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1

neutral tones

speaker miserably reflects on relationship

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2

acronym for neutral tones

TWYL

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3

TWYL

"the smile on your mouth was the deadest thing", "we stood by a pond that winter day", "your face and the god curst sun", "like an ominous bird a-wing..."

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4

when we two parted

reflection of an old relationship

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5

acronym for when we two parted

TALII

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6

TALII

"truly that hour foretold", "a knell in mine ear;", "long, long shall i rue thee", "in/with silence and tears", "in secret we met"

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7

Sonnet 29 - 'I think of thee!'

speakers discusses her lover and how she cannot stop thinking about him

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8

acronym for sonnet 29- i think of thee

RIIB

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9

RIIB

"renew thy presence; as a strong tree should", "i/do not think of thee", " i will not have my thoughts instead of thee", " burst, shattered, everywhere"

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10

Love's Philosophy

speaker is persuading someone to be with him

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11

acronym for loves philosophy

FINS

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12

FINS

"fountains" "rivers" oceans", "if thou not kiss me", "nothing in the world is single", "see the mountains kiss high heaven"

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13

letters from yorkshire

speaker discusses long distance relationship of two people who have completely different lifestyles

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14

acronym for letters from yorkshire

HIIYB

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15

HIIYB

"heart full of headlines, feeding words onto a blank screen", "is your life more real?", "icy miles", "you/me" "our", "breaking ice on a waterbutt"

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16

Singh Song!

singh runs one of his fathers shops but cares more about the relationship with his wife rather than that responsibility

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17

acronym for singh song

VIII

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18

VIII

"ven di precinct is concrete- cool even come down whispering stairs", "in di worst indian shop on do whole Indian road", "i run just one of my daddy's shops", "is priceless baby"

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19

Porphyria's Lover

speaker kills porphyria

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20

acronym for porphyria's lover

PAWWT

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21

PAWWT

"perfectly pure and good", "and yet God has not said a word", "when glided in Porphyria; straight she shut the cold out", "worshipped", "that moment she was mine, mine fair"

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22

the farmers bride

The farmer considers his relationship with his wife

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23

acronym for the farmers bride

TWLLM

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24

TWLLM

"to her wild self. but what to me?", "we chased her, flying like a hare", "like the shut of a winters day", "lying awake with her wide brown stare" "more like a little frightened fay"

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25

winter swans

a couple is walking round a pond after an argument

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26

acronym for winter swans

ALIIT

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27

ALIIT

"as we skirted the lake, silent and apart", "like boats righting in rough weather", "icebergs", "i notices our hands... swum the distance between us" "two days of rain and then a break"

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28

mother any distance

speaker is leaving hime and becoming independent

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29

acronym for mother any distance

ISAT

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30

ISAT

"i reach towards a hatch that opens on an endless sky", "still feeding out, unreeling", "anchor. kite", "the acres of the walls, the prairies of the floors"

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31

before you were mine

daughter reflects on mothers life after her death

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32

acronym for before you were mine

THAY

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33

THAY

"the decade ahead of my loud, possessive yell was the best one, eh?", "high-heeled red shoes, relics", "and whose small bites on your neck, sweetheart", "your ghost clatters toward me"

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34

eden rock

Speaker looking back on memories w/ family, and discusses joining them in death

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35

acronym for eden rock

LIST

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36

LIST

'lit by three suns' 'i had not thought it would be like this' ' somewhere beyond eden rock' 'the same three plates, the tin cups painted blue'

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37

walking away

father describes son who is becoming independent and starting his own life

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38

acronym for walking away

GLWW

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39

GLWW

'grows at my mind still' 'like a winged seed' loosed from its parent stem' 'wrenched from its orbit, go drifting away' 'who finds no path where the path should be'

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40

climbing my grandfather

speaker is trying to get to know his grandfather

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41

acronym for climbing my grandfather

TRIPS

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42

TRIPS

'thick like warm ice' 'rest for a while in the shade' 'i decide... without a rope or net' 'pupils' 'slow pulse of a good heart'

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43

follower

speaker explains how he feels he will never live up to his father as a successor

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44

acronym for follower

SHAWT

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45

SHAWT

'sometimes' 'his shoulders globed like a full sail strung' 'all i ever did' 'will not go away' 'the sweating team turned round/ And back'

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46

structure for when we two parted

fact that it's past tense suggests he hasn't completely moved on

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47

structure of loves philosophy

regular rhyme scheme, slight anomalie- 3rd line of each verse, suggests not being complete, and so not a sonnet

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48

structure of porphyrias lover

regular rhyme scheme, one long continuous stanza takes you along journey, no disruption, inevitability

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49

structure of sonnet 29

petrachan sonnet, semantic field of plants + tree, volta comes early because of desperation and desire to reach conclusion

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50

structure of neutral tone

regular rhyme scheme- consistency- inescapability, creates sense of hopelessness & cyclical structure implies poet is trapped in memories/ stuck in past

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51

structure letters from yorkshire

punctuation- describes other career in long, complex sentences vs her own in simple sentences. sentences finish on line after each other because although they may be separated, they make sense together suggesting continuity

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52

structure the farmers bride

archaic + regional phrasing, speaker reflects in chronological order up until end where it is now, if was from wife's perspective then the reader would see husband as bad person not knowing his genuine love for her

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53

structure walking away

structure goes from resistance to acceptance, consistente rhyme scheme shows love never changes, time marker is evolution of father coming to terms

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54

structure eden rock

sons perspective- a memory, could be about life and death

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55

structure follower

overall regular rhyme reflects repetitiveness of farming. last 3 stanzas don't perfectly rhyme suggesting he can never live up to father

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56

structure mother any distance

emjambment emphasises partnership, structurally he movers through house- concentrating on mothers role, when reaches end he discusses himself

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57

structure before you were mine

blank verse, somber/ somethings missing

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58

structure winter swans

inconsistent line length-stanzas were three, now 2 because they are now complete as a couple,

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59

structure singh song

inconsistent rhyme scheme, he wants to devote entirely to live but gets dragged back to work- use of hyphens

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60

structure climbing my grandfather

no rhyme scheme- unpredictable

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61

NT the smile on your mouth was the deadest thing

deterioration of relationship, oxymoron- couple make no sense together/ meaningless

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62

NT we stood by a pond that winter day

collective pronoun- togetherness, coldness- nature killed off, waiting formally/ no movement

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63

NT your face, and the god curst sun

cursed- powerful language contradicts poems professed neutrality, polysyndetic listing- no positive progress in the relationship, in his mind she is cruel + wrong

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64

NT like an ominous bird a wing

represents lover feels she brings bad luck/ curses relationship/ picking apart the relationship, freedom/ independence/escape

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65

WS as we skirted the lake silent and apart

literal and metaphorical, with caution/hesitation, lack of communication leads to no resolution, contradictory- oxymoron

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66

WS like boats righting in rough weather.

end of rockiness/ new beginning, corrects itself

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67

WS icebergs

more beneath surface- expectation vs reality, solidity,

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68

WS i noticed our hands... swum the distance between us

natural didn't choose to, metaphorical but crossed physical barrier,

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69

WS two days of rain and then a break

disruption of harmony of relationship, rain reflects struggle, 'break' relationship has reached breaking point, no finality/ change possible

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70

S29 renew thy presence; as a strong tree should

demanding/expectations, colloquial language, tree extended metaphor- natural; not artificial/ unpredictable but constant/ physically needs to procreate to survive and continue

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71

S29 i/ do not think of thee

creates personal tone- direct address through personal pronouns, exclamttives- intensity, circular narrative with clear change

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72

S29 i will not have my thoughts instead of thee

taking control/ defiance, enjambement- instead of him, he is hidden by her thoughts

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73

S29 burst, shattered, everywhere

eager anticipation of reunion, explosive language reflecting change in mind/ problem being solved dramatic/ intense/ defiance

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74

WWTP truly that hour foretold

regretful tone, should have anticipated/adds to sorrow/ sense of self-pity, admitting relationship was going downhill

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75

WWTP a knell in mine ear

knell used at funerals- every time hears lovers name speaker reminded of death of relationship

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76

WWTP long, long shall i rue thee

repetition- long lasting/ eternal suffering, permanent mark

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77

WWTP in secret we met

alienated, no support in grief- he is alone, past vs present

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78

WWTP in/with silent and tears

suffering is internalised, no sense of closure, circular structure- inability to escape

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79

TFB to her wild self. but what to me

speakers longing- gains reader sympathy NARRATIVE PERSPECTIVE, untamed- wrong about attempting to force

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80

TFB we chased her, flying like a hare

fast pace reflects hunt, she's become hunted prey- symbolises vulnerability + powerlessness suggesting inferior position

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81

like the shut of a winters day

theme of rejection, shuts out warmth and life- comparing to winter- appropriate for a farmer whose life is dictated by seasons

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82

lying awake with her wide brown stare

usual, fears of this being her life + sexual contact from farmer- he's observed that, innocence/ prey

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83

more like a frightened little fay

soft tone- innocence, magical/mystical/ unknown- a mystery

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84

fountains, rivers, ocean

progression of scale- as a couple who grow together, personification- dependency

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85

if thou kiss not me

emotive, direct address, goes from certainty to uncertainty, incomplete without lover, melancholic tone, repetition of kiss shows longing for physical desire

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86

nothing in the world is single;

declarative- have to accept, no full stops/no finality/ incomplete without lover,

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87

see the mountains kiss high heaven

immovable/ solidity, remote/ undisturbed, spiritually to be coupled- brings closer to god- can only enrich if coupled

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88

ven di precinct is concrete- cool eve come down whispering stairs

alliteration- harshness of urban setting/ unromantic- still able to have love, magical, alliteration

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89

in di worst indian ship and do whole indian road

making bad rep of family, parallelism, community coming together

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90

i run just one of my daddy's shops

only trusted, inherited privilege

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91

is priceless baby

links to shop- him running shop doesn't matter, absolute love

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92

ven di precinct is concrete- cool eve come down whispering stairs

alliteration- harshness of urban setting/ unromantic- still able to have love, magical, alliteration

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93

in di worst indian ship and do whole indian road

making bad rep of family, parallelism, community coming together

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94

i run just one of my daddy's shops

only trusted, inherited privilege

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95

is priceless baby

links to shop- him running shop doesn't matter, absolute love

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96

the decade ahead of my loud, possessive yell was the best one, eh

time marker, consumes life, transition to being a mum, seeks reassurance proving she understands

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97

high- heeled red shoes, relics

dancing shoes retired- something she used to love- transition to motherhood- youth interrupted by having child/ willingness to sacrifice

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98

and whose small bites on your neck, sweetheart

role reversal, pleased/ proud

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99

your ghost clatters toward me

literal- as old mum died/new mum born, noisy- lost youthfulness/ grace

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100

thick like warm ice

oxymoron- ice is supposed to be warmth/ sense of inner warmth, kindness of someone who is tolerant- extended metaphor means grandfather is a reliable part of his grandsons life

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