NUR 2030-Medication

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what is another name for metoprolol?

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1

what is another name for metoprolol?

Lopressor

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2

what is metoprolol?

beta blocker= treats HTN, angina and prevents MI

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3

what are common side effects of metoprolol/Lopressor?

fatigue, weakness, erectile dysfunction

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4

what should a nurse assess before giving metoprolol?

BP, pulse and ECG. During IV administration, monitor VS, ECG every 5-15 min. If BP is <40bpm give atropine

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5

what should a nurse teach a patient about metoprolol?

how to check pulse and BP. Avoid abrupt stoppage of metoprolol. Carry medical ID at all times

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6

what is another name for nitrolingual?

nitroglycerin

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7

what is nitrolingual?

nitrate/antianginal = prophylactic management of angina pectoris

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8

what are common side effects of nitrolingual?

dizziness, headache, hypotension, tachycardia

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9

what should a nurse assess before giving nitrolingual?

monitor BP & pulse

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10

what should a nurse teach a patient about nitrolingual?

change position slowly to avoid orthostatic hypotension, avoid alcohol, keep med in original container to avoid unwanted absorption

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11

what is Lantus?

insulin (intermediate) = control of hyperglycemia in pt w/ type 2 diabetes

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12

what are common side effects of Lantus?

localized swelling, erythema & pruritis (itching)

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13

what should a nurse assess before giving Lantus?

check glucose levels.

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14

what should a nurse teach a patient about Lantus?

how to properly administer, rotation of injection sites, carry a source of sugar(candy) and medical ID at all times

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15

what is onset time for Lantus?

3-4 hours

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16

what is peak time for Lantus?

no peak time

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17

what is duration time for Lantus?

24 hours

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18

what is another name for seroquel?

quetiapino

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19

what is seroquel?

antipsychotic = schizophrenia, bipolar

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20

what are common side effects of seroquel?

dizziness, weight gain

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21

what should a nurse assess before giving seroquel?

BP for hypotension, mental status/suicidal thoughts

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22

what should a nurse teach a patient about seroquel?

avoid OTC meds, family be alert for signs of sucidial thoughts

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23

what is another name for lisinopril?

prinivil, zestril

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24

what is lisinopril?

ACE inhibitor = lowers BP in HTN pt, management of HF following MI

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25

what are common side effects of lisinopril?

cough, hypotension, taste disturbances

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26

what should a nurse assess before giving lisinopril?

family history of angioedema, BP and pulse, dyspnea or facial swelling

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27

what should a nurse teach a patient about lisinopril?

avoid salt substitutes and foods high in salt/K, change position slowly

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28

what is another name for digoxin?

lanoxin

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29

what is digoxin?

cardiac glycoside = treats HF, atrial fibrillation

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30

what are common side effects of digoxin?

fatigue, bradycardia, anorexia, nausea, vomiting

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31

what should a nurse assess before giving digoxin?

has the pt taken digitalis preparations in the past 2-3 weeks, listen to apical pulse for 1 min and hold med if <60 bpm

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32

what should a nurse teach a patient about digoxin?

how to take pulse and report if
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33

what is antidote for digoxin?

digibind, digifab

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34

what is another name for coumadin?

warfarnin, jantoven

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35

what is coumadin?

anticoagulant = treatment of venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, atrial fibrillation

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36

what are common side effects of coumadin?

cramps, nausea, fever

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37

what should a nurse assess before giving coumadin?

bleeding gums, nosebleeds, tarry/black stools, fall in BP or hematocrit

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38

what should a nurse teach a patient about coumadin?

shave w/ electric razor, avoid flossing, avoid foods high in vitamin K and alcohol

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39

what is another name for synthroid?

levothyroxine, levothroid

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40

what is synthroid?

thyroid hormone = supplement for hypothyroidism, treatment of euthyroid goiters

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41

what are common side effects of synthroid?

headache, insomnia

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42

what should a nurse assess before giving synthroid?

Apical pulse & BP

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43

what should a nurse teach a patient about synthroid?

not a cure but a lifelong therapy

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44

what is another name for metformin?

glucophage

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45

what is metformin?

biguanides = management of type 2 diabetes

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46

what are common side effects of metformin?

abdominal bloating, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting

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47

what should a nurse assess before giving metformin?

serum electrolytes, ketones pH & glucose; assess renal function before starting

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48

what should a nurse teach a patient about metformin?

may cause metallic taste that usually resolves, take med at same time everyday, carry medical ID and sugar (candy) at all times

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49

what is another name for cymbalta?

duloxetine

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50

what is cymbalta?

antidepressant = treatment of major depressive or generalized anxiety disorder

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51

what are common side effects of cymbalta?

fatigue, drowsiness, insomnia, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, dysuria, increased sweating

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52

what should a nurse assess before giving cymbalta?

suicidal thoughts, BP for HTN, continued weight loss

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53

what should a nurse teach a patient about cymbalta?

assess for sucidal thoughts

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54

what is another name for effexor?

venlafaxine

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55

what is effexor?

antidepressant = treatment of major depressive or generalized anxiety disorder

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56

what are common side effects of effexor?

headache, dizziness, anxiety, abnormal dreams, chills, sexual dysfunction

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57

what should a nurse assess before giving effexor?

suicidal thoughts, BP for HTN, continued weight loss

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58

what should a nurse teach a patient about effexor?

assess for sucidal thoughts

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59

what is another name for diazepam?

valium

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60

what is diazepam?

benzodiazepine/antianxiety = treatment of anxiety disorders, pre-op sedation, treatment of seizures and insomnia

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61

what are common side effects of diazepam?

dizziness, drowsiness, lethargy

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62

what should a nurse assess before giving diazepam?

BP, assess for phlebitis & thrombosis

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63

what should a nurse teach a patient about diazepam?

avoid alcohol, s/sx of phlebitis & thrombosis

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64

what is another name for lorazepam?

ativan

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65

what is lorazepam?

benzodiazepine/antianxiety = treatment of anxiety disorders, pre-op sedation, treatment of seizures and insomnia

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66

what are common side effects of lorazepam?

dizziness, drowsiness, lethargy

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67

what should a nurse assess before giving lorazepam?

BP, assess for phlebitis & thrombosis

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68

what should a nurse teach a patient about lorazepam?

avoid alcohol, s/sx of phlebitis & thrombosis

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69

what is alprazolam?

benzodiazepine/antianxiety = treatment of anxiety disorders, pre-op sedation, treatment of seizures and insomnia

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70

what are common side effects of alprazolam?

dizziness, drowsiness, lethargy

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71

what should a nurse assess before giving alprazolam?

BP, assess for phlebitis & thrombosis

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72

what should a nurse teach a patient about alprazolam?

avoid alcohol, s/sx of phlebitis & thrombosis

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73

what is another name for gabapentin?

gralise, neurontin

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74

what is gabapentin?

antiseizure drug/neuropathic pain = treatment of partial seizures, restless leg syndrome

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75

what are common side effects of gabapentin?

confusion, depression, drowsiness, ataxia

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76

what should a nurse assess before giving gabapentin?

assess for suicidal thoughts

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77

what should a nurse teach a patient about gabapentin?

assess for suicidal thoughts

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78

what is another name for zithromax?

azithromycin, Zmax

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79

what is zithromax?

antibiotic/macrolides

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80

what are common side effects of zithromax?

abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting

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81

what should a nurse assess before giving zithromax?

any allegies to -mycin or macrolide antibiotics,

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82

what should a nurse teach a patient about zithromax?

finish all doses, do not take w/ food, wear sunscreen, s/x of anaphylaxis (rash, wheezing)

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83

what is another name for omeprazole?

prilosec

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84

what is omeprazole?

antiulcer drug = treatment of GERD, duodenal ulcers, heartburn

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85

what are common side effects of omeprazole?

abdominal pain, dizziness, drowsiness

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86

what should a nurse assess before giving omeprazole?

any epgastric or abdominal pain, monitor CBC labs

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87

what should a nurse teach a patient about omeprazole?

avoid alcohol, NSAIDs/aspirin, report black/tarry stools to doctor

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88

what is another name for Celexa?

citalopram - paxil

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89

what is Celexa?

antidepressant = treats depression, OCD, PTSD

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90

what are common side effects of Celexa?

apathy, confusion, drowsiness, insomnia, weakness, abdominal pain, dry mouth, diarrhea, saliva, nausea, flatulence, dyspepsia, sweating, tremor

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91

what should a nurse assess before giving Celexa?

assess for suicidal thoughts

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92

what should a nurse teach a patient about Celexa?

assess for suicidal thoughts, use sunscreen, change positions slowly to prevent dizziness

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93

what is another name for Colace?

docusate sodium, fleets, correctal

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94

what is Colace?

laxative = prevention of constipation

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95

what are common side effects of Colace?

mild cramps, diarrhea, throat irritation, rash

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96

what should a nurse assess before giving Colace?

bowel sounds, abdominal digestion

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97

what should a nurse teach a patient about Colace?

increase fluid intake, only for short term therapy

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98

what is another name for Aricept?

donepezil

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99

what is Aricept?

cholinesterase inhibitor = treatment of dementia and Alzheimer's

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100

what are common side effects of Aricept?

headache, diarrhea, nausea

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