MSK Chapter 4 - ALL

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

cranial and facial skeleton

1 / 321

Tags and Description

322 Terms

1

cranial and facial skeleton

what are the two parts of the skull?

New cards
2

brain, cranial meninges, cranial nerves, blood vessels

what does the cranial skeleton contain?

New cards
3

front bone, parietal bones, temporal bones, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid bone

what bones make up the cranial skeleton?

New cards
4

foramen magnum

passageway from skull to spinal column

New cards
5

spinal cord and meninges, vertebral arteries, anterior and posterior spinal arteries, spinal accessory nerve

what are the contents of the foramen magnum?

New cards
6

sphenoid bone

what bone forms the base of the cranium?

New cards
7

sphenoid bone

one bone that expands across the face of the cranium

New cards
8

ethmoid bone

sits in front of the sphenoid bone at the roof of the nose between the two orbits

New cards
9

separates the nasal cavity from the brain

New cards
10

lacriminal bones, nasal bones, maxillae, zygomatic bones, palatine, nasal conchae, mandible, vomer

what bones make up the facial skeleton

New cards
11

orbits, nasal cavities, jaw

what are the main components of the viscerocranium?

New cards
12

lacriminal bone

smallest bone in the face

New cards
13

lacriminal bone

articulates with the inferior nasal concha, ethmoid, frontal, and maxillary bones

New cards
14

lacriminal bones

located on the medial side of the orbit

New cards
15

nasal bone

forms the bridge of the nose

New cards
16

front bone superiorly, ethmoid bone, frontal process of maxilla posteriorly

what bones does the nasal bone articulate with

New cards
17

maxilla

forms the floor of the orbits, the sides and lower walls of the nasal cavities, and the hard palate

New cards
18

zygomatic bones

cheek bones

New cards
19

make up part of the eye orbit

New cards
20

maxilla, temporal bone, sphenoid bone, and frontal bone

what bones does the zygomatic bone articulate with

New cards
21

palatine bones

pair of bones that help make up the upper palate

New cards
22

maxillae

what bone does the palatine bone articulate with?

New cards
23

nasal conchae

scroll-shaped bony elements forming the upper chambers of the nasal cavities

New cards
24

vomer

forms the inferior part of the nasal septum

New cards
25

ethmoid bone superiorly and palatine bone inferiorly

what bones does the vomer articulate with

New cards
26

frontal, zygomatic, maxilla, lacriminal, ethmoid, sphenoid, palatine

what bones make up the orbit of the eye?

New cards
27

7

how many bones make up the orbit of the eye?

New cards
28

malleus, incus, stapes

what are the bones of the inner ear?

New cards
29

temporomandibular joint

only voluntarily moveable joints of the skull

New cards
30

hinge joint

what kind of joint is the temporomandibular joint?

New cards
31

elevation/depression, protrusion/retrusion, lateral excursion

what motions occur at the temporomandibular joints?

New cards
32

temporalis, masseter, lateral/medial pterygoid

what are the muscles of mastication?

New cards
33

trigeminal nerve

what nerve innervates the muscles of mastication?

New cards
34

facial expression, chewing and moving food in mouth, closing eyelids, and neck movement

what are the main functions of the facial muscles?

New cards
35

Skin, Connective Tissue, Aponeurosis, Loose Connective Tissue, Pericranium

what components make up the scalp?

New cards
36

dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater

what are the 3 layers oof the meninges?

New cards
37

middle meningeal artery

what is located in the epidural space?

New cards
38

veins

what is located in the subdural space?

New cards
39

cerebrospinal fluid

what is located in the subarachnoid space

New cards
40

cerebrum

largest part of the brain

New cards
41

cerebral cortex

location of highest mental and behavioral activity control

New cards
42

conscious and unconscious skeletal muscle contraction

New cards
43

frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal

what are the 4 cerebral lobes

New cards
44

frontal lobe

conscious control of skeletal muscles, planning behavior, language production

New cards
45

parietal lobe

conscious perception of touch, pressure, vibration, pain, temperature and taste, spatial orientation, language, and comprehension

New cards
46

occipital lobe

conscious perception of visual stimuli

New cards
47

temporal loobe

conscious perception of auditory and olfactory stimuli

New cards
48

frontal lobe

where is the primary motor cortex located?

New cards
49

parietal lobe

where is the primary sensory cortex located?

New cards
50

occipital lobe

where is the visual cortex located?

New cards
51

temporal lobe

where are the auditory and olfactory cortices located?

New cards
52

cerebellum

part of the brain that controls coordination of movements and regulation of posture and reflexes

New cards
53

diencephalon

part of the brain that relays and processes sensory information as well as controls autonomic functions and hormone regulation

New cards
54

brainstem

most inferior part of the brain

New cards
55

brainstem

autonomic control oof respiration, heart rate, etc

New cards
56

midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata

what are the three parts of the brain stem?

New cards
57

12

how many pairs of cranial nerves are there?

New cards
58

olfactory nerve

cranial nerve 1

New cards
59

smell

function of the olfactory nerve

New cards
60

optic nerve

cranial nerve 2

New cards
61

vision

function of the optic nerve

New cards
62

occulomotor nerve

cranial nerve 3

New cards
63

trochlear nerve

cranial nerve 4

New cards
64

abducens nerve

cranial nerve 6

New cards
65

eye movement

function of occulomotor, trochlear, and abducens nerve

New cards
66

trigeminal nerve

cranial nerve 5

New cards
67

face movement and sensation

function oof trigeminal nerve

New cards
68

facial nerve

cranial nerve 7

New cards
69

face movement and sensation

function of facial nerve

New cards
70

vestibulocochlear nerve

cranial nerve 8

New cards
71

hearing and vestibular sensation

function of vestibulocochlear nerve

New cards
72

glossopharyngeal nerve

cranial nerve 9

New cards
73

taste and speech

function of glossopharyngeal nerve

New cards
74

vagus nerve

cranial nerve 10

New cards
75

taste, speech, visceral function

function of vagus nerve

New cards
76

spinal accessory nerve

cranial nerve 11

New cards
77

hypoglossal nerve

cranial nerve 12

New cards
78

cranial nerves 7, 9, 10

cranial nerves associated with sensory taste

New cards
79

cranial nerve 8

cranial nerve associated with hearing and balance

New cards
80

cranial nerves 7, 9, 10

cranial nerves associated with sensation of external ear

New cards
81

cranial nerves 9 and 10

nerves associated with sensation of carotid body, pharynx, and larynx

New cards
82

cranial nerves 3, 4, 6

nerves associated with eye muscles

New cards
83

cranial nerve 12

nerve associated with tongue movement

New cards
84

cranial nerve 11

nerve associated with trapezius

New cards
85

cranial nerve 5

nerve associated with mastication

New cards
86

cranial nerve 7

nerve associated with facial expression

New cards
87

cranial nerves 9 and 10

nerves associated with speech and swallowing

New cards
88

cranial nerve 3

nerve associated with pupil contraction and lens accommodation

New cards
89

cranial nerve 7

nerve associated with submandibular and sublingual glands

New cards
90

cranial nerve 9

nerve associated with parotid glands

New cards
91

cranial nerve 10

nerve associated with upper gastrointestinal tract

New cards
92

flexion/extension, lateral flexion/extension, rotation

what motions occur at the spine?

New cards
93

cervical spine

which part of the spine does flexion/extension occur?

New cards
94

thoracic spine

which part of the spine does lateral flexion occur?

New cards
95

lumbar spine

which part of the spine does rotation occur?

New cards
96

33

how many total vertebrae are there?

New cards
97

7

How many cervical vertebrae are there?

New cards
98

12

How many thoracic vertebrae are there?

New cards
99

5

how many lumbar vertebrae are there?

New cards
100

5 fused vertebrae

How many sacral vertebrae are there?

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 85 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(10)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 97 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard26 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 93 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard110 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 155 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 182 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)