PSIO 201 Lab 1.1

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Anatomical Position

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1

Anatomical Position

To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward

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2

Supine

laying face up

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3

prone

laying face down

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4

acromial region

shoulder

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5

axillary region

armpit

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6

brachial region

biceps, upper arm

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7

cubital region

elbow

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8

antebrachial region

forearm

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9

carpal

wrist

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10

palmar region

palm

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11

coxal region

hip

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12

patellar region

knee

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13

cephalic region

head

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14

facial region

face

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15

cervical region

neck

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16

thoracic region

chest and upper back

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17

sternal region

middle part betweem pecks

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18

pectoral region

pecks

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19

umbilical region

belly button

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20

abdominal region

stomach

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21

inguinal region

pelvis-groin

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22

pubic region

genital region

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23

femoral region

thigh, quads

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24

cural region

lower leg, shin, calves

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25

tarsal region

ankle

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26

plantar region

bottom of foot

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27

cranial region

head

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28

nuchal region

back of neck

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29

interscapular region

between shoulder blades

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30

scapular region

shoulder blades

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31

vertebral region

spinal column

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32

vertebral region

spinal column

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33

lumbar region

lower back, back dimples

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34

sacral region

tailbone, lower back

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35

gluteal region

butt cheeks

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36

perineal region

butt crack, area between anus and genitals

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37

popliteal region

back of knee, knee armpit

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38

calcaneal

heel

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39

ventral

toward the belly →

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40

dorsal

towards the back ←

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41

anterior

toward the front →

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42

posterior

toward the back ←

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43

cephalic

toward the head, down to up ⬆

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44

rostral

toward the nose

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45

caudal

toward the foot, up to down ⬇

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46

superior

above ⬆

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47

inferior

below ⬇️

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48

medial

towards the midline

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49

lateral

away midline

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50

roximal

closer to the point of attachment to limb

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51

distal

farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

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52

ipsilateral

same side

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53

contralateral

opposite side of the body

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54

superficial

near the surface, skin is superficial to the muscles

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55

deep

away from the surface, the bones are deep to the muscles

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56

sagital plane

divides body into left and right

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57

frontal plane

divides the body into front and back portions

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58

transverse plane

horizontal divison of the body into upper and lower portions

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59

planes

flat surfaces that divide the body or organs to visualize internal structures

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60

sections

cuts of the body or its organs made along a plane, longitudinal, cross-section

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61

arm

located between shoulder and elbow

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62

forearm

located between elbow and wrist

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63

thigh

located between groin and knee

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64

leg

located between knee and ankle

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65

upper limbs

whole arm

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66

lower limbs

whole legs

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67

abdominopelvic regions

right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac

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68

organs in right hypochondriac region

liver, gallbladder, diaphram

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69

organs in the epigastric region

stomach and liver

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70

organs in the left hypochondriac region

diaphragm, spleen, stomach

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71

organs in the right lumbar region

ascending colon of large intestine

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72

organs in umbilical region

small intestine, transverse colon of large intestine

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73

organs in the left lumbar region

descending colon of large intestine

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74

organs in the right iliac region

cecum and appendix

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75

organs in hypogastric region

urinary bladdder

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76

organs in the left iliac region

initial part of sigmoid colon

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77

quadrants of the abdomen

right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left lower quadrant

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78

organs in right upper quadrant

Liver, gallbladder, and portion of colon

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79

organs in left upper quadrant

stomach, spleen, portion of colon

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80

organs in right lower quadrant

large intestine, cecum and ascending colon, appendix

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81

organs in left lower quadrant

descending and sigmoid portions of the colon

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82

cranial cavity

contains the brain

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83

vertebral canal

\n contains the spinal cord

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84

thoracic cavity

contains heart and lungs

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85

diaphragm cavity

separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities

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86

abdominal cavity

Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other organs

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87

pelvic cavity

Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum

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88

pleural cavity

contains the lungs

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89

mediastinum

space between the lungs

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90

pericardial cavity

contains the heart

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91

what cavities does the thoracic cavity hold?

pleural and pericardial cavities

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92

what cavities does the abdominopelvic cavity hold?

abdominal and pelvic cavities

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93

serous membranes

Line body cavities that lack openings to the outside

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94

thoracic serous membranes

pleura and pericardium

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95

pleura serous membrane

surrounds a lung

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96

pericardium serous membrane

lines the pericardial cavity and covers the heart

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97

abdominal serous membranes

peritoneum

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98

peritoneum

membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

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99

visceral serous membrane

membrane covering the organ

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100

parietal serous membrane

membrane attached to the cavity wall

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