English Vocabulary - Semester 1

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159 Terms

1

archaic (adjective)

No longer used or applicable; ancient

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2

argot (noun)

The informal, specialized vocabulary and expressions of a particular group

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3

connotation (noun)

Ideas or meanings suggested by a word; associations that go beyond a word's literal meaning

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4

denotation (noun)

The most direct or specific meaning of a word

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5

idiom (noun)

an expression with a special meaning that cannot be understood from the meanings of the individual words; a nonliteral expression

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6

jargon (noun)

A specialized vocabulary of a profession or trade

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7

pidgin (noun)

A simplified form of speech developed from two or more languages

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8

semantics (noun)

The study of meaning and word interpretation

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9

standard (adjective)

Conforming to the established language used by educated speakers (noun) , Something established as a measure of quality

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10

vernacular (noun)

Everyday language, rather than literary language (noun)The native language or dialect of a country, place, or group (adjective) , commonly spoken by a region or group

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11

atlas (noun)

A book or bound collection of maps

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12

epicure (noun)

A person with refined taste, especially in food and drink

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13

galvanize (verb)

To stimulate or urge into action; to spur

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14

jovial (adjective)

Jolly; filled with joy or good cheer

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15

nemesis (noun)

A source of harm or ruin; an opponent that cannot be defeated. One who inflicts retribution or vengeance

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16

Pyrrhic victory (noun)

A victory that is offset by staggering losses or that comes at a huge price

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17

quixotic (adjective)

Dedicated to unreachable goals; idealistic but not practical

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18

saturnine (adjective)

Gloomy and sullen

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19

Sisyphean (adjective)

Requiring endless effort; without result or success

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20

solecism (noun)

A nonstandard or improper use of language; a mistake in manners or behavior

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21

behold (verb)

To gaze at or look upon

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22

discernment (noun)

Excellent judgment and insight; skill in perceiving

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23

envision (verb)

To picture in the mind; to imagine

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24

foresee (verb)

To see or know ahead of time

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25

gape (verb)

To stare in amazement, often with the mouth wide open

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26

impressionistic (adjective)

Describing a highly personal, individual response to experience. Reflecting a style of painting of the late 19th century that focuses on a personal or momentary view of something.

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27

myopia (noun)

Lack of planning for the future; shortsightedness. Nearsightedness; a condition in which distant objects appear blurred.

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28

perceptive (adjective)

Marked by understanding or awareness; sharp; sensitive

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29

premonition (noun)

A feeling that something will happen in the future; an advance warning

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30

subliminal (adjective)

Below the threshold of conscious thought; not detectable, but able to bring about a response

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31

cessation (noun)

A bringing or coming to an end; a halt

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32

commence (verb)

To begin

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33

deter (verb)

To prevent or discourage from acting, by means of fear or doubt

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34

hamper (verb)

To prevent from moving freely or making progress; to limit (verb)

A large basket, usually with a cover (noun)

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35

obstruction (noun)

Something that blocks or gets in the way; an obstacle

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36

preclude (verb)

To make impossible or unlikely; to prevent

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37

procrastinate (verb)

To delay; to put off doing something

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38

scuttle (verb)

To run or move with short, hurried movements; to scurry

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39

subside (verb)

To sink to a lower or more normal level. To become less active or intense.

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40

thwart (verb)

To prevent from taking place; frustrate; block

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41

apologist (noun)

A person who speaks in defense of a person, idea, or a position

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42

dissuade (verb)

To discourage from doing something through persuasion

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43

dupe (verb)

To take advantage of people by tricking or fooling them (noun), Someone tricked and taken advantage of

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44

fallacy (noun)

A false belief. Faulty or illogical reasoning.

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45

imply (verb)

To hint; to suggest indirectly

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46

indisputable (adjective)

Beyond doubt or question; certain

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47

infer (verb)

To draw a conclusion from evidence

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48

red herring (noun)

Something that draws attention away from the main issue

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49

refute (verb)

To prove to be false or invalid; to deny the accuracy or truth of

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50

substantiate (verb)

To support with evidence

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51

accolade (noun)

Great praise. An award.

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52

adulation (noun)

Adoration; excessive praise or flattery

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53

anathema (noun)

Something or someone that is greatly hated and avoided

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54

commend (verb)

To give approval or praise

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55

critique (noun)

A detailed review; and evaluation (verb), To review, discuss, or evaluate

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56

eulogy (noun)

A tribute; spoken or written praise, often given in honor of a person who has died

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57

homage (noun)

Publicly expressed honor or respect

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58

laudable (adjective)

Worthy of praise or honor

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59

quibble (verb)

To criticize, argue, , or raise objections over something (noun), An unimportant complaint

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60

reproach (verb)

To criticize or express disapproval

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61

bland (adjective)

Calming or soothing; not spicy or irritating; lacking flavor. Dull; plain to the point of being boring.

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62

culinary (adjective)

Related to cooking or kitchens

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63

cutlery (noun)

Utensils used for eating , such as knives , forks , and spoons. Cutting instruments and tools.

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64

devour (verb)

To consume or eat up greedily or enthusiastically

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65

morsel (noun)

A very small piece; a small treat

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66

pungent (adjective)

Having a sharp , strong taste or smell. Strong , sharp , and penetrating.

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67

quaff (verb)

To drink heartily and deeply

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68

ravenous (adjective)

Extremely hungry

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69

savory (adjective)

Pleasing to the taste or smell; appetizing. Flavorful; spicy or salty , but not sweet. Morally good or satisfactory; respectable.

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70

simmer (verb)

To cook gently in liquid just at or below the boiling point. To be filled with pent up emotions.

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71

blight (verb)

To have a negative effect on; to ruin.

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72

cataclysm (noun)

An intense and violent disaster or change

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73

decomposition (noun)

The process of rotting , breaking down , or disintegration

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74

eradication (noun)

The act of tearing out by the roots , or of eliminating as if tearing out by the roots

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75

havoc (noun)

Widespread destruction and devastation. Chaos and disorder.

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76

mar (verb)

To inflict damage or spoil the quality of

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77

obliterate (verb)

To wipe out completely; to do away with , leaving no trace

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78

pugnacious (adjective)

Combative; eager to fight

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79

pulverize (verb)

To pound , crush , or grind into powder or dust

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80

stagnant (adjective)

Stale and foul because of lack of movement. Lacking progress or vitality.

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81

broach (verb)

To bring up a subject for discussion

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82

convene (verb)

To assemble formally; to come together officially

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83

debut (verb)

To make a first public appearance (noun),A first public appearance. A formal presentation of a young woman into society.

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84

embark (verb)

To board a plane or ship. To start a major effort; to set out on an adventure.

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85

generate (verb)

To create; to bring into being incipient (adjective),Beginning to exist or appear

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86

initiative (noun)

A beginning or an introductory step; an opening move. The ability or wish to start something; enterprise; determination.

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87

innovation (noun)

Something newly introduced or created

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88

novice (noun)

A beginner

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89

overture (noun)

A piece of music intended to introduce a longer work. An act or offer showing readiness for a relationship or to negotiate.

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90

devious (adjective)

Meant to trick; not straightforward; shifty. Departing from the correct or accepted way. Departing from the straight or direct course; roundabout.

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91

duplicity (noun)

Deliberate deception in behavior and speech

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92

fictitious (adjective)

False or fake; adopted or assumed in order to deceive. Imaginary; unreal; relating to fiction.

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93

guile (noun)

Sly intelligence; craftiness with the intention to deceive.

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94

gullible (adjective)

Easily deceived or fooled

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95

hypocritical (adjective)

Giving a false appearance; saying one thing but doing another

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96

masquerade (verb)

To disguise oneself; to put on a false or deceptive appearance (noun),A disguise or false appearance; a scheme or charade

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97

overt (adjective)

Open and observable; not hidden or secret

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98

reputable (adjective)

Having a good reputation; well thought of; honorable or trustworthy

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99

veracity (noun)

Truthfulness or accuracy; conformity to fact or truth

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100

acme (noun)

The highest point of achievement

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