Health Science 1 Final

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Exercising for prolong periods without adequate rest would cause a(n): A. buildup of lactic acid. B. increase in blood sugar. C. increases atrophy. D. loss of minerals in bon

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1

Exercising for prolong periods without adequate rest would cause a(n): A. buildup of lactic acid. B. increase in blood sugar. C. increases atrophy. D. loss of minerals in bon

A. buildup of lactic acid.

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2
  1. Regular exercise and training will:

A. cause lactic acid. B. improve muscle tone. C. antagonize circulation. D. reduce muscle efficiency.

B. improve muscle tone.

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3
  1. Joe lifts weights daily. He has a bulging through a weak abdominal muscle. What is his diagnosis? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.01 RBT:

A. Fibromyalgia B. Hernia C. Muscular Dystrophy D. Tendonitis

B. Hernia

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4
  1. When Joe flexes his bicep, what characteristic of muscles describes what is happening to his bicep? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.01 RBT:

A. Contractibility B. Elasticity C. Excitability D. Extensibility

A. Contractibility

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5
  1. Cory stretches every night after running. What is his desired outcome? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.01 RBT:

A. Atrophy B. Contractibility C. Extensibility D. Hypertrophy

C. Extensibility

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6
  1. Eating a diet high in calcium will improve the health of your bones, teeth, and nervous system as well as: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.02 RBT:

A. aid in blood clotting. B. heal damaged tissue. C. produce energy. D. promote growth.

A. aid in blood clotting.

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7
  1. Weston presented in the emergency department with abdominal pain and nausea after eating a meal that was high in fat. His symptoms indicate a diagnosis of: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.02 RBT:

A. cholelithiasis. B. gastroenteritis. C. gastroesophageal reflux. D. hepatitis C.

A. cholelithiasis.

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8
  1. Ashely experienced pain and burning in the epigastric region when she lays flat in bed. This condition improves when she raises the head of her bed. She has: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.02 RBT:

A. cholelithiasis. B. gastroenteritis. C. gastroesophageal reflux. D. hepatitis B.

C. gastroesophageal reflux.

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9
  1. The spread of which disorder characterized by nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea could be prevented by practicing good handwashing? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.02 RBT:

A. Cholecyctitis B. Gastroenteritis C. Inflammatory bowel disease D. Hepatitis C

B. Gastroenteritis

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10
  1. Runners who eat pancakes and pasta before a race choose these foods because these foods provide extra: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.02 RBT:

A. energy. B. folic acid. C. iron. D. protein.

A. energy.

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11

The skin condition that is also classified as a sexually transmitted infection is: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.03 RBT:

A. acne vulgaris. B. athlete's foot. C. herpes simplex. D. plantar warts

C. herpes simplex.

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12

Skin conditions caused by contact with allergens, frequent handwashing, or exposure to chemicals are classified as: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.03 RBT:

A. acne. B. athlete's foot. C. dermatitis. D. herpes simplex.

C. dermatitis.

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13

The evaporation of perspiration enables which function of the integumentary system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.03 RBT:

A. Production of vitamin D B. Protection from the sun C. Regulation of body temperature D. Sensory perceptio

C. Regulation of body temperature

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14

Sebaceous glands produce an increased amount of sebum during adolescence leading to which integumentary system disorder? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.03 RBT:

A. Acne B. Alopecia C. Eczema D. Herpes

A. Acne

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15

Receptors for touch, cold, and pain present in the skin are responsible for which function of the integumentary system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.03 RBT:

A. Production of vitamin D B. Protection from the sun C. Regulation of body temperature D. Sensory perception

D. Sensory perception

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16

Which function of the female reproductive system is demonstrated with menarche? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.04 RBT:

A. Menopause B. Menstruation C. Ovulation D. Pregnancy

B. Menstruation

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17

Which female reproductive disorder is characterized by abdominal pain, and excessive menstrual bleeding that can lead to permanent damage of the reproductive organs and sterility? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.04 RBT:

A. Amenorrhea B. Endometriosis C. Salpingitis D. Vaginitis

B. Endometriosis

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18

Women that are sexually active should have an annual exam and screening for the early detection of cervical cancer. This screening is a:

A. colposcopy. B. laparoscopy. C. Pap smear. D. pelvimetry.

C. Pap smear.

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19

Which structure produces secretions that provide nutrients and protection to sperms upon ejaculation? A. Fallopian tubes B. Seminal vesicles C. Seminiferous tubules D. Vas deferens

B. Seminal vesicles

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20
  1. What term describes the discharge of an unfertilized ovum and degenerated endometrium from the female reproductive tract?

A. Dysmenorrhea B. Leukorrhea C. Menorrhagia D. Menstruation

D. Menstruation

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21

The pharynx, larynx, and alveoli are in which system?

A. Digestive B. Respiratory C. Sensory D. Urinary

B. Respiratory

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22

Which suffix means inflammation?

A. Itis B. Ology C. Osis D. Pathy

A. Itis

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23

What is the relationship of the skin to the muscle

A. Distal B. Lateral C. Proximal D. Superficial

D. Superficial

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24

. What is the relationship of the arms to the body?

A. Distal B. Lateral C. Medial D. Proximal

B. Lateral

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25

. What abdominal region is on either side of the epigastric region?

A. Hypochondriac B. Iliac C. Lumbar D. Umbilical

A. Hypochondriac

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26

What type of joint is the elbow?

A. Ball and socket B. Gliding C. Hinge D. Pivot

C. Hinge

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27

The axial skeleton includes bones of the:

A. arm. B. foot. C. leg. D. skull.

D. skull.

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28

The bone forming cells are: A. diaphysis. B. fontanels. C. osteoblasts. D. osteocytes.

C. osteoblasts.

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29

The shaft of the long bone is the A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

A. diaphysis.

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30

The inner lining of the long bone is the:

A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

B. endosteum.

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31

Helen is an 80 year old woman with stiff and painful joints caused by loss of articular cartilage from normal wear and tear. She suffers from: A. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

B. osteoarthritis.

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32

David has uric acid crystal deposits in his joints and has pain in his great toe. These are symptoms of a. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

A. gout.

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33

Cindy has a dislocated shoulder. Her doctor has recommended six weeks of physical therapy. This will impact which function of the skeletal system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

C. Movement

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34

Major organs of the body are located within the skull, ribs, and pelvis. What function of the skeletal system do these structures perform? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

D. Protection

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35

Injury to a muscle which involves tearing and bleeding of the muscle is called (a): NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Sprain B. Strain C. Tendonitis D. Tetanus

B. Strain

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36

Which muscle is on the posterior of the lower leg? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Gastrocnemius B. Hamstring C. Sartorius D. Vastus medialis

A. Gastrocnemius

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37

Which muscle is located on the head? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Deltoid B. Gluteus medius C. Intercostal D. Zygomaticus major

D. Zygomaticus major

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38

Which is a muscle of the arm? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Diaphragm B. Gastrocnemius C. Trapezius D. Triceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii

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39

Which body structure is made up of smooth muscle? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Biceps brachii B. Cardiac wall C. Stomach wall D. Trapezius

C. Stomach wall

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40

Sam works out at the gym 3 or 4 times a week. He can lift more weight than any of his classmates. What term would describe Sam's muscles? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. Muscular atrophy B. Muscular hypertrophy C. Myoneural D. Synergist

B. Muscular hypertrophy

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41

Mary is 44 years old. She has fluctuating weakness around her eyes, difficulty chewing, and difficulty swallowing. The doctor diagnoses Mary with an autoimmune disorder that has no cure. These symptoms describe: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

D. myasthenia gravis.

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42

Mary has muscle pain, fatigue, sleeping difficulties, depression and exercise intolerance. Her doctor has prescribed only symptomatic treatment and states that this disorder is most common in women. Mary's diagnosis is MOST LIKELY: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

A. fibromyalgia.

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43

What type of joint is the elbow?

A. Ball and socket B. Gliding C. Hinge D. Pivot

C. Hinge

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44

The axial skeleton includes bones of the:

A. arm. B. foot. C. leg. D. skull.

D. skull.

New cards
45

The bone forming cells are: A. diaphysis. B. fontanels. C. osteoblasts. D. osteocytes.

C. osteoblasts.

New cards
46

The shaft of the long bone is the A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

A. diaphysis.

New cards
47

The inner lining of the long bone is the:

A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

B. endosteum.

New cards
48

Helen is an 80 year old woman with stiff and painful joints caused by loss of articular cartilage from normal wear and tear. She suffers from: A. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

B. osteoarthritis.

New cards
49

David has uric acid crystal deposits in his joints and has pain in his great toe. These are symptoms of a. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

A. gout.

New cards
50

Cindy has a dislocated shoulder. Her doctor has recommended six weeks of physical therapy. This will impact which function of the skeletal system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

C. Movement

New cards
51

Major organs of the body are located within the skull, ribs, and pelvis. What function of the skeletal system do these structures perform? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

D. Protection

New cards
52

Injury to a muscle which involves tearing and bleeding of the muscle is called (a): NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Sprain B. Strain C. Tendonitis D. Tetanus

B. Strain

New cards
53

Which muscle is on the posterior of the lower leg? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Gastrocnemius B. Hamstring C. Sartorius D. Vastus medialis

A. Gastrocnemius

New cards
54

Which muscle is located on the head? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Deltoid B. Gluteus medius C. Intercostal D. Zygomaticus major

D. Zygomaticus major

New cards
55

Which is a muscle of the arm? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Diaphragm B. Gastrocnemius C. Trapezius D. Triceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii

New cards
56

Which body structure is made up of smooth muscle? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Biceps brachii B. Cardiac wall C. Stomach wall D. Trapezius

C. Stomach wall

New cards
57

Sam works out at the gym 3 or 4 times a week. He can lift more weight than any of his classmates. What term would describe Sam's muscles? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. Muscular atrophy B. Muscular hypertrophy C. Myoneural D. Synergist

B. Muscular hypertrophy

New cards
58

Mary is 44 years old. She has fluctuating weakness around her eyes, difficulty chewing, and difficulty swallowing. The doctor diagnoses Mary with an autoimmune disorder that has no cure. These symptoms describe: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

D. myasthenia gravis.

New cards
59

Mary has muscle pain, fatigue, sleeping difficulties, depression and exercise intolerance. Her doctor has prescribed only symptomatic treatment and states that this disorder is most common in women. Mary's diagnosis is MOST LIKELY: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

A. fibromyalgia.

New cards
60

What type of joint is the elbow?

A. Ball and socket B. Gliding C. Hinge D. Pivot

C. Hinge

New cards
61

The axial skeleton includes bones of the:

A. arm. B. foot. C. leg. D. skull.

D. skull.

New cards
62

The bone forming cells are: A. diaphysis. B. fontanels. C. osteoblasts. D. osteocytes.

C. osteoblasts.

New cards
63

The shaft of the long bone is the A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

A. diaphysis.

New cards
64

The inner lining of the long bone is the:

A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

B. endosteum.

New cards
65

Helen is an 80 year old woman with stiff and painful joints caused by loss of articular cartilage from normal wear and tear. She suffers from: A. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

B. osteoarthritis.

New cards
66

David has uric acid crystal deposits in his joints and has pain in his great toe. These are symptoms of a. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

A. gout.

New cards
67

Cindy has a dislocated shoulder. Her doctor has recommended six weeks of physical therapy. This will impact which function of the skeletal system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

C. Movement

New cards
68

Major organs of the body are located within the skull, ribs, and pelvis. What function of the skeletal system do these structures perform? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

D. Protection

New cards
69

Injury to a muscle which involves tearing and bleeding of the muscle is called (a): NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Sprain B. Strain C. Tendonitis D. Tetanus

B. Strain

New cards
70

Which muscle is on the posterior of the lower leg? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Gastrocnemius B. Hamstring C. Sartorius D. Vastus medialis

A. Gastrocnemius

New cards
71

Which muscle is located on the head? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Deltoid B. Gluteus medius C. Intercostal D. Zygomaticus major

D. Zygomaticus major

New cards
72

Which is a muscle of the arm? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Diaphragm B. Gastrocnemius C. Trapezius D. Triceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii

New cards
73

Which body structure is made up of smooth muscle? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Biceps brachii B. Cardiac wall C. Stomach wall D. Trapezius

C. Stomach wall

New cards
74

Sam works out at the gym 3 or 4 times a week. He can lift more weight than any of his classmates. What term would describe Sam's muscles? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. Muscular atrophy B. Muscular hypertrophy C. Myoneural D. Synergist

B. Muscular hypertrophy

New cards
75

Mary is 44 years old. She has fluctuating weakness around her eyes, difficulty chewing, and difficulty swallowing. The doctor diagnoses Mary with an autoimmune disorder that has no cure. These symptoms describe: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

D. myasthenia gravis.

New cards
76

Mary has muscle pain, fatigue, sleeping difficulties, depression and exercise intolerance. Her doctor has prescribed only symptomatic treatment and states that this disorder is most common in women. Mary's diagnosis is MOST LIKELY: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

A. fibromyalgia.

New cards
77

What type of joint is the elbow?

A. Ball and socket B. Gliding C. Hinge D. Pivot

C. Hinge

New cards
78

The axial skeleton includes bones of the:

A. arm. B. foot. C. leg. D. skull.

D. skull.

New cards
79

The bone forming cells are: A. diaphysis. B. fontanels. C. osteoblasts. D. osteocytes.

C. osteoblasts.

New cards
80

The shaft of the long bone is the A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

A. diaphysis.

New cards
81

The inner lining of the long bone is the:

A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

B. endosteum.

New cards
82

Helen is an 80 year old woman with stiff and painful joints caused by loss of articular cartilage from normal wear and tear. She suffers from: A. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

B. osteoarthritis.

New cards
83

David has uric acid crystal deposits in his joints and has pain in his great toe. These are symptoms of a. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

A. gout.

New cards
84

Cindy has a dislocated shoulder. Her doctor has recommended six weeks of physical therapy. This will impact which function of the skeletal system? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

C. Movement

New cards
85

Major organs of the body are located within the skull, ribs, and pelvis. What function of the skeletal system do these structures perform? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.03 RBT:

A. Hemopoiesis B. Mineral storage C. Movement D. Protection

D. Protection

New cards
86

Injury to a muscle which involves tearing and bleeding of the muscle is called (a): NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Sprain B. Strain C. Tendonitis D. Tetanus

B. Strain

New cards
87

Which muscle is on the posterior of the lower leg? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Gastrocnemius B. Hamstring C. Sartorius D. Vastus medialis

A. Gastrocnemius

New cards
88

Which muscle is located on the head? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Deltoid B. Gluteus medius C. Intercostal D. Zygomaticus major

D. Zygomaticus major

New cards
89

Which is a muscle of the arm? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Diaphragm B. Gastrocnemius C. Trapezius D. Triceps brachii

D. Triceps brachii

New cards
90

Which body structure is made up of smooth muscle? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.04 RBT:

A. Biceps brachii B. Cardiac wall C. Stomach wall D. Trapezius

C. Stomach wall

New cards
91

Sam works out at the gym 3 or 4 times a week. He can lift more weight than any of his classmates. What term would describe Sam's muscles? NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. Muscular atrophy B. Muscular hypertrophy C. Myoneural D. Synergist

B. Muscular hypertrophy

New cards
92

Mary is 44 years old. She has fluctuating weakness around her eyes, difficulty chewing, and difficulty swallowing. The doctor diagnoses Mary with an autoimmune disorder that has no cure. These symptoms describe: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

D. myasthenia gravis.

New cards
93

Mary has muscle pain, fatigue, sleeping difficulties, depression and exercise intolerance. Her doctor has prescribed only symptomatic treatment and states that this disorder is most common in women. Mary's diagnosis is MOST LIKELY: NCCTE.9_12.HS.HU40.1.05 RBT:

A. fibromyalgia. B. muscle spasm. C. muscular dystrophy. D. myasthenia gravis.

A. fibromyalgia.

New cards
94

What type of joint is the elbow?

A. Ball and socket B. Gliding C. Hinge D. Pivot

C. Hinge

New cards
95

The axial skeleton includes bones of the:

A. arm. B. foot. C. leg. D. skull.

D. skull.

New cards
96

The bone forming cells are: A. diaphysis. B. fontanels. C. osteoblasts. D. osteocytes.

C. osteoblasts.

New cards
97

The shaft of the long bone is the A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

A. diaphysis.

New cards
98

The inner lining of the long bone is the:

A. diaphysis. B. endosteum. C. epiphysis. D. periosteum.

B. endosteum.

New cards
99

Helen is an 80 year old woman with stiff and painful joints caused by loss of articular cartilage from normal wear and tear. She suffers from: A. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

B. osteoarthritis.

New cards
100

David has uric acid crystal deposits in his joints and has pain in his great toe. These are symptoms of a. gout. B. osteoarthritis. C. osteoporosis. D. rheumatoid arthritis.

A. gout.

New cards

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