English Vocabulary Final

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100 Terms

1

abstruse

hard to understand

obscure, perplexing, incomprehensible

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2

amicable

characterized by or done in friendliness, without anger or bad feelings

friendly, good-natured, cooperative

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3

amiss

faulty, incorrect, inappropriate, or not as it should be

faulty, wrong, awry

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4

amity

friendliness and peaceful relations

harmony, companionship, goodwill

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5

amorous

showing or feeling romantic love or sexual attraction

ardent, passionate, lustful

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6

animosity

a feeling or spirit of hostility and resentment

hatred, hostility, loathing

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7

atone

to make reparation for a sin or a mistake

apologize, redeem, reconcile

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8

beguile

to win and hold somebody's attention, interest, or devotion; to mislead or deceive somebody

enchant, captivate, mesmerize

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9

bereft

deprived of somebody or something loved or valued; lacking in something desirable or necessary

devoid, deprived, left without

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10

besiege

to surround a city, building etc. to try and take control of it; to gather around someone in an aggressive way

blockade, surround, mob

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11

blatant

obtrusive and conspicuous in an offensive way, often intentionally

outright, shameless, impudent

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12

boorish

Rough and bad-mannered; coarse

crude, vulgar, uncivilized

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13

cadaverous

looking very thin or pale; resembling a corpse

ashen, corpse-like, sallow

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14

carrion

Dead and putrefying flesh; flesh unfit for food

Remains, corpse, body

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15

centrifugal

Physics: acting, moving, or pulling away from a center or axis; Politics: tending to disperse political or administrative power away from a central authority

diverging, spreading, diffusive

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16

chivalrous

1. courteous and considerate 2. relating to or reflecting the values of the medieval code of knighthood, especially courtesy, self-sacrifice, and a sense of fair play

courteous, respectful, gallant

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17

circuitous

lengthy because very indirect; roundabout

roundabout, tortuous, labyrinthine

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18

circumspect

taking into consideration all possible circumstances and consequences before acting

cautious, wary, guarded

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19

Clemency

mercy; the tendency to show mercy or leniency

mercy, leniency, indulgence

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20

cognomen

a nickname or name that describes somebody, e.g. "Billy the Kid"; a surname or family name, especially the third name given to a citizen of ancient Rome, e.g. "Cicero" in "Marcus Tullius Cicero"

alias, moniker, nickname

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21

coincide

to happen at or around the same time or to fall together at the same time

conjunction, accord, accompaniment

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22

colloquial

appropriate to, used in, or characteristic of spoken language or of writing that is used to create the effect of conversation

informal, conversational, everyday

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23

component

a part of something, usually of something bigger

ingredient, part, element

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24

concentric

describes circles and spheres of different sizes with the same middle point

coordinated, aligned, parallel

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25

concise

Using as few words as possible to give the necessary information, or compressed in order to be brief.

pithy, succinct, brief

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26

condolence

an expression of sorrow and sympathy, usually to somebody who is grieving over a death

sympathy, consolation, pity

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27

congestion

a state of overcrowding in a street or other area, making movement slow or difficult

obstruction, blockage, overcrowding

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28

contest

to challenge or question something

litigate, dispute, oppose

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29

cumbersome

awkward to carry or handle because of weight, size, or shape

clumsy, unwieldy, inconvenient

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30

curtail

to reduce the length or duration of something

reduce, trim, lessen

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31

decadences

the beat or measure of something such as a dance or a march that follows a set rhythm; the rise and fall of the voice during speech

rhythm, intonation, tempo

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32

decorum

Propriety and good taste in conduct or appearance

respectability,  demeanor, civility

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33

dilate

to become, or cause something to become, wider, larger, or stretched; to talk or write at great length

enlarge, widen, expand

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34

diverge

to move or extend in different directions from a common point; to become or be different; to turn aside from a path

deviate, separate, differ

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35

elegiac

Having a mournful quality (especially in a work of art)

melancholic, sorrowful, doleful

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36

eloquence

the ability to speak forcefully, expressively, and persuasively

fluency, expressiveness, articulateness

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37

elucidate

to explain or clarify something

explain, clarify, spell out

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38

enigma

like a riddle; somebody or something that is not easily explained or understood

mystery, puzzle, paradox

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39

entrenched

firmly held and hard to change

lodged, well-established, rooted

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40

epochs

A significant period in history or in somebody's life

period of time, span, era

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41

erratic

not predictable, regular, or consistent, especially in being likely to depart from expected standards at any time

unpredictable, variable, turbulent

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42

esoteric

Requiring or exhibiting knowledge that is restricted to a small group; difficult to understand

abstruse, obscure, abstract

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43

ethnocentric

a belief in or assumption of the superiority of the social or cultural group that a person belongs to

partiality, partisanship

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44

flaccid

soft, limp, or lacking firmness; lacking energy, enthusiasm, or competence

flabby, nerveless, sapped

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45

frank

open, honest, and sometimes forceful in expressing true feelings and opinions

candid, forthright, honest

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46

gauche

clumsy; lacking grace or tact in social situations

awkward, gawky, clumsy

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47

impediment

an impairment, especially one affecting speech; something that hinders progress

obstruction, hindrance, obstacle

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48

impudent

showing a lack of respect and excessive boldness

impertinent, cocky, brazen

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49

incorrigible

impossible or very difficult to correct or reform; impossible or very difficult to control or keep in order

hopeless, incurable, habitual

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50

indiscretion

lack of tact or good judgment; something said or done that is tactless or unwise

irresponsibility, incaution, imprudence

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51

inveterate

fixed in a habit or practice, especially a bad one; firmly established and of long standing

ingrained, habitual, deep-seated

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52

irrevocable

irreversible; impossible to revoke, undo, or change

unchangeable, final, irreversible,

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53

jostle

to come in contact or into collision; to make one’s way by pushing and shoving

jolt, collide, bump into

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54

laconic

using very few words

brief, concise, terse

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55

larceny

The unlawful taking of personal property with intent to deprive the rightful owner of it permanently

burglary, theft, robbery

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56

luminous

emitting or reflecting light; clear and easy to understand

brilliant, radiant, dazzling

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57

masticate

transitive and intransitive verb to grind and pulverize food inside the mouth, using the teeth and jaws

munch, crunch, chew

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58

menagerie

A varied mixture

exhibition, collection, assortment

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59

militant

extremely active in the defense or support of a cause, often to the point of extremism

aggressive, fierce, combative

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60

modicum

a small portion or limited quantity

smidgen, fragment, iota

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61

mortician

Funeral director

embalmer, undertaker, funeral manager

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62

mortuary

a room or building in which dead bodies are kept until they are buried or cremated

morgue, funeral home, funeral parlor

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63

nomenclature

a system of names assigned to objects or items in a particular science or art

classification, terminology, taxonomy

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64

nominal

acting or being something in name only, but not in reality; representing very little cost when compared with the actual value received

official, formal, titular

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65

noxious

harmful to life or health, especially by being poisonous

deadly, toxic, corrupting

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66

obdurate

stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action; unmoved by pity or tender feelings

stubborn, obstinate, unyielding

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67

obloquy

Strong public criticism or verbal abuse; disgrace brought about by public abuse.

vilification, condemnation, criticism

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68

orthodox

capitalized of, relating to, or constituting any of various conservative religious or political groups: such as \n a EASTERN ORTHODOX

formal, ceremonial, conventional

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69

ostentatious

marked by a vulgar display of wealth and success designed to impress people

flamboyant, flashy, showy

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70

patronizing

to give money or support to someone or something; to talk to someone in a way that shows you believe you are more intelligent or better that other people

condescend, talk down to, look down on

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71

placid

peaceful; tending or appearing to be calm and not easily excited, upset, or disturbed

peaceful, tranquil, calm

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72

poignant

Evoking a keen sense of sadness/regret or just general feelings.

heartbreaking, sentimental, emotional

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73

posthumous

Occurring, awarded, or appearing after the death of the originator

delayed, post-mortem, post-obituary

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74

prudent

having good sense in dealing with practical matters; using good judgment to consider likely consequences and act accordingly

wise, sensible, well advised

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75

pugilist

the practice, sport, or profession of boxing

fighter, boxer, contender

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76

pulchritude

physical beauty

allure, elegance, beauty

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77

qualm

a sudden feeling of uncertainty or apprehension, especially a misgiving about an action or conduct

anxiety, sudden uncertainty, second thoughts

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78

rendezvous

a meeting or appointment arranged for an agreed time and place

appointment, meeting, assignation

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79

reticent

not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily

reserved, withdrawn, uncommunicative

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80

ridiculing

to reduce or dismiss the importance or quality of somebody or something in a contemptuous way

mockery, scorn, contempt

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81

risible

completely unreasonable and not at all sensible or acceptable

ridiculous, laughable, absurd

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82

sanguine

cheerful and hopeful

optimistic, cheery, confident

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83

saturnine

Slow and gloomy in manner OR moody and mysterious in features

Somber, morose, dour

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84

semblance

a small amount of something; an outward appearance or imitation of something

façade, appearance, guise

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85

snivel

To behave in a whining, tearful, or self-pitying way; to sniff repeatedly

whimper, whine, weep

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86

sodden

Saturated with liquid, especially water; soaked through.

drenched, soaking, saturated

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87

stereotyped

An oversimplified standardized image of a person or group

lacking originality, conventional image, clich

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88

submerge

to put under water or to cover with water; to suppress

inundate, deluge, swamp

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89

supplication

a humble and sincere appeal to somebody who has the power to grant a request

appeal, request, plea

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90

tawdry

howy, but cheap and of poor quality

gaudy, flashy, loud

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91

titter

To laugh in a nervous,  affected, or partly suppressed manner, to giggle or to snicker

chuckle, snicker, twitter

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92

tractable

Easily managed or controlled; willing to learn or be guided by another

malleable, compliant, obedient

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93

translucent

allowing light to pass through, but only diffusely, so that objects on the other side cannot be clearly distinguished; having a glowing appearance, as if light were coming through

unblurred, clear, semi-transparent

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94

triumvirate

a group of three people who share a position or power

triad, trinity, trilogy

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95

unimpeachable

very reliable and trusted; not able to be doubted or questioned

trustworthy, dependable, reliable

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96

veracity

the truth, accuracy, or precision of something; the truthfulness or honesty of somebody

truthfulness, accuracy, fidelity

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97

verisimilitude

the appearance of being true or real; something that only appears to be true or real, e.g. a statement that is not supported by evidence

plausibility, lifelikeness, authenticity

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98

veritable

being truly or very much so: a veritable triumph; used to emphasize a figurative concept

authentic, genuine, real

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99

verity

the quality of being true or real

accuracy, truth, actuality

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100

whet

To make a feeling, sense, or desire more keen or intense. 2. To sharpen the cutting edge or blade of a tool or weapon, usually by rubbing it on a stone.

sharpen, hone, file

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