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Describe the Renaissance

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1

Describe the Renaissance

time of rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman Cultures.

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2

Who helped finance the renaissance?

Italian Merchants

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3

Humanist believed what about life?

That life has meaning

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4

Humanism Taught

that man was the center of the universe

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5

Humanism focused on

an individuals worth

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6

Civilizations that influenced Renaissance

Greek and Roman

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7

Who was a Renaissance Man

Leonardo da Vinci - scientist, inventor, engineer, and naturalist.

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8

Artists of the renaissance were interested in

nudes , immitations of nature, and pagan scenes.

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9

Raphael famous for painting

frescoes- "school of athens"

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10

Dante and Chaucer wrote in the _____________.

vernacular

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11

book written on political theory by Machiavelli

"The Prince"

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12

Don Quixote

most influential work of the Spanish golden age

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13

Invention that spread renaissance info

gutenberg printing press

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14

3 artist - high renaissance

Leonardo Raphael and Michelangelo

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15

Renaissance began where?

Italy

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16

why city-states prosper?

revival of trade

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17

baking family that ruled florence and funded the arts

de medici

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18

competition of city-states led to

advances in literature, art, music, science, education, and arcitecture.

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19

city-state linking western europe to asia

venice

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20

greatest writer

shakespeare

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21

Architects influenced by

greek and roman - vaulted ceilings, columns , and domes

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22

Talents of Michelangelo

painter, sculptor, and architect- "sistine chapel"

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23

Linear perspective

size of things diminish in the distance

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24

Age of recovery means what

recovery from the plague, from polictical instability, and decline in church power.

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25

Gutenberg revolutionized the

moveable type

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26

city-state with an efficient tax system

Milan

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27

marriages were arranged to

strengthen family businesses

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28

the split between church of England and the Roman Catholic Church was due to

Henry VIII wanted an annulment and the pope wouldn't allow it

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29

1st protestant faith

Lutheranism

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30

Peace of Augsburg 1555

princes could decide the religion of their land

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31

Council of Trents final decrees reaffirmed

Traditional catholic teachings in opposition to protestant beliefs

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32

Describe Martin Luther's 95 thesis of 1517 and what it started

it attacked indulgences and started the protestant reformation

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33

Predestination

the belief that at birth god has decided if you're going to heaven or not

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34

purpose of the Jesuits

preaching teaching and communion

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35

calvinism

started in switzerland . in england they are called puritans

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36

The inquisition or Holy Office

Suppressing heresy

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37

england's reformation rooted in

politics. NOT religion.

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38

Act of Supremacy

made the king of england head of the church of england

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39

Cause of the catholic reformation

to reform its self from the abuses of the catholic church

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40

who was the founder of the Society of Jesus

Ignatius of Loyola

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41

Edict of Worms

Made martin Luther an outlaw in the HRE

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42

Church of England est by

Henry VIII

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43

Purpose of indulgences

it was a payment made of sins in order for acceptance into heaven

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44

Major players in the Protestant Reformation

Luther, Calvin, and Henry VII

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45

John Calvin and Foreknowledge

God knows everything that will happen in your life

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46

Beliefs of Martin Luther

Bible sole authority and not the catholic church, Interpret Bible for yourself, and salvation in faith alone and not by good works or indulgences.

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47

Catholic Church Belief about Martin Luther

they believed he was a drunken monk who would change his mind once he sobered up.

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48

Best Educators in the catholic church

Jesuits

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49

Calvinist in england called _________.

puritans

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50

Henry VIII's downfall and what did he want that caused the split from the catholic church

not producing an heir to the throne and wanting his marriage annulled

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51

Result of Vasco da Gama's trip to India

he returned w spices and 1000% profit

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52

Explorer who discovered the Americas

Amerigo Vespucci

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53

Define mercantilism

economic philosophy that absolute monarchs used. it encourage more exporting than importing for the good of the kings country.

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54

Why Europeans wanted a sea route to Asia.

Turks made traveling difficult

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55

Spice Island aka

East indies or Moluccas

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56

Belief about bullion and the wealth of the country-

the more they had the more powerful and rich they were.

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57

Middle portion of triangular trade-

Middle passage

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58

Define balance of trade-

Exporting more than you import.

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59

Describe the triangular trade-

Europeon products are sent to africa then slaves to america and then american materials sent to europe so they can make the resources.

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60

N/A

deez nuts

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61

Cheif motives for eurpeon expansion

God Glory Gold

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62

Define encomienda system-

Took spanish for laborers

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63

Tech in sailing country

portugal

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64

Clinker ship

Hold up for long voyages

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65

Columbian exchange

exchange of plants, animals, slaves.

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66

Treaty of tordesillas-

line of demarcation between spain and portugalfor land.

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67

Prince henry focusion on exploration-

opened schools for navigation.

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68

Effects of spanish empire on native american people-

disease, starvation, forced labor.

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69

Most catholic king-

Phillip 2

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70

Sun king

Louis the 8th

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71

Pallace of Versailles represented-

Power and wealth of france

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72

Explain divine right of kings-

The king received there power form god and were responsible to only god.

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73

Dynasty that began with Henry of Navvare-

Bourbon

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74

7% of the french population was

Hugueots

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75

constitutionalism

consisted of a Monarch and parliament, limited government, and a large standing army.

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76

who was involved in thirty years war?

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77

who wasn't

France, Spain, and Germany

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78

England

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79

petition of rights and how it affected charles I

it reduced the power and authority of the king

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80

Absolutism and its hallmarks

ruler holds total power

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81
  1. Devine Rights

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82

2)Control All the Land

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83

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84

Edict of Nantes and who revoked it when he took the throne

protected huguenots by giving them the right to worship, all political rights, & catholic official religion. Revoked by Louis XIV

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85

Rump Parliament

what was left after Cromwell purged members of Parliament who didn't support him

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86

The Restoration

when Charles II is asked by parliament to take the throne after Cromwell military dictator ship

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87

Why Elizabeth I favored "balance of power"

to keep all major powers equal

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88

Describe the Glorious Revolution

when parliament asked william and mary to come to England and take over. James II fleas!

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89

The Whigs and Tories stance on James II taking the throne

whigs- wanted to exclude James II

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90

Tories- didn't want to interfere

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91

Oliver Cromwell established a __________ ______________ after taking control.

military dictatorship

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92

New Model army's characteristics

Doing battle for God, new military tactics, and were well trained/disciplined.

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93

Charles I execution brought fear to who?

Absolute rulers in europe that were worried that they would have the same death

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94

First Russian ruler to take the title Czar

Ivan II

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95

Peace of Westphalia, 1648

ended the thirty years war. german states can have their own religion.

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96

St. Petersburg was Peter the great's "__________ to the _______"

"Window to the West"

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97

Peter and Catherine the Great wanted to ____________ Russia.

westernize

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98

Exclusion Bill and example

Was proposed by parliament to keep James II (a catholic) from taking the throne

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99

English Bill of Rights

laid the foundation for a constitutional Monarchy

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100

Reasons for Spain's economic decline

owing more than they sold, severe inflation, spent too much on war government was inefficient , and no middle class.

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