Med Term CHP 16

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Which of the following is NOT a function of skin?

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Medicine

156 Terms

1

Which of the following is NOT a function of skin?

absorption

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2

Which layer of the skin contains lots of fat?

subcutaneous layer

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3

Which layer of the skin contains connective tissue and lots of collagen?

dermis

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4

From superficial to deep, the layers of the skin are

epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer

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5

Which layer of the skin contains keratin?

epidermis

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6

Which of the following is NOT true of the epidermis?

it is highly vascularized

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7

Keratin makes epidermal cells

tough and waterproof

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8

Stratified squamous cells make up the

epidermis

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9

Squamous cells are

flat and scale-like

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10

Epidermal cells accumulate a hard protein called _______ in their cytoplasm

keratin

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11

A(n) __________ makes the pigment that gives the skin its color.

melanocyte

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12

People who cannot form melanin suffer from

albinism

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13

________ is the pigment that gives skin color.

melanin

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14

Melanin protects the skin by

absorbing UV radiation

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15

Which of the following are NOT found in the dermis?

keratinocytes

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16

_______ fibers act like glue to hold the skin together.

collagen

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17

An adipocyte is

a fat cell

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18

Which of the following is NOT true of the subcutaneous layer?

it contain keratinocytes

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19

Fat cells are called

adipocytes

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20

Hairs grow in tubes called

hair follicles

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21

The color of hair is caused by

melanin

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22

Hair cells are filled with the hard protein

keratin

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23

The hardness of a nail comes from

keratin

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24

The nail plate rests on the

nail bed

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25

The _____ is a narrow band of epidermis that connects the nail to the finger

Cuticle

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26

Sebum is a(n)

lipid(oil)

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27

A _______ gland produces sebum.

sebaceous

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28

Sebaceous glands are closely associated with

hair follicles

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29

Sebum functions to

lubricate the skin

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30

A(n) _______ sweat gland is activated by elevated body temperatures and is active throughout your lifetime.

eccrine

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31

The opening of a sweat gland is a(n)

pore

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32

A(n) _______ sweat gland is activated during puberty and secretes products that are broken down by bacteria creating odor.

apocrine

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33

Sweat functions to

cool the body

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34

combining form that means: \n sebum

seb/o

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35

What does lute/o mean?

yellow

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36

What does onych/o mean?

nail

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37

ombining form that means: \n to heat or to burn (verb)

cauter/o

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38

combining form that means: \n burn or burning (noun)

caus/o

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39

What does xanth/o mean?

yellow

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40

What does kerat/o mean?

hard

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41

What does py/o mean?

pus

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42

What does melan/o mean?

black

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43

What does lip/o mean?

fat

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44

combining form that means: \n wrinkle

rhytid/o

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45

What does derm/o mean?

skin

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46

What is the combining form that means: \n plant

phyt/o

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47

What is the combining form that means: \n red

eythr/o

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48

What does ungu/o mean?

nail

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49

What does pil/o mean?

hair follicle

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50

What does diaphor/o mean?

profuse sweating

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51

What does dermat/o mean?

skin

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52

What does anthrac/o mean?

black

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53

What is the combining form that means: \n gray

Poli/o

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54

What does albin/o mean?

white

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55

What does cutane/o mean?

skin

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56

combining form that means: \n dry or scaly

ichthy/o

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57

What idoes erythemat/o mean?

redness

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58

What does hidr/o mean?

sweat

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59

What does trich/o mean?

hair

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60

What does erythem/o mean?

redness

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61

combining form that means: \n green

chlor/o

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62

What does leuk/o mean?

white

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63

What does jaund/o mean?

yellow

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64

combining form that means: \n blue

cyan/o

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65

What does xer/o mean?

dry

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66

combining form that means: \n fungus

myc/o

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67

combining form that means: \n tawny

cirrh/o

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68

What does squam/o mean?

scale-like

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69

What does adip/o mean?

fat

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70

combining form that means: \n rosy

eosin/o

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71

A burn causing epidermal and dermal lesions, erythema, blisters, and hyperesthesia is a

second-degree burn

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72

Deep, open sore on the skin or mucous membranes.

ulcer

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73

Thickened and rough lesion of the epidermis; associated with aging or skin damage.

keratosis

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74

A scar

cicatrix

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75

Chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.

acne

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76

Contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus commonly forming around the groin, nipples and skin between the fingers

scabies

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77

Groove or crack-like sore.

fissure

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78

Small, pinpoint hemorrhage.

petechia

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79

Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin.

papule

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80

Cancerous growth composed of melanocytes.

malignant melanoma

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81

Epidermal growth (wart) caused by a virus.

verruca

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82

Flat, pigmented lesion measuring less than 1 cm in diameter.

macuele

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83

Pigmented lesion of the skin (mole)

nevus

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84

A(n) ________ is an area of abnormal tissue anywhere on or in the body.

lesion

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85

White, thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek (evolves to squamous cell carcinoma).

leukoplakia

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86

Pruritus

itching

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87

Solid, round or oval elevated lesion 1 cm or more in diameter.

nodule

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88

Death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply.

gangrene

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89

Bluish-purplish mark (bruise) on the skin.

ecchymosis

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90

Abnormal condition of excessive keratin

ketosis

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91

Chronic progressive disease of the skin and internal organs with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.

scleroderma

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92

Infection of the skin caused by a fungus.

tinea

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93

Loss of pigment (depigmentation) in areas of the skin

vitiligo

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94

Acute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop on the skin.

uritcaria

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95

Chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales.

psoriasis

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96

Collection of dried serum and cellular debris.

crust

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97

Malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules.

kaposi sarcoma

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98

A burn causing superficial epidermal lesions, erythema, hyperesthesia, and no blisters is a

first-degree burn

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99

Premalignant (precursor) lesions in people with sun-damaged skin.

actinic keratosis

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100

Blackhead

open comedo

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