bio midterm

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton?

1 / 280

Tags and Description

Biology

281 Terms

1

How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton?

126

New cards
2

Parts that make up the appendicular skeleton

The pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle, the upper and lower limbs.

New cards
3

The Pectoral girdle consists of

The clavicle and scapula

New cards
4

Clavicle

Collar bone that attaches to the sternum and scapula.

New cards
5

Scapula

Shoulder blade that attaches to the clavicle and upper limb bone.

New cards
6

What forms the shoulder?

head of humerus and glenoid cavity of scapula

New cards
7

Pelvic Girdle is composed of

Two os coxa

New cards
8

Each os coxa has?

Allium, Ischium and Pubic bone

New cards
9

The ilium attaches to

The sacrum at the iliac crest.

New cards
10

What joins the 2 pubic bones

Pubic symphysis

New cards
11

Joints of the pelvic girdle

The sacroiliac joint, pubic symphsis, acetabulum

New cards
12

What is the acetabulum?

The socket that attaches to the head of the femur.

New cards
13

Parts of the arm( upper limb)

Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Carpals, Metacarpals and phalanges.

New cards
14

Parts of the leg (lower limbs)

Femur, Tibia, Fibula, Patella, Tarsals, Calcaneous, Metatarsals and plalanges

New cards
15

What makes up the integumentary system?

Skin, Hair, Glands, Nails, Nerves

New cards
16

The skin consists of:

The Dermis and Epidermis

New cards
17

Characteristic of the Epidermis

-Made up of keratinized Squamous epithelium -Made up of epithelial tissues from the ectoderm. -Avascular -Has thick and thin skin.

New cards
18

The Layers of the Epidermis

stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum.

New cards
19

statum basale

Bottom layer of the epidermis that is made of melanocyte and keratinocytes and gets its nutrients from the blood.

New cards
20

stratum spinosum

Epidermis Layer that's several layers thick and has limited cell division happening.

New cards
21

stratum granulosum

Epidermis layer that is 3-5 layers with dark granules and no blood supply.

New cards
22

Stratum Lucidium

epidermis layer with 2-3 flat, dead cell layers that's very apparent in thick skin.

New cards
23

stratum corneum

The glycolipid outermost layer of the epidermis that protects and retains moisture.

New cards
24

Thin SKin

Layer of the skin that has hair follicles, sweat and sebaceous glands.

New cards
25

Thick Skin

Has no hair follicles, no hair or sebaceous glands, found on the palm or sole of feet.

New cards
26

Characteristics of the Dermis

-Made of connective tissue proper. -Consists of fibroblasts, fibrocytes and matrix.

New cards
27

The Two layers of the Dermis

The reticular layer and the papillary layer.

New cards
28

The Papillary Layer

Vascular layer of the dermis made of loose, areolar connective tissue and has dermal papillae and dermal ridges.

New cards
29

dermal papillae

Upward fingerlike extensions that go in the epidermis.

New cards
30

dermal ridges

Structure below the dermal papillae that forms finger prints and has sweat pores.

New cards
31

The Reticular Layer

Furthest layer that's made of dense irregular tissue that makes up most of the dermis.

New cards
32

What forms after the dermis is torn and white scars (striae) forms?

Stretch Marks

New cards
33

Structures in the Dermis

Hair follicles, Sebaceous and Sudireferous glands, Sensory receptors and Arrector Pili Muscles

New cards
34

Contraction of erector pili forms

Goosebumps

New cards
35

Hypodermis

the connective tissue layer under the dermis that stores fat. and

New cards
36

Where in the skin is Melanin found

Between the stratum basale and Stratum Spinosum.

New cards
37

Structures derived from the epidermis

Hair, Nails and Exocrine glands (sebaceous, sudoriferous, ceruminous and mammary)

New cards
38

Characteristics of Hair

-Made of dead keratinized cells. -Hair shaft is above skin surface. -Hair root is below skin surface.

New cards
39

hair follicle

sac within which each hair grows

New cards
40

hair papilla

Small piece of dermal tissue that protrudes into the hair bulb.

New cards
41

root hair plexus

Hair nerve ending

New cards
42

Nails are made of

keratinized epidermal cells found in the stratum corneum

New cards
43

sebaceous glands

Gland that produces sebum/oil to lubricate the hair and skin.

New cards
44

ceruminous glands

Modified sweat glands that makes ear wax.

New cards
45

mammary glands

Modified sweat glands that produces milk.

New cards
46

suderiferous glands

Gland that produces sweat, which cools the body, works as antibiotic( lysozyme) and removes waste.

New cards
47

cutaneous sense receptors

Nerve endings found in the skin that respond to stimuli.

New cards
48

touch receptors

Nerve endings that detect touch on your skin

New cards
49

Example of touch receptors

Meissner's corpuscles

New cards
50

pressure receptors

Nerve endings that respond to pressure on your skin.

New cards
51

Example of Pressure receptors

Pacinian corpules

New cards
52

Thermoreceptors

Nerve endings that detects cold and hot.

New cards
53

Nociceptors

Nerve endings that detect pain

New cards
54

frontal bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
55

parietal bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
56

temporal bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
57

occipital bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
58

sphenoid bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
59

ethmoid bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
60

mandible

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
61

maxilla

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
62

palatine bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
63

zygomatic bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
64

lacrimal bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
65

nasal bone

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
66

vomer

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
67

sagittal suture

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
68

coronal suture

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
69

lambdoidal suture

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
70

squamous suture

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
71

external auditory meatus

Name this opening.

<p>Name this opening.</p>
New cards
72

mastoid process

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
73

zygomatic arch

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
74

styloid process

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
75

sella turcica

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
76

occipital condyle

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
77

zygomatic process of temporal bone

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
78

foramen magnum

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
79

foramen ovale

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
80

foramen spinosum

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
81

foramen lacerum

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
82

jugular foramen

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
83

carotid canal

Name this opening. BONUS

<p>Name this opening. BONUS</p>
New cards
84

sacrum

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
85

coccyx

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
86

spinous process

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
87

vertebral foramen

Name this opening.

<p>Name this opening.</p>
New cards
88

transverse process

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
89

atlas

Name the bone.

<p>Name the bone.</p>
New cards
90

axis

Name the bone.

<p>Name the bone.</p>
New cards
91

dens

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
92

hyoid bone

Name the bone.

<p>Name the bone.</p>
New cards
93

manubrium

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
94

body of the sternum (gladiolus)

Name this bone.

<p>Name this bone.</p>
New cards
95

xiphoid process

Name the structure.

<p>Name the structure.</p>
New cards
96

auditory ossicles

malleus, incus, stapes

New cards
97

Function of the hyoid bone

Attach muscles of the tongue, neck and pharynx.

New cards
98

Each vertebral column has

A body, Lamina, Pedicle, Vertebral arch, Vertebral foramen, Spinous process, transverse process, superior and inferior articular processes.

New cards
99

5 Regions of the Vertebral column

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx

New cards
100

How many vertebrae in the cervical region

7

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 39 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 189 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 156 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard51 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard124 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard101 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard55 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard170 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard153 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard150 terms
studied byStudied by 37 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)