12: Myology & Connective Tissue SA Pelvic

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Definition:

Fascia

1 / 159

Tags and Description

160 Terms

1

Definition:

Fascia

Thick connective tissue that covers muscle

New cards
2

Definition:

Fascia lata

-extensive, thick connective tissue on craniolateral aspect of thigh

New cards
3

Definition:

Crural fascia

-extends from fascia lata distally to leg

New cards
4

How many gluteal muscles?

3

-superficial, middle, deep gluteal

New cards
5

Where do the gluteal mm orginate and insert?

-originate from pelvis

-insert on proximal femur

New cards
6
term image

-middle gluteal muscle

New cards
7
term image

-superficial gluteal muscle

New cards
8
term image

-m. Gluteus superficialis

New cards
9
term image

-m gluteus medius

New cards
10
term image

-m. Gluteus profundus

New cards
11

Where does the superficial gluteal muscle insert?

-3rd trochanterr

New cards
12

Where do the middle and deep gluteal muscles insert?

-greater trochanter

New cards
13

What is the main function of the gluteus mm (and 3 sub functions?

-extend the hip

  • rotate hip medially; extend/abduct hip

New cards
14
term image

Fascia lata

New cards
15
term image

Fascia lata

New cards
16
<p>(Red)</p>

(Red)

Deep gluteal muscle

New cards
17
<p>(Red)</p>

(Red)

Middle gluteal muscle

New cards
18
term image

Superficial gluteal muscle

New cards
19
term image

Deep gluteal muscle

New cards
20
term image

Greater trochanter

New cards
21

what is the feline muscle modification (rump area)?

-gluteofemoralis muscle

New cards
22

location:

Gluteofemoralis muscle

–caudal to the superficial gluteal muscle

New cards
23
term image

Gluteofemoralis muscle (feline)

New cards
24

Where does the sacrotuberous ligament attach?

From the sacrum to the greater tubercle

New cards
25

definition:

Sacrotuberous ligament

Origin for the superficial gluteal muscle

New cards
26

ligament is absent in the feline?

Sacrotuberous ligament

New cards
27
term image

Sacrotuberous ligament

New cards
28

Where does the tensor fascia latae muscle originate and insert?

originates from the tuber coxae and aponeurosis

Inserts on the fascia lata

New cards
29

What is the function of the tensor fascia latae muscle?

– Tenses the fascia lata

-Flexes the hip.

-tenses the area over the cranial aspect of the stifle joint, extensor of the stifle joint.

New cards
30

What is the location of the tensor fascia latae muscle?

cranial aspect of the hip joint

New cards
31
term image

tensor fascia latae muscle

New cards
32
term image

tensor fascia latae muscle

New cards
33

Where do the quadriceps femoris muscles originate?

– Either on the hip, rectus, femoris, muscle, or the proximal femur

New cards
34

what is important to note about the distal tendons of the quadricep femoris muscles?

combine to form the patellar tendon/ligament

New cards
35

where does the quadriceps femoris muscles insert?

tibial tuberosity

New cards
36

Definition: patellar tendon

-attaches muscle to bone

Quadriceps muscle group to patella

New cards
37

definition: patellar ligament

-Attaches bone to bone

-patella to tibial tuberosity

New cards
38

which nerve innervates all four heads of the quadriceps muscle group?

femoral nerve

New cards
39

What is the main function of the quadriceps muscle grp?

extensor of the stifle joint

New cards
40

What happens if the femoral nerve is damaged?

– The animal cannot bear weight on the pelvic limb

New cards
41

what are the four heads of the quadriceps muscle group?

– Vastus lateralis muscle (vast and lateral)

-vastus intermedius muscle (deep to rectus)

-Vastus medialis muscle (vast and medial)

-Rectus femoris muscle (straight)

New cards
42

What is the function of the rectus femoris muscle?

- Flexes the hip.

– extends the stifle.

New cards
43
term image

Rectus femoris muscle

New cards
44
term image

Vastus lateralis muscle

New cards
45
term image

Vastus lateralis muscle

New cards
46
term image

Greater trochanter

New cards
47
term image

Rectus femoris muscle

New cards
48
term image

Vastus medialis muscle

New cards
49
term image

Rectus femoris muscle

New cards
50
term image

Vastus medialis muscle

New cards
51
term image

Vastus lateralis muscle

New cards
52
term image

Rectus femoris muscle

New cards
53
term image

Vastus medialis muscle

New cards
54

Definition: iliopsoas muscle

– Flexer of the hip

Source of a lot of chronic pain in dogs

New cards
55

Where does the iliopsoas muscle originate?

– Ventral part of lumbar vertebrae, ilium

New cards
56

where does the iliopsoas muscle attach?

– lesser trochanter

New cards
57
term image

Iliopsoas muscle

New cards
58

definition: sartorius muscle

– Innervated by the Femoral nerve

– known as the tailors muscle, because Taylor's follow this line of muscle when measuring the inseam of a pad.

– thin, flat; cranial, caudal

New cards
59

Location: sartorius muscle

-superficial to vastus medialis muscle

New cards
60

What is the function of the sartorius muscle?

– Flex hip.

– flex caudal extend cranial stifle

New cards
61
term image

Sartorius muscle

New cards
62

What is another name for the caudal thigh muscle?

hamstring muscles

New cards
63

What nerve innervates the caudal thigh muscles?

Sciatic nerve

New cards
64

Where do the coddled by muscles/hamstring muscles insert on the pelvic limb?

Cranial and caudal aspects

New cards
65

What is the action of the hamstring muscles?

- broad pull on the limb (thigh through hock), resulting in a powerful thrust forward

New cards
66

What are the three hamstring muscles?

- biceps femoris muscle.

–semitendinosus muscle

– semimembranosus muscle

New cards
67

Where does the biceps femoris muscle lie?

-caudolateral

New cards
68

Where does the biceps femoris muscle originate?

-ischiatic tuberosity

-sacrotuberous ligament

New cards
69

What is the function of the biceps femoris muscle?

-flex and extend the stifle joint

New cards
70

How does the biceps femoris muscle extend the stifle?

By contracting

New cards
71

What is another name for the Achilles tendon?

Common calcaneal

New cards
72

What does the biceps femoris muscle in Achilles tendon do?

Extends the hock

Extends the hip

New cards
73

Where does the semitendinosus muscle lie?

-caudolateral

New cards
74

Where does the semitendinosus muscle originate and insert?

-ischiatic tuberosity

Inserts on the tibia

New cards
75

What is the function of the semitendinosus muscle?

Extend the hip, flex the stifle joint

New cards
76

With the common calcaneal tendon what is the function of the semi tendinosus muscle?

Extends hock

New cards
77
term image

biceps femoris muscle

New cards
78
term image

Biceps Femoris muscle

New cards
79
term image

Semitendinosus muscle

New cards
80
New cards
81
term image

Semitendinosus muscle

New cards
82
term image

Semitendinosus muscle

New cards
83
term image

biceps femoris muscle

New cards
84
term image

Semitendinosus muscle

New cards
85
term image

Semimembranosus muscle

New cards
86

Where does the semimembranosus muscle lie?

Caudomedial

New cards
87

Where does the semimembranosus muscle originate?

Ischiatic tuberosity

With the biceps femoris and semitendinosus muscles

New cards
88

Where does the semimembranosus muscle attach?

Distal Femur and proximal tibia

New cards
89

What is the function of the semimembranosus muscle?

Extend the hip and flex/extend stifle joint

New cards
90
term image

Biceps femoris muscle

New cards
91
term image

Semitendinosus muscle

New cards
92
term image

Semimembranous muscle

New cards
93

What are the three main adductor muscles in the pelvic limbs?

Adductor,gracilis, pectineus

New cards
94

Where do the adductor muscles originate?

From pubic synthesis or pubis

New cards
95

What nerve innervates the adductor muscle group?

Obturator nerve

New cards
96

deifinition: adductor muscle

–thick muscle

– adducts the limb, extends the hip

New cards
97

Definition: gracilis muscle

– Superficial to adductor muscle.

-Contributes to common calcanean tendon.

New cards
98

Definition: pectineus muscle

– Small muscle

– cranial to gracilis muscle.

– mix up part of femoral triangle.

New cards
99
term image

pectineus muscle

New cards
100
term image

adductor muscle

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 84 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 40 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 106 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard55 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)