BTNY 3624 Exam 1 Anita, Magnoliids, Early Diverging Eudicots

studied byStudied by 2 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Monocots: Floral parts in 3s, Fibrous roots, Scattered Vascular bundles, Parallel venation, monosulcate pollen

Dicots:

1 / 120

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

121 Terms

1

Monocots: Floral parts in 3s, Fibrous roots, Scattered Vascular bundles, Parallel venation, monosulcate pollen

Dicots:

List the differences between monocots and dicots

New cards
2

Annonaceae

Habitat: Woody trees, shrubs, or vines, with ethereal oil cells

Leaves: Simple and Distichous

Stipules: Absent

Inflorescence: Solitary flowers or cyme

Flowers: Bisexual, actinomorphic

Perianth: Triseriate (3+3+3)

Androecium: Many Stamens, Spirally arranged

Gynoecium: Many carpels, spirally arranged, superior ovary, free carpels, variable placentation

Fruit: Aggregate of berries or dry, indehiscent fruit, or a syncarp due to berry fusion, seeds produce ruminate endosperm

New cards
3

Annonaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
4

Annonaceae

(Distichous leaves)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
5

Magnoliaceae

Habit: woody trees or shrubs, with ethereal oil cells

Leaves: simple and alternate

Stipules: present

Inflorescence: terminal solitary flower

Flowers: bisexual (rarely unisexual), actinomorphic

Perianth: many spiral tepals, ephemeral bract(s) enclosing each flower

Androecium: many laminar stamens, spirally arranged

Gynoecium: many carpels, spirally arranged, superior ovary, free carpels, each with two ovules, marginal placentation

Fruit: aggregate of follicles, samaras, or berries

New cards
6

Magnoliaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
7

Lauraceae

Habit: woody trees or shrubs with aromatic oil cells

Leaves: simple and spiral, rarely opposite or whorled

Stipules: absent

Inflorescence: axillary cyme or raceme

Flowers: bisexual or unisexual

Perianth: usually 3+3 tepals

Androecium: 3-30 stamens, valvate anthers

Gynoecium: one carpels, superior ovary, apical placentation, seeds lack endosperm

Fruit: berry or drupe or dry and indehiscent

New cards
8

Lauraceae

(3+3 perianth, simple leaves)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
9

Lauraceae

(Cyme)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
10

Aristolochiaceae

Habit: herbs, shrubs, or vines, with aromatic oil cells

Leaves: simple and spiral or distichous

Stipules: usually absent

Inflorescence: solitary flower or terminal or lateral racemes or cymes

Flowers: bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic

Perianth: three fused sepals and corolla absent or of three petals

Androecium: six to many, free or fused with style to form a gynostemium

Gynoecium: 3-6 carpels, inferior to half-inferior ovary, axile placentation

Fruit: capsule, rarely a schizocarp of follicles

New cards
11

Aristolochiaceae

(Fused sepals without corolla)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
12

Aristolochiaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
13

Piperaceae

Habit: herbs, shrubs, trees or vines, with aromatic oil cells

Leaves: simple and spiral

Stipules: adnate to petiole or absent

Inflorescence: spike or spadix

Flowers: bisexual or unisexual, actinomorphic, bracteat

Perianth: absent

Androecium: 3+3

Gynoecium: one or 3-4 carpels, superior ovary, basal placentation

Fruit: berry or drupe

New cards
14

Piperaceae

(Spike Flower)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
15

Piperaceae

(Spike Flower)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
16

Piperaceae

(Spike Flower)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
17

Saururaceae

Habit: perennial herbs

Leaves: simple and spiral

Stipules: present

Inflorescence: bracteate spike or raceme

Flowers: bisexual, actinomorphic

Perianth: absent

Androecium: 3, 3+3, or 4+4, sometimes adnate to base of gynoecium

Gynoecium: 3-5 carpels, superior ovary, carpels free or fused towards the base, parietal placentation

Fruit: capsule

New cards
18

Saururaceae

(Raceme)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
19

Saururaceae

(Raceme)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
20

Nymphaeaceae

Habit: rhizomatous aquatic herb, often with latex

Leaves: simple, peltate

Stipules: present or absent -Inflorescence - solitary flower

Flowers: bisexual and actinomorphic

Calyx: four to six sepals

Petals: 8-many petals

Androecium: many stamens, some laminar, spirally arranged

Gynoecium: 3-many carpels, superior to inferior ovary, fused carpels, laminar or parietal placentation -Fruit: berry

New cards
21

Nymphaeaceae

(Peltate Leaves, aquatic)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
22

Nymphaeaceae

(Peltate Leaves)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
23

Amborellaceae

Habit: woody shrub to small tree

Leaves: simple, alternate, entire to small serrations

Stipules: absent

Inflorescence - axillary cyme

Flowers: unisexual and actinomorphic

Plant dioecious

Perianth: spiral 5-8, undifferentiated

Stamen: Many laminar stamen

Gynoecium: 5-6 free carpels, superior ovary, marginal placentation, one ovule per carpel -Fruit: Drupe (or drupelet or drupecetum)

New cards
24

Amborellaceae

(Actinomorphic, Spiral Perianth)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
25

Schisandraceae

Habit: woody trees or shrubs, with aromatic oil cells

Leaves: simple and alternate

Stipules: absent

-Inflorescence: axillary solitary flower or group of 2-3 flowers

Flowers: bisexual or unisexual, actinomorphic

Perianth: 7-many undifferentiated, spiral tepals

Androecium: few to many stamens, spirally arranged

Gynoecium: 5-many carpels, whorled, superior ovary, free carpels, sub-basal placentation

Fruit: aggregate of follicles

New cards
26

Schisandraceae

(Fruit is an aggregate of follices)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
27

Schisandraceae

(Whorled Gynoecium, actinomorphic with spiral tepals)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
28

Myristicaceae

Habit: woody trees, red latex, with ethereal oil cells

Leaves: simple and distichous

Stipules: absent

Inflorescence: solitary flower or cyme

Flowers: unisexual, often dioecious, actinomorphic

Perianth: three tepals, partially connate

Androecium: many stamens fused

Gynoecium: one carpels, superior ovary

Fruit: follicle

New cards
29

Myristicaceae

(Unisexual flowers, three tepals)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
30

Myristicaceae

(Fruits are follicles)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
31

Winteraceae

Habit: woody trees or shrubs with aromatic oil cells and without vessels

Leaves: simple and spiral

Stipules: absent

Inflorescence: solitary flower or cyme

Flowers: bisexual (rarely unisexual), actinomorphic or zygomorphic

Perianth: 2-4 sepals, free to fused, 5 to many petals in 2 or more whorls

Androecium: 3-many, spirally arranged, often laminar filaments

Gynoecium: one to many free carpels, superior ovary, marginal or laminar placentation

Fruit: aggregate of berries or follicles, rarely a capsule or syncarp

New cards
32

Winteraceae

(Spiral Leaves, solitary flower)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
33

Winteraceae

(2 whorls of petals)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
34

Ranunculaceae

Habitat:

Leaves:

Inflorescence:

Flowers:

Perianth:

Androecium:

Gynoecium:

Fruit:

New cards
35

Ranunculaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
36

Ranunculaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
37

Ranunculaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
38

Ranunculaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

New cards
39

Papaveraceae

Habit: annual to perennial herbs, shrubs, or small trees, with latex

Leaves: alternate to subopposite, highly dissected

Stipules: absent

Inflorescence: solitary flower or cyme

Flowers: bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic Perianth: 2 caducous sepals, corolla is not fused, petals are in two whorls 2+2 or 3+3

Androecium: 4-6 to many stamen

Gynoecium: 2 to several fused carpels, superior ovary, parietal placentation

Fruit: longitudinally dehiscent or poricidal capsule

New cards
40

Papaveraceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
41

Papaveraceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
42

Papaveraceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
43

Platanaceae

Habitat:

Leaves:

Inflorescence:

Flowers:

Perianth:

Androecium:

Gynoecium:

Fruit:

New cards
44

Platanaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
45

Proteaceae

Habitat:

Leaves:

Inflorescence:

Flowers:

Perianth:

Androecium:

Gynoecium:

Fruit:

New cards
46

Proteaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
47

Buxaceae

Habitat: Herbs to small trees

Leaves: Opposite, simple, evergreen, coriaceous

Stipules: Absent

Inflorescence: Usually compact spikes

Flowers:

Perianth:

Androecium:

Gynoecium:

Fruit:

New cards
48

Buxaceae

(Leathery Leaves)

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
49

Berberidaceae

Habitat: Perennial herbs, shrubs, or trees

Leaves: Alternate, petiolate, simple and entire to dissected

Stipules: Usually absent

Inflorescence: Variable, solitary flower to raceme or cyme

Flowers: Bisexual, actinomorphic

Perianth: 6-7seriate, with 3 parts per whorl, the outer two whorls are sepals, and the inner whorls are petals, the innermost 2-3 whorls are nectariferous

Androecium: Six stamen (4-many) in two whorls

Gynoecium: One carpel, superior ovary, marginal placentation

Fruit: Berry

New cards
50

Berberidaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
51

Berberidaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
52

Berberidaceae

Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?

<p>Identify the family. What are some distinctive features?</p>
New cards
53

Petals, sepals, tepals

What is included in the perianth?

New cards
54

True

True or False: The microgametophyte is very reduced in angiosperms

New cards
55

False

True or False; Carpels in angiosperms are always fused.

New cards
56

Carpels

Which organ in angiosperms can be involved in self-incompatibility reactions and will develop into fruits?

New cards
57

New cards
58

7; 8; 5

How many cells are in the megagametophyte in angiosperms? How many nuclei? How many of these nuclei are involved in reproduction?

New cards
59

True

True or False: Most angiosperms have a Polygonum-type megagametophyte, but Nuphar/Schisandra-type is thought to be ancestral.

New cards
60

The time between them is shorter than in gymnosperms

The megagametophyte in angiosperms is very reduced. What effect does this have on pollination and fertilization?

New cards
61

Done

Write out the ABC model of flower development and the associated structures.

New cards
62

A and C

Which genes in the ABC model inhibit each other?

New cards
63

False

True or False: Tracheids and sieve cells usually have larger diameters Sieve tube elements and vessels.

New cards
64

130 million years

Based on fossil records, how old are angiosperms?

New cards
65

Angiosperms

Caytonia, Bennetitales, Pentoxylon, and Glossopteris are also resolved as close relatives for which plant group?

New cards
66

False

True or False; Ovule features have little use in analyzing the phylogeny of different plant groups.

New cards
67
New cards
68
New cards
69
New cards
70
New cards
71
New cards
72
New cards
73
New cards
74
New cards
75
New cards
76
New cards
77
New cards
78
New cards
79
New cards
80
New cards
81
New cards
82
New cards
83
New cards
84
New cards
85
New cards
86
New cards
87
New cards
88
New cards
89
New cards
90
New cards
91
New cards
92
New cards
93
New cards
94
New cards
95
New cards
96
New cards
97
New cards
98
New cards
99
New cards
100
New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1446 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(12)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 55 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard127 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard100 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 75 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard94 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)