Biology final

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The science of _____ involves classifying and naming organisms

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1

The science of _____ involves classifying and naming organisms

Taxonomy

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2

Cells that lack a nucleus are ___ cells.

Prokaryotic

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3

The biological levels of organization in the correct order from smallest to largest.

Cell -→ Tissue -→ Organ--→ Organ system -→ Organism

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4

A complete digestive system will be characterized by having _____ opening(s)

Two

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5

What tissue is wood?

xylem

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6

In flowers, two sperm travel to the egg cell through the ____

Pollen Tube

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7

After fertilization, the ____ of the flower become the seeds.

Ovule

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8

____ Is when leaves lose water vapor through stomata by evaporation.

Transpiration

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9

This type of symbiosis occurs when both organisms benefit.

Mutualism

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10

Study different organisms interacting plus the non-living factors of the environment is ____

Ecology

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11

In a plant ___ tissue produces or stores food

Dermal Tissue

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12

Cork cells are ____ cells.

non-living

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13

The ___ attract pollinators because they are usually colorful and smell good.

Petals

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14

The taigia, tundra, and tropical rain forest are different types of_____

Terrestrial Ecosystems

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15

Be able to recognize a correctly written scientific name

Always written in italics if typed or underlined if written. The first letter of Genus name is always capitalized.

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16

___symmetry is when an animal has right and left sides that can be divided by only one plane.

Bilateral

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17

Kingdom __ is made up of organisms that are multicellular, heterotrophic, motile eukaryotes.

Animilia

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18

A(n) ____ is a group of similar cells that preform a common, simple function.

Tissue

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19

The person who came up with the present “binomial” system of naming organisms was ____.

Carl Linnaeus

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20

___ a lining tissue in animals.

Epithelial tissue

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21

Many ___ tissues will have a collagen matrix

Connective Tissue

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22

Axon and dendrites are terms related to __ tissue.

nerve tissue

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23

Kingdom ___ is made up of bacterisl organisms

Manera Kingdom

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24

Strands of cells that make up the body of a mold are called ____.

Mycelium

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25

Kingdom ____ is made up of multicellular, autotrophic, non-motile eukaryotes.

Kingdom Protista

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26

The _____ system returns fluid lost at tissues back to the blood.

The lymphatic system

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27

Which part of blood carries electrolytes and nutrients to cells?

plasma

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28

The ____ system filters blood to remove toxic ammonia wastes

urinary systems

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29

Your skin makes up what is called the _____ system

Integumentary System

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30

Cuboidal, columnar and squamous are types of ____ tissue.

Epithelial

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31

Which group moves by using a “water vascular system”

Echinoderms

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32

A mycologist studies___.

Fungal Biology

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33

The digestive gland that aid in the digestion of fats by producing bile is the ___.

Liver

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34

Leukocytes that roam around to engulf and destroy anything foreign are called _____.

Phagocytes

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35

The tube from the kidney to the bladder is the ___.

Ureter

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36

When looking at a microscope slide of blood, which type of cell will you see the most?

Red Blood Cells

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37

The exchange of materials between the blood and tissues occurs at blood vessels called ______.

Capillaries

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38

Mammals possess a/n ______ circulatory system? (open/closed)

Closed

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39

The tube extending from the mouth to the stomach is the _____.

Esophagus

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40

The three parts of the __ are the duodenum, ileum, and jejunum.

Small Intestine

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41

Whuch phlum means “spiny skin”?

Echinodermata

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42

Which Phylum would have some animals that have a vertebral column?

Chordata

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43

Which phylum would have animals with polyp and edusa body types?

Cnidarians

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44

Which phylum name means “jointed legs”?

Arthropod

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45

The two tube like branches of the trachea through which air passes as it enters each lung are_____.

Bronchi

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46

Which type of heart like chamber RECIEVES blood returning to the heart?

right atrium

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47

The functional unit of the kidney is the _____.

Nephron

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48

A “sacromere” is a unit found in _____ tissue.

Striated Muscle Tissue

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49

Wrist bones are called ____.

Carpals

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50

Where would you find the gastrocnemius muscle?

The calf

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51

What kind of receptors are found in the nasal cavity and tongue?

Taste receptors

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52

The bones in the lower back are called the ____ vertebrae.

Sacrum and Coccyx

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53

The thigh bone is called____.

Femur

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54

Insulin is produced by the_____.

Pancreas

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55

The ___ are muscles in the posterior thigh.

Hamstrings

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56

Your shoulder blade is technically called the.

Scapula

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57

Growth hormone (GH) is produced by the.

Pituitary Gland

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58

What hormone causes egg or sperm production in animals?

FSH and LH

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59

____ is the name for chest muscles.

Pectoral muscles

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60

____ muscle tissue makes up arm and leg muscles, those that produce movement.

Skeletal Muscles

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61

A(n) _____ neuron sends an impulse to the brain or spinal cord.

Sensory neurons

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62

Within the mammalian brain, the ____ conncects the two halves of the cerebrum.

Corpus Callosum

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63

The radius and ulna would be found in the _____.

Pectoral Appendage

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64

The ____ controls vital body functions such as heart rate and respiration.

The hindbrain

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65

Epinephrine is produced by the ____.

Adrenal Medulla

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66

A ____ is a body in the ovary that divides to form an egg.

Follicule

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67

The part of the brain that controls learning, intellect, and memory is the ____.

The Cerebrum

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68

The _____ is the muscular organ in which an embryo implants and then the fetus develops.

Uterus

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69

Cones and rods are ___ that produce vision.

Photoreceptors

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70

Which of the following means “cell” when part of a word?

Cyto

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71

A plant hormone that is a stress hormone and causes dormancy is ____.

Abscisic Acid

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72

Predator-prey interactions are studied at the ___ level of ecology.

Community Ecology

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73

Tube-like cells that transport materials through the plant are called ____ tissue.

Phloem

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74

Constantly dividing cells in the growing regions of a plant that retain the ability to divide make up _____.

Meristematic

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75

Which group of plants lack vascular tissues?

Mosses

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76

A pine tree is a ___. (angiosperm or gymnosperm)

Gymnosperms

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77

A plant that has leaves with wide blades and netted venation would be a ___.

Dicot

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78

Monocots and (eu)dicots are two groups of __.

Flowering Plants

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79

Where in a plant would you find palisade and spongy layers?

Below the palisade layer

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80

The tissue that makes up “outer bark” is ___.

Dead Tissue

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81

The vascular tissues of a root are found in the ____, which is the region in the center.

The pith

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82

In the food chain, “consumers” are ____ organisms.

living

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83

The __ is found between a pair of guard cells.

Stomatal Pores

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84

_____ is a term for group individuals of one species that occupy the same general area.

Population

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85

Food is moved through the intestines by ____ muscles tissue.

Peristalsis

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86

Cartilage is a type of _____ tissue

Connective Tissue

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87

During pollination,pollen grains (traveling by wind or an insect) stick to the ___ of the pistil.

The Stigma

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88

The male organ of the flower is the ___.

Stamen

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89

Which layer is found between xylem and phloem in a woody stem?

Vascular Cambium

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90

Flatworms

Platyhelminthes

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91

Snakes and Turtles

Chordata

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92

Earthworms and Leeches

Annelida

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93

Sponges

Animalia

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94

Hookworms

Nematoda

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95

Sea anemone and Jellyfish

Cnidaria

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96

Insects and Scorpions

Arthropoda

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97

Octopus

Mollusca

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98

Planaria

Platyhelminthes

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99

Sea stars and Sea Urchins

Echinodermata

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100

Humans

Chordata

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