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What is the dual-action muscle of the quadriceps; allowing it to act upon both the hip and knee joints?

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290 Terms

1

What is the dual-action muscle of the quadriceps; allowing it to act upon both the hip and knee joints?

rectus femoris

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2

What is the term used to describe the natural curvature of the cervical and lumbar spine?

lordotic

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3

When the hip and knee are fully flexed as seen in the single-leg squat (Bulgarian squat), what hip extensor is the prime mover?

gluteus maximus

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4

The majority of back injuries from incorrect lifting occur between which segments of the spine?

lumbar and sacrum

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5

Which of the following muscles cause movement in the frontal plane?

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a. tensor fascia latae

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b.quadratus lumborum

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c.supraspinatus

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d.All of the above

D

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10

Choose the exercise that would be used for increasing hip power.

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a.leg press

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b.overhead squat

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c.alternating jump lunges

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d.Romanian deadlift

C

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15

What muscle is trained during humeral adduction in the frontal plane?

latissimus dorsi

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16

What represents an exercise regression?

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a.pull-up to a chin-up

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b.back squat to front squat

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c.barbell bench press to dumbbell bench press

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d.chest dips to push-ups

D

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21

True or False? The aerobic system can maintain energy production until fat stores are depleted as a limiting factor to ATP production.

false

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22

The phosphagen system would be the primary energy system utilized during which of the following:

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23

a. Set of bicep curls for 15 repetitions

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b. Running a 10K

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c. 20 minutes of circuit training

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d. 3RM back squat

D

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27

___ relates to the increase in oxygen consumption and caloric expenditure for hours following strenuous activity due to an oxygen deficit created during the bout.

excess post exercise consumption

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28

Ischemia and the burning sensation that progressively occurs at the end of an anaerobic set is due to the accumulation of ____ within the working tissues.

hydrogen ions

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29

a. Immediate energy: ____

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b. Intermediate energy: ____

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c. Continuous energy: ____

atp, glycolysis, aerobic

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32

Acute peripheral fatigue

dysfunction due to acidity

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General peripheral fatigue

depletion of stores

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central fatigue

depletion of carbohydrates

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35

The ___ is specialized to allow for continuous contractions and neural impulses across the lifespan via an enhanced sarcoplasmic reticulum and calcium delivery system.

myocardium

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36

Aerobic training adaptations include an increase in ___ and ___ densities for enhanced oxygen extraction.

mitochondrial, capillary

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cardiac output:

blood expelled from LV per minute

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38

Which of the following maximal assessments is appropriate for a 13 year-old exerciser?

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a.Multi-rep bench press test to failure

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b.One mile run test

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c.Yo-Yo beep test

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d.All the above are appropriate

B

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43

One of your clients is taking medication for his hypertension. Based on this information, which of the following program components should be avoided in his exercise program?

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a.leg press with heavy resistance

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b.aerobic training most days of the week

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c.seated cable pull-downs performed for 20 repetitions

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d.moderate-intensity jogging intervals on the treadmill

A

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48

When constructing an exercise prescription for an obese client, which of the following is an important recommendation?

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49

a.program to ensure that at least 250 kcals are burned per training session

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b.minimize weight lifting initially and perform more aerobic exercise

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c.maintain a caloric intake of 800-1,200 kcals per day

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d.select low-impact activities during aerobic exercise to minimize the risk of injury

D

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53

During an evaluation, after 12 weeks of regular training, your client's resting blood pressure increased from 145/96 to 151/108 following repeat measures. What is the correct course of action to take based on this value?

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54

a.reduce the training volume to two days of resistance training each week

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b.decrease the frequency of cardiovascular activities he performs each week

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c.refer him to his physician for a medical review

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d.monitor his diet for caffeine and alcohol consumption

C

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58

Medical referral prior to participating in an exercise program is required for a body fat measure equaling:

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a.Males - 15%; Females - 25%

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b.Males - 20%; Females - 30%

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c.Males - 25%; Females - 35%

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d.Males - 30%; Females - 40%

D

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63

Which body composition assessment would you want to avoid when assessing an individual with a large amount of muscle mass?

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a.girth measurements

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b.bioelectrical impedance

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c.hydrostatic weighing

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d.skinfold measurements

A

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68

Your female client wants to start strength training but does not want to add muscle mass. Which of the following prescriptions will result in the lowest amount of lean mass gain when performed to volitional failure?

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a.Heavy weight (75-85% 1RM) machine training

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b.Light weight (30-50% 1RM) total-body movements performed in circuits

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c.Moderate weight (65-75% 1RM) using free-weight supersets

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d.Mod-heavy weight (70-80% 1RM) compound movements

B

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73

When exercising at high altitudes the amount of oxygen bound to hemoglobin decreases; what is a common physiological response to this environmental change?

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a.increased max heart rate

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b.increased (a-v)O2 difference

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c.increased heart rate responses

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d.increased metabolic rate

C

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78

While the nervous system can improve strength measures within 2 weeks, adding muscle mass normally requires ______________ weeks of routine training.

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a.2-3

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b.5-7

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c.8-10

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d.Up to 12

C

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83

Which of the following devices is used to measure flexibility?

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a.Sit-and-reach box

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b.Goniometer

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c.Inclinometer

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d.All the above

A

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88

For baseline health benefits an individual should burn at least ______ calories a week.

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a. 500

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b. 1,000

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c. 2,000

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d. 2,500

B

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93

A(n) ________ response occurs with repeated stress which causes chronic system adaptations.

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a. Overload

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b. Elastic

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c. Plastic

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d. Progressive

C

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98

An individual with no known risk factors for cardiovascular disease is recommended to have LDL cholesterol measures no higher than:

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a. 100 mg/dL

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b. 130 mg/dL

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