meyers study guide 3

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S.I.P.D.E.

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100 Terms

1

S.I.P.D.E.

Search. Identify. Predict. Decide. Execute.

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2

S.E.E.

Search. Evaluate. Execute.

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3

Airbag Facts (3):

You still must wear a seatbelt. Attempts to keep you in your seat (Intense Crashes), Keep 10 inches away from the wheel. Takes 1/20 of a second to deploy. Comes out at 150-200 miles an hour.

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4

Airbags are how big?

4-6 inches bigger than the steering column

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5

The Smith System: All Good Kids Love Myers

A. Aim High (Look Up) G. Get the Big Picture K. Keep Your Eyes Moving L. Leave Yourself a Way Out M. Make Sure Others Can See You

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6

Check mirrors how often?

3-5 seconds

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7

How far ahead should you be searching?

Cities: 10-20 seconds Country/Interstates: 20-30 seconds

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8

How far back should you be signaling?

City: 100-150 feet back Country/Interstate: 1/4 of a mile back

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9

What makes a complete stop evident?

The bounce back from the front of the car and you waited 2-3 seconds.

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10

What does the speed limit signify besides the legal limit?

The highest speed in ideal conditions. I.e. Weather, road conditions, accidents, etc.

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11

Space Cushion

4 seconds is optimal, but the legally, it's only 3 seconds.

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12

PD+RD+BD=TSD

Perception Distance + Reaction Distance + Breaking Distance = Total Stopping Distance

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13

What to do if someone is tailgating you:

Speed up (If legal), Flash your break lights, attempt to get out of the way (Pull over), and if they are still following, get to somewhere public and call the cops.

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14

Courteous Driving Habits

Can't block entrances/exits Get over ASAP if your lane is going to end Don't wave people into traffic

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15

Why shovel snow away from your tailpipe?

Your car can fill with Carbon Monoxide (CO) which is odorless and can kill you.

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16

Values of Driver's Education (F.E.T.)

Foundation for Safe Driving Exposes drivers to different environments Teaches a combination of tasks exposes drivers to different weather conditions -Does not guarantee you will be a safe driver or pass driving test

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17

Reasons for Young Driver Crash Rates

Lack of Maturity - Risk Taking, Alcohol, Drugs. Lack of Experience - Less Nighttime driving Increased Risk taking Peer pressure Distractions

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18

Moving Vialations

When car is in movement.

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19

O.V.I.

Operating Vehicle Impared

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20

Laws against Texting

Primary Offense when driver is under 18 Secondary Offense when driver is over 18

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21

Losing your License

Accumulate 12 Points or Second Offense: No license for 90 days (Under 18)

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22

Rear Facing Car Seats

Can get out at 1 year old and over 20 lbs

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23

Front Facing Car Seats

Can get out at 4 years old and 40 lbs

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24

Booster Seats

Can get out at 8 years old OR 4 ft. 9 in. tall

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25

Vehicle Emergencies

Break failure/fade (Break pedal will be mushy) Engine, Tire, and Steering Failures Overheated Engine

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26

School Zones

20 mph limit Must go limit when lights flash, the posted times, when school activities are happening (Sport events, plays, etc.)

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27

School Bus: Red Lights

Must Stop Must be at least 10 ft. from the rear and front of the bus Remain stopped until lights are off

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28

School Bus: Yellow Lights

Signifies that you should slow down and prepare to stop

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29

Emergency Vehicles: Normal Streets

Pull to the right and stop

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30

Emergency Vehicles: Highways

Keep going but let them pass

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31

Emergency Vehicles: Stopped at a red light

Stay Put.

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32

Emergency Vehicles: EMS Stopped on the Side

Get as far to the left or right as you can

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33

Emergency First Aid: The 3 C's

Check, Call, and Care Check Scene Call 911 Care to the degree you are trained

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34

One Drink?

12 ounces of beer 8 ounces of malt liquor 5 ounces of wine 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits (vodka, whiskey, gin, rum)

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35

B.A.C.

Blood Alcohol Content

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36

Factors for absorption rate

Age, Height, Weight, Gender, Carbonate, Mood, Body Maturity, and Amount of Food in Stomach

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37

Legal Limit: 21 years and up

0.08

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38

Legal Limit: Under 21

0.02

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39

Depressant Drugs

Alcohol, Analgesics (Pain Pills), Barbiturates (Insomnia Pills), Sedatives, and Volatile Drugs (Ecstasy).

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40

Hallucinogens

Marijuana, Hashish, and Acid

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41

Narcotics

Cocaine, Opiates (Codeine), Heroine, Methadone, Morphine and Opium.

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42

Being Pulled Over

Must Disclose if you have any weapons Get License and Registration when it's asked for Be sure it's a marked police car Keep everyone's hands up and in plain sight

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43

Liability Insurance

Covers the other car. Not yours too, all drivers required to have

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44

Bodily Injury Liability

Covers someone else's injuries

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45

Comprehension Insurance

This is not full coverage.

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46

Hazard Lights

Use: As sign of distress if you can barely see if you're going less than half the speed limit

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47

Rain

Turn on lights, wipers, and defrosters. Increase following distance to 5-6 seconds.

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48

Hydroplaning

To Stop: Take foot of the gas Steer where you want to go Apply Breaks Gently

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49

Deep Water

Can stall an engine and sweep your vehicle away

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50

Hand Signals

left: straight out right: out and up stop/slow: out and down

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51

Yellow Lines

Two Way Street

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52

White lines

One Way Street

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53

Highways: Lane Furthest Right

For the slower traffic; Follows the speed limit

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54

Highways: Lane Furthest Left

Passing Lane

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55

Pedestrians

Always have right away

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56

Parking Lots

10 mph speed limit

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57

Construction Zones

Tickets double in price

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58

Right of Way Rules

  • Vehicle already in intersection has right of way over vehicle preparing to enter *Vehicle going straight has right of way over a vehicle turning left *Emergency vehicles (that are sounding a siren or flashing lights) have the right of way over any other vehicle. You must pull over when safe to do so *Pedestrians in crosswalks and intersections have the right of way *Vehicles about to enter or cross a road from a driveway or private road must yield to all traffic on main road *Yield right of way to funeral processions *Yield right of way to blind persons with dogs

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59

Six Zones around car

Front Left Front Front RIght Rear Left Rear Rear RIght

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60

4 designated stopping points

Thick white limit line Crosswalk Sidewalk Point of Vision

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61

Basic Speed Law

you should be traveling at a speed that is safe and reasonable for the current road, weather, and visibility conditions that does not exceed the posted limit

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62

Blinking red light

stop sign

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63

Blinking yellow light

warning/yield

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64

Ramp Meters

Allows only vehicle to pass each time

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65

Green SIgn

Distance or guidance

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66

blue sign

services

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67

Orange

construction

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68

Yield Situations

-Right turn on red - to traffic approaching an intersection -To emergency vehicles - Pull over to the right and stop -To pedestrians - in crosswalks, driveways ecc. -At stop signs - to cross traffic, pedestrians -At traffic lights - to vehicles/pedestrians in the intersection -At freeway merge - to traffic on freeway -At yield signs - to cross traffic or pedestrians -Entering from driveway - yield to traffic on cross streets and pedestrians -Lane ends or is blocked - yield to following or oncoming vehicles -At traffic circles - to vehicles in the icrle -To funeral processions - to vehicles on cross street -To blind pedestrians - white cane or guide dog, anywhere

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69

70 mphs

Rural freeways

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70

65 mph

rural expressways without traffic control signals

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71

60 mph

two lane state routes

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72

55 mph

highways and expressway

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73

35 mph

state routes or through highways

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74

15 mph

alleyways/ city

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75

Deductible

Amount you must pay before you begin receiving any benefits from your insurance company

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76

Depreciation

A decrease or loss in value of a car over time

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77

Collision Insurance

Covers your car in case of auto accidents

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78

uninsured motorist coverage

pays if you are struck by someone who does not have insurance. Also will pay if you are a victim in a hit-and-What is run accident.

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79

No Zone Area

c) The danger areas around a truck where there are blind spots for the driver

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80

Three things to check during rain

Tires, Wipers, Low Beam

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81

Overdriving

_________ headlights means driving at a speed that makes your stopping distance longer than the distance lighted by your headlights

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82

Tire Wipes

The tracks left behind by a vehicle driving that fills up with water, if driven on provides better traction

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83

Night Vision

the ability to see well in low-light conditions

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84

If the engine overheats

Turn off AC; turn on heater; after engine cools, check fluids, signal and pull off the road

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85

Brake Fade

loss of brake effectiveness due to overheating

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86

Causes of power steering failure

fluid contamination, low fluid, snapping belt, worn pump, fluid leaks

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87

9 things you should do in a car crash

Check for Injuries. Stay at the Scene. Call the Police. Exchange Information. Talk to Any Witnesses Take Pictures. Contact Your Insurance Company. Keep Track of Medical Treatment and Property Damage. Talk to attorney

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88

Tire Blowout Causes

-Impact Damage -Too much weight -Punctures -Low air -Uneven tread -Old or defective tires

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89

What to do if you vehicle catches fire?

-Stop the car and turn off ignition -Get everyone out of the car -Don't allow anyone to go back into the car -Move away from the burning vehicle

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90

Drivers Fitness

How well a person can operate their vehicle

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91

Emotions tat can affect you when driving

Anger, Anxiety, Joy, Sadness

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92

Responses to an aggressive driver

-Get out of their way and don't challenge them -Put your pride away -Stay calm and ignore them -Use horn sparingly -Adjust your attitude and drive correctly yourself

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93

Road Rage

driving with the intent to harm others, losing control of your emotions when driving

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94

Three types of fatigue

-Physical -Emotional/Mental -Medication

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95

Binge Drinking

rapid consumption of a high number of alcoholic beverages in a short period of time

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96

How much alcohol can your liver process in one hour?

1 drink per hour

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97

Implied Consent Law

If you drive, you agree to a breath test following an arrest for drinking and driving/

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98

Car Filters

-Oil -Fuel -Cabin -Air

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99

Being Fuel Efficient While driving

-Lower than 40 mph don't use air conditioner, higher use air conditioner -maintain an even speed -don't overpack the vehicle -cruise control

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100

Carbon monoxide

a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas CO detector, coughing

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