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402 Terms

1

my/o

muscle

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2

hyper-

excessive, increased

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3

hypo-

deficient, decreased

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4

dys-

bad, difficult, or painful

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5

gastr/o

stomach

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6

enter/o

small intestine

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7

cyan/o

blue

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8

erythr/o

red

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9

leuk/o

white

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10

melan/o

black

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11

poli/o

gray

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12

neur/o

nerve

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13

myel

spinal cord

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14

tonsill

tonsils

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15

-algia

pain, painful condition

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16

-cyte

cell

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17

-ectomy

surgical removal, cutting out

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18

-itis

inflammation

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19

-osis

abnormal condition, disease

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20

-ostomy

the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

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21

-otomy

cutting, surgical incision

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22

-plasty

surgical repair

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23

-rrhage

bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge

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24

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

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25

-rrhea

flow or discharge

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26

-rrhexis

rupture

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27

-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

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28

Cyanosis (sigh-ah-NOH-sis)

blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

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29

Erythrocyte (eh-RITH-roh-sight)

mature red blood cell

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30

Leukocyte (LOO-koh-sight)

white blood cell

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31

Melanosis (mel-ah-NOH-sis)

any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs

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32

Poliomyelitis (poh-lee-oh-my-eh-LYE-tis)

viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord

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33

Gastroenteritis (gas-troh-en-ter-EYE-tis)

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

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34

Neuroplasty (NEW-roh-plas-tee)

surgical repair of a nerve

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35

Neurorrhaphy (new-ROR-ah-fee)

suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

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36

Tonsillitis (ton-sih-LYE-tis)

inflammation of the tonsils

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37

Tonsillectomy (ton-sih-LECK-toh-mee)

surgical removal of the tonsils

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38

Word Root

Basic meaning of the term

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39

Combining Form

Word root w/ combining vowel added at the end

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40

Suffix

Comes at the end. Usually, not always, indicates the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease

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41

Prefix

Comes at the beginning. Usually, not always, indicates location, time, number or status

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42

Pathology

study of disease

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43

Gastrodynia (gas-troh-DIN-ee-ah)

Gastralgia (gas-TRAL-jee-ah)

pain in the stomach, AKA stomach ache

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44

Gastritis (gas-TRY-tis)

inflammation of the stomach

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45

Hepatomegaly (hep-ah-toh-MEG-ah-lee)

abnormal enlargement of the liver

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46

Path

disease

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47

-malacia

abnormal softening

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48

-megaly

enlargement

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49

arteri/o

artery

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50

Arteriosclerosis (ar-tee-ree-oh-skleh-ROH-sis)

abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

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51

Arteriomalacia (ar-tee-ree-oh-mah-LAY-shee-ah)

abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries

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52

Arteriostenosis (ar-tee-ree-oh-steh-NOH-sis)

abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries

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53

Abdominocentesis (ab-dom-ih-noh-sen-TEE-sis)

surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

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54

Angiography (an-jee-OG-rah-fee)

process of producing a radiography (x-ray) study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible

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55

-stenosis

abnormal narrowing

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56

abdomin/o

abdomen

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57

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

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58

angi/o

blood vessel

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59

-graphy

process of recording

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60

-ab

means away from

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61

Abnormal

not normal or away from normal

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62

Dysfunctional

an organ or body part that is not working properly

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63

Hypertension

higher than normal blood pressure

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64

Subcostal

below a rib or ribs

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65

ad-

toward or in the direction of

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66

Addiction

drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance

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67

eu-

good, normal, well, or easy

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68

Eupnea

easy or normal breathing

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69

Hypotension

lower than normal blood pressure

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70

intra-

within or inside

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71

Intramuscular

within the muscle

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72

super-, supra-

above or excessive

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73

Supracostal

above or outside the ribs

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74

inter-

between or among

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75

Interstitial

between, but not within, the parts of a tissue

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76

sub-

under, less, or below

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77

dextr/o

right side

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78

ex-

out of, outside, away from

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79

macro-

large, abnormal size, or long

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80

Mega-Megal/o

large, great

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81

pre-

before

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82

micr/o , micro-

small

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83

olig/o

scanty, few

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84

post-

after, behind

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85

Angiogram (AN-jee-oh-gram)

the resulting film that is produced by angiography

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86

Myoplasty (MU-oh-plas-tee)

surgical repair of a muscle

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87

Arthroscopy (ar-THROS-koh-pee)

visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

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88

Hemorrhage (HEM-or-idj)

the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time

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89

Myorrhaphy (my-OR-ah-fee)

the surgical suturing of a muscle wound

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90

Diarrhea (dye-ah-REE-ah)

the frequent flow of loose or watery stools

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91

Myorrhexis (my-oh-REK-sis)

the rupture of a muscle

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92

otorhinolaryngology

the study of the ears, nose, and throat

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93

ot/o

ear

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94

rhin/o

nose

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95

laryng

throat

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96

-ology

study of

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97

-al

pertaining to

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98

dermat

skin

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99

-ologist

specialist

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100

neo-

new

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