Lecture Unit 2: Chapter 6: (Emotions) : Concepts (aka Definitions) : 34 Slides

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Emotions: What are these three facts about Emotions?

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Social Psychology: PSY 3630 : Emotions Chapter

205 Terms

1

Emotions: What are these three facts about Emotions?

  1. Reaction to specific people or events.

  2. Associated with physiological changes.

  3. Helps people to meet social goals.

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2

True or False: Emotions are specific?

True

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3

Emotions last for ….. ? Rather than …. ?

Seconds or Minutes ….. Rather than for Hours or Days.

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4

The Emotional Facial expression lasts between ….. to …. seconds?

1 to 5 seconds.

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5

The Appraisal Process are ….. (Hint: How ….. and …. in our environment are evaluated to our current goals)

How objects and events in our environment are evaluated to our current goals.

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6

The Primary Appraisals lead to either a …. or a …. feeling?

Lead to either a pleasant or an unpleasant feeling.

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7

In the Primary Appraisal the automatic positive or negative appraisal is made from:

An event or a Circumstance

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8

The Primary Appraisal evaluates whether …. (Hint) the (End Hint) is …. with one’s goals

Whether the event is Congruent or Incongruent with one’s goals.

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9

The Secondary Appraisals lead to these four emotions?

Fear, Anger, Pride, and Guilt

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10

The Secondary Appraisal Stage asks “Why do we …. “ ?

“Why do we feel the way that we do” ?

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11

The Secondary Appraisal stage evaluates the different ways to …. events and understand the …. of the …..

Respond to event and Understand the Consequences of the Responses.

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12

The Core-relating Themes are Themes that …. purpose of each emotion.

Themes that define the purpose of each emotion.

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13

“That’s Unfair” may trigger …. ?

Anger.

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14

“That’s Dangerous” May Trigger ….. ?

Fear.

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15

What themes are similar across cultures?

Core-relational.

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16

Appraising something as unfair may lead to …. ?

Anger in any Culture.

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17

Title: University and Culture Specialty of Emotion

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18

Emotions are …. that are meant to promote survival and ….

Behavioral based adaptations that are meant to promote survival and reproduction.

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19

Physiological responses are ….. ?

Cross - Cultural.

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20

What are the four Physiological responses?

Facial expressions, Heart Rate, Breathing, and Vocalizations

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21

True or False: Emotions vary from culture to culture?

True.

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22

Emotions are influenced by …. (Hint: View of Self)

Influenced by View of Self, Social Views, and Social Roles.

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23

Emotions should be expressed in different ….. and in …. cultures?

Different ways and in Different cultures

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24

True or False: Emotions are universal?

True.

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25

Each culture may have different …. and …. .. rules?

Different accents and Display of rules

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26

Title: Darwin Thesis and Hypothesis

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27

Are Human facial expressions learned?

No.

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28

People who are blind would do what …. ? Despite having never seen a single facial expression.

People who are born blind would show the same facial expressions as the people who have sight.

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29

Darwin’s Thesis implied that Human emotions derive from …. and …. …. …. mammal and primate ancestors.

Derive from motivation and evolutionary advantages obtained from our mammal and primate ancestors.

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30

True or False: Are Human emotions universal?

True.

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31

True or False: Human display of emotions resemble animal display of emotions?

True.

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32

True or False: The “attack posture” is used by mammals?

True.

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33

Facial expressions of a….. resembles …. …. and …. …. used by mammals .

Anger resembles threat displays and attack postures of mammals.

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34

Title: Universality of Facial Expressions

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35

Paul Ekman and his colleagues found that …. ? for the Primary Emotions are recognized …. …. …. ?

Facial expressions for the Primary Emotions are recognized cross culturally.

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36

The “Fore of Papua New Guinea is a …. ?

Culture.

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37

Happiness, Suprise, Sadness, Anger, Disgust, and Fear are all expressions of …. ?

Emotion.

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38

Cultures never exposed to the Western media can identify these six expressions of emotion?

Happiness, Suprise, Sadness, Anger, Disgust, and Fear

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39

The United States students accurately identified the ….. ?

Facial expressions that were displayed by the “Fore of New Guinea” .

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40

Facial expressions may be ….. ?

Innate

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41

Title: Cultural Specifity of Emotion

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42

Cultural rules that …. ?

Govern when and how. Emotions should be expressed.

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43

When are emotions expressed?

Culturally specific.

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44

Example: In India, embarrassment is expressed by …. ?

Biting their tongues.

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45

True or False: Emotions are more frequently emphasized in some cultures ?

True.

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46

Collectivists may express more …. ?

Shame and Embarrassment.

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47

Individualists may express more …. ?

Pride.

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48

True or False: Societies with a culture of honor may express more anger?

True.

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49

Some cultures may …. more emotions?

Hyperrecognize.

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50

Definition: Hyperrecognize

Have multiple words for an expression.

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51

True or False: Do cultures show variation in the expression of emotions ?

True.

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52

What do culture rules about emotions?

When and How emotions should be expressed.

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53

What are independent cultures better at ?

Communicating through Touch.

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54

True or False: Do interdependent cultures touch each other more within a conversation?

True.

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55

What did Jourard do in 1966 ?

Observed friends in a cafe?

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56

How many times did the British friends touch each other?

0 Times

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57

How many times did the American friends touch each other?

Twice

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58

Puerto Rican friends touched each other …. …. times ?

180 Times.

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59

Title Module: 6.2

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60

Title: : Emotions and Social Relationships: Touch and Closeness

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61

What can promote closeness in social relationships?

Touch.

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62

Touch is …. ?

Pleasurable and Rewarding.

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63

What is the largest organ ?

Skin.

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64

What can touch release ?

Oxytocin.

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65

During stress what can touch reduce …. ?

Hormones.

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66

Title: Touch encourages …. ?

Reciprocity.

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67

In primates, Touch increases the …. ?

Likelihood of sharing food with grooming partners.

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68

In humans, Touch increases the …. and …. with requests ?

Cooperation and Compliance.

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69

True or False: In Social settings, Touch can signal Social Emotions like Gratitude and Compassion?

True

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70

In one study, what were participants allowed to communicate …. from Touch Alone without …. ?

Different emotions from Touch Alone without being able to see or hear the other person.

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71

True or False: Interdependent cultures maybe able to communicate emotions through Touch than independent cultures?

True.

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72

Title: Emotions and Social Relationships: Mimicry

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73

Example: Laugh when …. ? Blush when …. ?

Laugh …. Blush

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74

What did studies find ?

People unconsciously imitate each other.

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75

Especially mimic the …. ?

Emotions of others.

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76

When doing amusing tasks what will friends do?

Mimic eachother’s laughter.

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77

True or False: Strangers will not mimic eachother’s laughter?

True.

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78

Over the course of a year. The college roommate emotions will …. to the other roommates?

Become similar.

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79

True or False: Roommates who are closer friends mimicked each other more than those who were less close friends?

True.

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80

Title: Emotions and Social Relationships: Neurotransmitters

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81

Oxytocin is a …. ?

Hormone and Neurotransmitter.

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82

True or False: Oxytocin is involved in …. …. in non-human animals?

Care Giving and Monogamous Mating …. True.

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83

When is Oxytocin released?

Childbirth, Breastfeeding, and Orgasm.

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84

Oxytocin may be involved in the …. ?

Feelings of Love.

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85

What happened when women were asked to recall warm feelings about another person?

Gestural displays of love.

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86

Gestural displays of love were associated with …. ?

Higher levels of oxytocin in the bloodstream.

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87

True or False: Oxytocin may encourage trust amongst strangers?

True.

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88

During the “Trust Game” what were participants asked to do when they were given a certain amount of money?

Share the money with the stranger.

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89

What is the stranger allowed to do with the money?

Choose how much to give back to the participant.

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90

What were participants who inhaled oxytocin vs inhaling a placebo pill twice as likely to do?

Give a maximum amount of their money to the stranger and trust them to return the money.

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91

Title: Emotions within and Between groups

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92

Within Groups, emotions like anger can increase …. within a group ?

Social Power.

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93

Example: Within Groups, emotions are linked to ….

Higher perceptions of Social Status.

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94

True or False: Within Groups, emotions have more power in negotiations.

True.

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95

What can displays of emotion like embarrassment or shame lead to?

Decreased Social Power.

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96

Title: Intergroup Emotion Theory

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97

What do people feel in times of conflict?

Anger and Contempt.

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98

In times of conflict who do people feel anger and contempt towards …. ?

Outgroups that are viewed as less powerful.

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In times of conflict who do people fear …. ?

Outgroups are viewed as more powerful.

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100

Title: Infrahumanization

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