Health - Making Decisions and Setting Goals Chapter 2

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36 Terms
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decision making process

steps for making a healthy decision

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alternatives

courses of action that are different from the actions you are taking now.

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3
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collaborative decision making

process of working with others to make a decision.

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goal

a specific endpoint that signifies a condition one hopes to reach.

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short term goal

a goal you want to accomplish in the near future, within days or weeks.

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long term goal

requires more time, months or even years, to achieve. This may require achieving a series of short-term goals.

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values

qualities or priorities one considers important.

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8
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Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

regulates and ensures the safety of food, health products, and medications.

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healthcare

medical care that seeks to prevent and treat health conditions.

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specialist

Healthcare professionals who have additional training in treating certain types of diseases and disorders.

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inpatient facility

health care facilities in which patients reside for the duration of their treatment.

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

a patient must consent before their private health information can be shared.

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world health

health of the human population around the world.

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environmental justice

an aspect of community and world health that is concerned with populations exposed to harmful environmental and societal factors through no fault of their own.

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SMART goal

is a specific, measurable, achievable/attainable, relevant and timely goal.

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specific

clearly states what you want to accomplish.

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measurable

has results that can be clearly observed or quantified.

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achievable/attainable

can be realistically reached; what is your action plan?

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relevant

relates to who you are and what you want.

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timely

is achievable within a reasonable period of time.

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decide decision making

Define the decision or problem, Explore alternatives and options, Consider the consequences, Identify the BEST alternative, Decide and Act, Evaluate and Revise.

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health literacy

the ability to locate, evaluate, apply and communicate information pertaining to health. Your health and wellness depend on your ability to access reliable information.

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science

a body of knowledge based on observation and experimentation.

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pseudo science

theories and health claims that are described as science based when they are not.

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consumer

someone who purchases goods or services. be a wise one.

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health fraud

illegal activity related to health products and services. It may contain a claim to treat, diagnose, or cure a disease, when it has not been proven safe or effective.

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health promotion

process of advocating for the health of families and communities by sharing health information.

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primary care physician (PCP)

Health care professional who provides routine checkups, screenings, treatments, prescriptions, and preventative services.

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preventative healthcare

care that seeks to prevent health conditions from developing; includes annual physical, wellness checkup, vaccinations, and screenings.

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outpatient facility

health care facilities that patients visit for treatment then leave.

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public health

science based approach to protecting and improving the health of populations as a whole.

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community health

overall health of a group of people who live in the same area and interact with one another.

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community resource

an organization or program that helps the environment and people within a community.

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environmental and social factors

What are the factors that affect community health?

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environmental factors

including physical layout,food availability, safe water access, pollution, and population.

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social factors

social aspects of the community including access to healthcare, housing, safety and security, economic factors, sense of belonging, and people’s participation in community activities. The most important one affecting health is education

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