. De-triangulation

d.

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69

Becca is 12 years old and notices a pretty lip-gloss at Walmart. When her mom isn’t looking, she puts the lip-gloss in her pocket. Years later, Becca still feels incredibly guilty for what she did, and has sworn to never steal or take anything without permission again. What is this an example of?

a. Self-serving bias

b. False consensus

c. Correspondence bias

d. Cognitive dissonance

e. Belief in a just world

d.

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70

Randy is so confused, his girlfriend Mary has been acting weird lately, as if she is not completely herself. Mary is normally wild and impulsive and loves adventure. Occasionally, Mary seems way more anxious, cautious, and would rather stay in. He also notices a bit of change in speech, she seems to have a bit of a lisp. Usually Mary drinks her coffee black, but last time she was acting overly cautious and not like her, Randy noticed she drank a tea, which she would normally hate. Based on these symptoms, which disorder is Mary displaying?

a. General Anxiety Disorder

b. Schizophrenia

c. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

d. Dissociative Identity Disorder

d.

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71

Liam is the highest tipped waiter in the restaurant that you work at. This is because whenever a new table comes in, he changes his personality as much as needed to please/impress whoever is dining. What is this an example of?

a. Impression Management

b. Role playing

c. Self-serving bias

d. Cognitive dissonance

e. Belief in a just world

b.

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72

Choose below what is an example of the self-serving bias. Bonus: find what the other answers are examples of for a challenge!

a.  You are late to a very important interview and you blame it on the traffic (not because you took too long to choose an outfit) but you still get the job which you believe is because of your amazing interview skills

b. Your grandmother thinks that karma will always prevail.

c. You are in a new neuroscience class, and you find someone similar to your age and ask them what they know about the class, to compare your knowledge

d. You walk by a homeless man on the street and automatically assume that it must have been his lack of work ethic that got him there and not other factors such as poor living conditions as a child or more.

a.

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73

Ursula is a bit hard to get along with. She always says what's on her mind whether it is the right thing to say or not. On top of this, she is very expressive and never hides her emotions. Ursula knows that what she says is sometimes not okay but most people slip up, and she does it because she has had a bad day at work or something, and other people probably do it because they are just genuinely mean people. What is true about Ursula?

a. Ursula is a low self-monitor

b. Ursula employs the method of role-playing for self-presentation

c. Ursula uses the actor-observer effect

d. All of the above

e. Both a and c

e.

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74

Although the mask mandates have been lifted, I still wear a mask into any public area if I see other people wearing masks as well. Although I am not worried for my own health, I feel like if I do not wear a mask others who are wearing a mask will judge me. What is this an example of?

a. Informational social influence

b. Social roles

c. Normative social influence

d. Compliance

c.

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75

Based on the description of these people, who is the least likely to conform?

a. Person 1: Competitive and has big goals to achieve, has run his own business for years

b. Person 2: Has a low self-esteem and is very conscientious of the people around him

c. Person 3:  Has big goals to achieve, is high in leadership, cares about what other people think of him

d. Person 4: High self esteem but cannot do public speaking or run a group

a.

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76

Select below what factor does NOT promote disobedience:

a. A subject see’s other subjects not listen to the rules

b. The person running the study stutters and questions himself a lot when giving the directions and when trying to get the subjects to do what they need to do

c. The ‘victim’ is in front of the subject who must shock him, and they had a great discussion before the session about football and family life

d. The subject cannot see the victim that he must shock, and does not know his name

d.

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77

The professor is trying to find ways to get the student to stop social loafing in the group. Select what will help minimize social loafing?

a. He breaks the groups into two smaller groups

b. The professor makes sure the individual is working on a component that he finds interesting

c. The professor threatens the group saying if it is not done well he will not sign off on their participation sheet

d. All of the above

e. None of these

d.

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78

Being in an in-group, how are you more likely to view individuals from an out-group?

a. That they are all the same

b. That you wouldn't help them as much or at all if they needed support compared to members of your ingroup

c. You do not care for their successes, so you do not feel competitive towards the out-group

d. Both a and b

e. All of the above

d.

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79

Select what statement about Prejudice/Stereotypes/Discrimination is wrong:

a. An example of discrimination is being a cake baking company and denying to bake a cake for a gay couple.

b. An example of Stereotypes is believing that women are more emotional and weaker than men, so they cannot work important jobs

c. Prejudice is the affective component, and is the label for the attitude

d. An example of prejudice is seeing someone with bright pink hair and piercings and believing that anyone with pink hair and piercings are not intelligent and dramatic

d.

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80

Josslyn has always had a curiosity about why people care so much about being like others. Why should people want to fit in? She decided that she wanted formal training in this area so she decided to study psychology. Her major in psychology was

a. Educational

b. Cognitive

c. Social

d. Humanistic

c.

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81

People make attributions…

a. To learn why they do what they do.

b. To prove others wrong

c. To show they are better than others.

d. Because of a strong need to understand the world around them

d.

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82

Distinguishing between individualism and collectivism shows that…

a. women are more likely to be collectivists and men lean more toward individualism.

b. individualism is a part of eastern culture and collectivism is a western world characteristic.

c. collectivism is seen in more poverty-stricken areas while individualism is seen more in the upper/middle class.

d. individualism attributes their behaviors to themselves, and collectivism means attributing successes and failures to a group.

d.

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83

The bystander effect is when…

a. people do not help in a situation because there are other people around.

b. bystanders are not allowed to aid in an emergency.

c. bystanders will be charged if they do not help.

d. bystanders always help when needed.

a.

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84

Polarization within a group means that…

a. the strengthening of an opinion because the group forms a consensus.

b. They polarize against each other, and the group slowly dissolves.

c. they polarize themselves from everyone else and do not associate with others.

d. they begin to argue and fall into cliques.

a.

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85

Choose which personality disorder does not belong in the same cluster. (Bonus: name which cluster your answer belongs to as well as what the other cluster is).

a. Histrionic personality disorder

b. Narcissistic personality disorder

c. Borderline personality disorder

d. Antisocial personality disorder

e. Schizotypal personality disorder

e.

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86

What is the purpose of defence mechanisms, according to Freudian theory?

a. to constructively cope with stress

b. to resolve guilty feelings

c. to work through problems

d. to deceive oneself

e. to enhance self-insight

d.

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87

What does the research have to say about the general effect of everyday problems and the minor nuisances of life?

a. Minor stresses produce only minor stress effects.

b. Minor stresses have negative effects only when coupled with major stresses.

c. Minor stresses often have significant harmful effects on mental health, but do not affect physical health.

d. Minor stresses often have significant harmful effects on physical health, but do not affect mental health.

e. Minor stresses may have significant harmful effects on both physical and mental health.

e.

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88

You may not enjoy studying for the exams in this course, but you do like the better grades that result from studying. The mixed feelings that you have when you try to get yourself to study are an example of which of the following?

a. A frustration

b. A primary appraisal

c. An approach-avoidance conflict

d. An approach-approach conflict

e. A secondary appraisal

c.

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89

Your roommate is extremely ambitious, and spends long hours at work. They have been in their current job for 12 months, and they have told everyone that if they don't get the highest evaluation in the company at the next year-end performance review they will quit and look for a better job. Your roommate is always very impatient and always in a hurry. At work, they are impatient and get extremely angry with any co-workers who don't have their work done on time. Which of the following best describes your roommate?

a. They have the Hardy personality

b. They have Type A personality

c. They have a Dependent personality disorder

d. They have the Stress-is-debilitating mindset

e. They have Type B personality

b.

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90

What is NOT a consequence associated with the release of catecholamines in the body?

a. heart rate increases

b. respiration rate increases

c. oxygen consumption increases

d. visual sensitivity increases

e. digestive processes speed up

e.

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91

During primary appraisal, individuals:

a. interpret whether an event involves a threat to their goals.

b. determine whether the conflict is approach or avoidance.

c. first determine if the stressor is internal or external.

d. determine how effectively they can cope with the event.

e. evaluate their resources.

a.

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92

Research on self-esteem and social support in relationships has demonstrated which of the following?

a. Individuals with low self-esteem may work to isolate themselves from their partners.

b. Individuals with low self-esteem actively elicit positive feedback from their partners.

c. Individuals with low self-esteem prefer not to get social support from their partners.

d. Individuals with low self-esteem are particularly welcoming of positive feedback from their partners.

e. Individuals with low self-esteem only respond positively to negative feedback from their partners.

a.

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93

Which statement does NOT accurately describe the fight-or-flight response?

a. Most modern current human stressors cannot be handled through fighting or fleeing.

b. The fight-or-flight response is mediated by the sympathetic nervous system.

c. Fight-or-flight is an adaptive response for most members of the animal kingdom.

d. This autonomic response is most likely a "leftover" from humankind's evolutionary past.

e. Human stresses generally pass too quickly for the fight-or-flight response to be an effective coping mechanism.

e.

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94

The optimal level of arousal for task performance:

a. is high for tasks that are very easy or very difficult, and low for tasks of medium difficulty

b. relates more to personal makeup than to the task

c. increases as the tasks become more complex

d. is about the same from one task to another

e. decreases as the tasks become more complex

e.

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95

You and your roommate both have the same Chemistry midterm next week. Normally, you and your roommate both find chemistry to be challenging, but you both work hard and you both excel in the course. You are not feeling stressed about the upcoming midterm because you have had adequate time to prepare; the Chemistry midterm is the only school deadline you have next week, and you were able to take time off work to study. In contrast, your roommate is very stressed about the Chemistry midterm. Your roommate has four other midterms next week and they weren't able to get time off work, so they haven't had adequate time to study. This difference in stress levels is due to a difference in which of the following?

a. Primary appraisal

b. Secondary appraisal

c. Constructive coping

d. A stress-is-debilitating mindset

e. Learned helplessness

b.

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96

You know for a fact that your best friend is an amazingly dedicated and hard-working employee – and you also know that they are incredibly loving, caring, and selfless in their relationship with their significant other. But your best friend was just passed by for a promotion at work, and they are engaging in self-blame where they feel that they weren't a good enough employee, and they feel that they will never be good enough for the promotion. They were also recently dumped by their significant other, and your best friend is engaging in self-blame where they feel that they were the cause of the breakup because they weren't attentive enough, and they feel that they won't ever be able to find someone to love them. Your friend's behaviour is consistent with which of the following?

a. A pessimistic explanatory style

b. Expressed emotion

c. Delusions of grandeur

d. Delusions of persecution

e. Rumination

a.

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97

Your co-worker is highly competitive, and they get very angry if anyone criticizes them. They constantly dominate all work meetings, and they manipulate others, especially friends and other co-workers. They always need to have everyone else recognize their accomplishments, and they get upset if they perceive that their co-workers aren't giving them enough praise. Based on this, it is likely that your co-worker has which of the following?

a. Paranoid personality disorder

b. Narcissistic personality disorder

c. Histrionic personality disorder

d. Borderline personality disorder

e. Schizoid personality disorder

b.

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98

What is the term used to describe the behaviour where you need to check your alarm clock 20 times before going to sleep?

a. compulsive

b. obsessive

c. dissociative

d. dysmorphic

e. phobic

a.

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99

Which of the following is a symptom that would be associated with a manic episode and would not be associated with a depressive episode?

a. socially withdrawn

b. insomnia

c. feelings of worthlessness

d. impulsive behaviour

e. altered appetite

d.

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100

Your friend seems to be in a continuous state of anxiety, though they are unable to identify the source of their feelings. They report feeling anxious and worried about a number of things in their life, including their work, family, and even managing to get their household chores done. They also report that they are tired, tense, and irritable, and that this has been going on for several months. Your friend most likely suffers from which of the following?

a. Post-traumatic stress disorder

b. Agoraphobia

c. Generalized anxiety disorder

d. Panic disorder

e. Dependent personality disorder

c.

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