Lab 4 - Face, Nose, Tongue and Eye

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orbicularis oculi

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1

orbicularis oculi

muscle around the orbit of the eye

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2

closes the eyelids

function of orbicularis oculi muscle

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3

orbicularis oris

muscle around the lips

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4

acts as an oral sphincter - puckering

function of orbicularis oris muscle

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5

procerus

muscle in between the eyebrows

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6

furrows eyebrows, wrinkles nose

function of procerus muscle

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7

nasalis

muscle on the middle of the nose

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8

flares nostrils

function of nasalis muscle

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9

occipitofrontalis

muscle composed of occipitalis, frontalis, and epicranial aponeurosis

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10

elevates eyebrows, wrinkles forehead

function of occipitofrontalis muscle

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11

occipitalis

muscle on occipital bone

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12

frontalis

muscle on forehead

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13

levator labii superioris alaeque nasi

muscle that originates from the maxilla and inserts at the nose/upper lip

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14

elevates upper lip and flares nostrils

function f the LLSAN muscle

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15

platysma

muscle on anterior aspect of neck

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16

pulls down mandible and corners of lips

function of platysma muscle

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17

frontalis

what muscle is number 1

<p>what muscle is number 1</p>
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18

epicranial aponeurosis

what is number 2

<p>what is number 2</p>
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19

occipitofrontalis

what muscle is number 1+2+3

<p>what muscle is number 1+2+3</p>
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20

temporalis

what muscle is number 4

<p>what muscle is number 4</p>
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21

procerus

what muscle is number 10

<p>what muscle is number 10</p>
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22

levator labii superioris alaeque nasi

what muscle is number 9

<p>what muscle is number 9</p>
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23

nasalis

what muscle is number 8

<p>what muscle is number 8</p>
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24

orbicularis oculi

what muscle is number 7

<p>what muscle is number 7</p>
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25

orbicularis oris

what muscle is number 6

<p>what muscle is number 6</p>
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26

platysma

what muscle is number 5

<p>what muscle is number 5</p>
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27

occipitalis

what muscle is number 3

<p>what muscle is number 3</p>
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28

elevation and protrusion of mandible

function of the masseter muscle

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29

depression and protrusion of mandible

function of lateral pterygoid muscle

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30

elevation and protrusion of mandible

function of medial pterygoid muscle

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31

inflation of cheeks

function of buccinator muscle

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32

temporomandibular joint

joint with attachments at temporal and mandible bones

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33

lateral TMJ ligament

ligament with attachments at zygomatic arch and neck of mandible

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34

stylomandibular

attachments at styloid process and mandibular angle

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35

sphenomandibular

attachments at spine of sphenoid and lingula of mandible

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36

trigeminal neuralgia

chronic pain resulting from damage to CN V

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37

Bell's palsy

muscle weakness of one half of the face from damage to CN VII

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38

crown

external part of tooth

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39

enamel

most superficial layer of tooth

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40

dentin

part of tooth deep to enamel

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41

pulp cavity

chamber in the center of the tooth

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42

neck

part of tooth that connects crown and root

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43

gingiva

gums around a tooth

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44

root

bottom part of tooth

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45

root canal

interior of root

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46

cementum

thin outer layer of the root canal

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47

periodontal ligament

ligament found between tooth and alveolar process

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48

coronectomy

technical name for wisdom teeth removal

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49

sclera

most superficial layer of the eye

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50

choroid

middle layer of the eye

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51

retina

most deep layer of the eye

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52

photoreceptors

rods and cones are what

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53

cornea

clear outer covering of the eye

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54

aqueous humor

fluid in the anterior chamber

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55

lens

transparent structure behind the pupil

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56

ciliary bodies

these are found between the choroid and the iris

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57

ora serrata

posterior to lens

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58

iris

colored part of the eye

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59

pupil

center of the iris

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60

vitreous humor

fluid in the posterior cavity

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61

optic disk

junction w/ the optic nerve

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62

tapetum lucidum

this allows nocturnal animals to have "night vision"

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63

vallate papillae

what type of papillae is 1

<p>what type of papillae is 1</p>
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64

foliate papillae

what type of papillae is 2

<p>what type of papillae is 2</p>
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65

fungiform papillae

what type of papillae is 3

<p>what type of papillae is 3</p>
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66

filiform papillae

what type of papillae is 4

<p>what type of papillae is 4</p>
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67

sublingual gland

what gland is 1

<p>what gland is 1</p>
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68

submandibular gland

what gland is 2

<p>what gland is 2</p>
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69

tongue

what is 1

<p>what is 1</p>
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70

nasopharynx

what is 2

<p>what is 2</p>
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71

soft palate

what is 3

<p>what is 3</p>
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72

oropharynx

what is 4

<p>what is 4</p>
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73

larynx

what is 5

<p>what is 5</p>
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74

esophagus

what is 6

<p>what is 6</p>
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75

nasal septum

what is 7

<p>what is 7</p>
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76

epiglottis

what is 8

<p>what is 8</p>
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77

hard palate

what is 9

<p>what is 9</p>
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78

uvula

what is 10

<p>what is 10</p>
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79

upper lip

what is 11

<p>what is 11</p>
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80

oral cavity

what is 12

<p>what is 12</p>
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81

lingual tonsils

tonsils on the posterior side of the tongue

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82

pharyngeal tonsils

tonsils behind the nasal cavity

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83

palatine tonsils

tonsils at the posterior of the roof of the mouth

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84

palatine tonsils

what tonsils are most commonly removed?

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85

nasal bone

bone at the top of the nose, between the eyes

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86

perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone

top part of the nasal septum (bony landmark + bone)

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87

palatine process of maxilla

anterior 3/4 of the hard palate of the mouth

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88

hard palate

plate that forms the roof of the mouth

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89

soft palate

posterior 1/4 of the roof of the mouth

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90

major alar cartilage

sides of the tip of the nose/external part of nostrils

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91

cribriform plate

top of the ethmoid bone

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92

naris

nostrils

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93

nasal septum

interior midline of the nose

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94

superior concha

top concha

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95

inferior concha

bottom concha

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96

superior meatus

space between superior and middle nasal conchas

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97

middle meatus

space between middle and inferior conchas

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98

inferior meatus

space between inferior concha and bottom of nasal cavity

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99

pharyngeal orifice

opening of pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube

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nasopharynx

top of throat connecting your nose to respiratory system

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