FILM Midterm

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the way parts work together to create an overall effect

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124 Terms

1

the way parts work together to create an overall effect

Form (film form)

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2

the way the camera moves, the arrangements of color in the frame, the use of music, and other devices

stylistic elements

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3

Patterns in film that create assumptions on what will happen.

formal expectations

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4

delays fulfilling expectation

Suspense

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5

the stylistic features of writing (e.g. grammar, usage, mechanics)

conventions

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6

(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design

Motif

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7

Sound that is logically heard during a scene, including dialogue, music and sound effects corresponding to what we see on screen.

diagetic sound

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8

sound that is not logically heard during the scene. Most music is non-diagetic, as are some examples of mood-enhancing sound effects that are not logically part of the scene.

non-diagetic sound

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9

the notion that a change in one factor results in a corresponding change in another

casuality

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10

Length of time in which the animation occurs

duration of time

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11

A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events

Flashback

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12

Narration in which our knowledge is limited to that of a particular character; sometimes associated with first-person, subjective or limited third person narration.

restrictive narration

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13

Unrestrictive Narration - Film is not seen through the eyes of one particular character (even when there is a main character).Unrestricted narration audience always knows more than any individual character. Ex: Ensemble cast - Grand Hotel (1932) - huge cast and multiple, eventually intersecting plot lines. omniscient narrator point of view - a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters

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14

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15

objective or subjective

Depth of Story Information

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16

allusion to particular items of knowledge outside the film that the viewer is expected to recognize

referential meaning

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17

significance presented overtly, usually in language and often near the film's beginning or end

explicit meaning

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18

significance left tacit, for the viewer to discover upon analysis or reflection

implicit meaning

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19

a meaning that is a manifestation of a wider set of values characteristic of a whole society

A symptomatic meaning is what?

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20

All of the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed: the settings and props, lighting, costumes and makeup, and figure behavior.

Mise-en-scene

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21

contains the human events and dynamically enters the narratives actions

the setting of the film

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22

identifies actors and their roles

Costumes in film

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23

film actors rely on this for accentuating features

Make up in film

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24

A high-contrast lighting style that creates hard edges, distinctive shadows, and a harsh effect, especially when filming people.

hard lighting

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25

Illumination that avoids harsh bright and dark areas, creating a gradual transition from highlights to shadows.

soft lighting

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26

illumination from a source less bright than the key light, used to soften deep shadows in a scene

fill light

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27

the main source of light in a photograph or film.

key light

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28

characterizes comic or happy moods. It is the optimistic and cheerful lighting used in comedies and romances.

highly lighting

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29

illumination that creates strong contrast between light and dark areas of the shot, with deep shadows and little fill light

low key lighting

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30

art that represents objects in an exaggerated way to emphasize certain aspects of the object

stylized

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31

when staging unfolds in a setting that has significant depth and utilizes this depth

deep space staging

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32

A shot with a change in framing accomplished by placing the camera above the subject and moving through the air in any direction.

crane shot

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33

roughened visual texture; particles of film emulsion that make it up are large enough to be noticeable

grainy image

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34

an optical effect in which the image of an object appears closer than the object

apparent depth

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35

A use of the camera lens and lighting that keeps objects in both close and distant planes in sharp focus.

deep focus

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36

less in focus

less depth of field

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37

a restricted depth of field, which keeps only one plane in sharp focus

shallow focus

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38

The process of rendering the figures on all planes (background, middle-ground, and foreground) of a deep-space composition in focus.

deep focus cinematography

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39

Shows a particular part of a subject with more detail, example: framing a subject from shoulders up

close up shot

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40

a framing at a distance that makes an object about 4 or 5 feet high appear to fill most of the screen vertically

medium long shot

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41

A relatively close shot, revealing the human figure from the knees or waist up.

medium shot

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42

The camera swivels from side to side on the tripod. Often used to show a crowd of people or a landscape.

panning shot

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43

the vertical movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod

tilt shot

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44

A mobile framing that travels through space forward, backward, or laterally.

tracking shot

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45

A transition in which the old image is wiped off the screen. Wipes simply cover an old slide with a new one by sliding the new image over the old one.

wipe transition

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46

One scene gradually goes dark and the new one gradually emerges from the darkness

fade-out/fade-in

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47

any juxtaposition of images with actions moving at similar rates of speed.

rhythmic match

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48

a shot transition that emphasizes the visual similarities between two consecutive shots

graphic match

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49

temporal match

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50

spatial match

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51

action in such a way in a story

Elipses

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52

A convention of narrative filmmaking in which the director establishes an imaginary line running across the set; the director then keeps the camera on one side of this line for every shot taken so as to avoid making characters and objects appear to flip suddenly from one side of the screen to the other when the sequence is edited together and eventually projected on a screen.

180 system

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53

often a long shot or a series of shots that sets the scene. It is used to establish setting and to show transitions between locations.

establishing shot

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54

joins shot A, in which a person looks at someone offscreen, and shot B, the object of that gaze looking back

eyeliner match cut

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55

A shot that appears during or near the end of a scene and re-orients viewers to the setting.

re-establishing shot

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56

A shot in a sequence that is taken from the reverse angle of the shot previous to it.

reverse shot

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57

an editing technique that records the interaction between two characters, usually a conversation, who are facing one another with one series of shots often taken over the shoulder of one character and another series of shots taken over the shoulder of the other character

shot/reverse shot pattern

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58

A continuity cut that splices two different views of the same action together at the same moment in the movement, making it seem to continue uninterrupted.

match on action

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59

cut into action that is happening simultaneously. This technique is also called parallel editing. It can create tension or suspense and can form a connection between scenes.

cross cutting

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60

A technique of cutting back and forth between action occurring in two different locations, which often creates the illusion that they are happening simultaneously. Also called "cross cutting."

parallel editing

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61

In the continuity editing system, a cut that presents continuous time from shot to shot but that mismatches the positions of figures or objects.

cheat cut

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62

shot of person looking, shot of what is seen, shot of person looking.

POV Cutting

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63

form (film form)

the way parts work together to create an overall effect

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64

stylistic elements

the way the camera moves, the arrangements of color in the frame, the use of music, and other devices

New cards
65

formal expectations

Patterns in film that create assumptions on what will happen.

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66

Suspense

delays fulfilling expectation

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67

conventions

the stylistic features of writing (e.g. grammar, usage, mechanics)

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68

Motif

(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design

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69

diagetic sound

Sound that is logically heard during a scene, including dialogue, music and sound effects corresponding to what we see on screen.

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70

non-diagetic sound

sound that is not logically heard during the scene. Most music is non-diagetic, as are some examples of mood-enhancing sound effects that are not logically part of the scene.

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71

casuality

the notion that a change in one factor results in a corresponding change in another

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72

duration of time

Length of time in which the animation occurs

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73

Flashback

A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events

New cards
74

restrictive narration

Narration in which our knowledge is limited to that of a particular character; sometimes associated with first-person, subjective or limited third person narration.

New cards
75

omniscient narrator point of view

a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters

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76

Unrestrictive Narration

Film is not seen through the eyes of one particular character (even when there is a main character).

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77

Depth of Story Information

objective or subjective

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78

referential meaning

allusion to particular items of knowledge outside the film that the viewer is expected to recognize

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79

explicit meaning

significance presented overtly, usually in language and often near the film's beginning or end

New cards
80

implicit meaning

significance left tacit, for the viewer to discover upon analysis or reflection

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81

A symptomatic meaning is what?

a meaning that is a manifestation of a wider set of values characteristic of a whole society

New cards
82

Mise-en-scene

All of the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed: the settings and props, lighting, costumes and makeup, and figure behavior.

New cards
83

the setting of the film

contains the human events and dynamically enters the narratives actions

New cards
84

Costumes in film...

identifies actors and their roles

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85

Make up in film

film actors rely on this for accentuating features

New cards
86

hard lighting

A high-contrast lighting style that creates hard edges, distinctive shadows, and a harsh effect, especially when filming people.

New cards
87

soft lighting

Illumination that avoids harsh bright and dark areas, creating a gradual transition from highlights to shadows.

New cards
88

fill light

illumination from a source less bright than the key light, used to soften deep shadows in a scene

New cards
89

key light

the main source of light in a photograph or film.

New cards
90

highly lighting

characterizes comic or happy moods. It is the optimistic and cheerful lighting used in comedies and romances.

New cards
91

low key lighting

illumination that creates strong contrast between light and dark areas of the shot, with deep shadows and little fill light

New cards
92

stylized

art that represents objects in an exaggerated way to emphasize certain aspects of the object

New cards
93

deep space staging

when staging unfolds in a setting that has significant depth and utilizes this depth

New cards
94

crane shot

A shot with a change in framing accomplished by placing the camera above the subject and moving through the air in any direction.

New cards
95

grainy image

roughened visual texture; particles of film emulsion that make it up are large enough to be noticeable

New cards
96

apparent depth

an optical effect in which the image of an object appears closer than the object

New cards
97

deep focus

A use of the camera lens and lighting that keeps objects in both close and distant planes in sharp focus.

New cards
98

less depth of field

less in focus

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99

shallow focus

a restricted depth of field, which keeps only one plane in sharp focus

New cards
100

deep focus cinematography

The process of rendering the figures on all planes (background, middle-ground, and foreground) of a deep-space composition in focus.

New cards

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