Medical Terminology Chapter 12

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Integument

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Tags and Description

109 Terms

1

Integument

The skin or external covering of the body

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2

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

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3

Adip/o

Fat (Word Part) (A)

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4

Lip/o

Fat (Word Part) (L)

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5

Axill/o

Axilla (Armpit) (Word Part)

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6

Bacter/i

Bacteria (Word Part) (i after /) Ends in R

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7

Bacteri/o

Bacteria (Word Part) Ends in I

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8

cutene/o

Skin (Word Part) (C)

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9

Derm/a

Skin (Word Part) (D) A after /

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10

Derm/o

Skin (Word Part) (D)

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11

Dermat/o

Skin (Word Part) (D) 6 letters

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12

Erythemat/o

Erythema or redness (Word Part)

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13

Follicul/o

Follicle (Word Part)

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14

Ichthy/o

Fish (Word Part)

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15

Kerat/o

Horny tissue (Tissue containing Keratin) (Word Part)

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16

Onych/o

Nail (Word Part) (O)

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17

Ungu/o

Nail (Word Part) (U)

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18

Pil/o

Hair (Word Part) (P)

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19

Trich/o

Hair (Word Part) (T)

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20

Seb/o

Sebum (Word Part)

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21

Seps/o

Infection (Word Part)

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22

Sept/o

Infection or septum (Word Part)

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23

Xer/o

Dry (Word Part)

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24

Pilomotor muscles

Muscles that cause erection of the hairs of the skin in response to a chilly environment, emotional stimulus, or skin irritation

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25

Hair

What protects the scalp from injury

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26

Axilla

Term that means armpit

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27

Sudoriferous glands

Glands that produce sweat

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28

Perspiration

The term for the act of sweating to regulate body temperature

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29

Sebaceous glands

Glands that arise from hair follicles and produce sebum

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30

Sebum

Oily substance produced by sebaceous glands that inhibits the growth of bacteria and is responsible for lubrication of the skin

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31

Follicles

Tiny tubes of epidermal cells that contain the root of the hair shaft

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32

Ungual

Pertaining to the nail

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33

Lesion

Any visible, localized abnormality of the skin, such as a wound, rash, or sore

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34

Circumscribed lesion

Type of lesion that is well defined, giving the appearance of being able to draw a circle around it

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35

Verruca

A benign warty skin lesion with a rough surface caused by a common contagious virus

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36

Nodules

A marble-like solid lesion more than 1 cm wide and deep

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37

Cysts

A sac filled with fluid or semisolid material

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38

Macules

Nonraised, discolored spots less than 1 cm in diameter (e.g., freckles)

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39

Papules

Elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter (e.g., moles)

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40

Plaques

Elevated and circumscribed patches more than 1 cm in diameter (e.g., dandruff)

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41

Vesicles

Blisters less than 1 cm and filled with clear fluid

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42

Bullae

Blisters greater than 1 cm and filled with clear liquid

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43

Pustules

Vesicles filled with cloudy fluid or pus

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44

Wheals

Irregularly shaped, slightly raised lesions that usually itch and are seen often in an allergic skin eruption, and can be caused by food, insect stings, and certain medications

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45

Atrophy

Wasting of the epidermis; skin appears thin and transparent and loss of skin markings

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46

Ulcers

Deep, irregular erosions that extend into the dermis

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47

Fissures

Deep linear splits through the epidermis into the dermis

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48

Scales

Dried fragments of sloughed epidermis that are whitish and irregular in size and shape

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49

Keloids

Excessive overgrowth of unsightly scar tissue, after a skin injury

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50

Laceration

Torn, jagged wound

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51

Incision

Smooth-edged wound produced by a sharp instrument

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52

Aseptic

Term that means free of pathogenic organisms

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53

Puncture

Wound made by piercing

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54

Abrasion

Skin that is scraped or rubbed away by friction

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55

Contusion

Caused by injury to the body that does not break the skin and is characterized by swelling and discoloration (bruise)

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56

Skin graft

Skin is implanted over areas where skin has been lost

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57

Superficial burn

Burn that is only the epidermis, red, no immediate blisters, but may blister after 24 hours

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58

Deep burn

Burn that extends into the dermis, red and moist, and blistered

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59

Full thickness burn

Burn throughout the dermis, and epidermis, sometimes into subcutaneous fat layer, hard, dry, and leathery. Can be white, deep red, yellow brown, or black

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60

Deep full thickness burn

Burn where no skin layers remain. Underlying bone and muscle are damaged. Wound is blackened and depressed. Muscle and bone are exposed

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61

Abscess

Cavity that contains pus caused by an infectious microorganism and surrounded by inflamed tissue

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62

Albinism

Absence of normal pigmentation, present at birth, caused by a defect in melanin precursors. The person affected by this is an albino

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63

Cellulitis

Acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most often by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling

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64

Contact dermatitis

Skin rash resulting from exposure to an irritant or to a sensitizing agent that initiates an allergic response, such as poison ivy and allergic reaction to nickel in jewelry

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65

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygenated blood to tissues

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66

Dermatitis

Inflammatory condition of the skin

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67

Discoid lupus erythematosus

(DLE) chronic disorder, primarily of the skin, characterized by lesions that are covered with scales. The disorder was so named because of the reddish facial rash that appears in some patients giving them a wolflike appearance

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68

Frostbite

Damage to the skin, tissues, and blood vessels as a result of prolonged exposure to cold

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69

Furuncle

Localized skin infection originating in a gland or hair follicle and characterized by pain, redness, and swelling. Also called a boil

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70

Hypopigmentation

Decreased tissue pigmentation, but not complete absence of skin color as in albinism

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71

Ichthyosis

Any of several generalized skin disorders marked by skin the is dry and scaly, resembling fish skin

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72

Lipoma

Benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells

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73

Lyme disease

Infection transmitted by the bite of an infected tick. A red macule or papule appears at the bite site and is accompanied by flulike symptoms. Other symptoms appear weeks or months later

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74

Malignant melanoma

Any of a group of malignant tumors that originate in the skin and that are composed of melanocytes. Excessive sun exposure increases the risk of melanoma

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75

Mycodermatitis

Inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus

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76

Necrosis

Death of areas of damaged or diseased tissue or bone surrounded by healthy tissue

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77

Pediculosis

Infestation by lice and named for a genus of sucking lice, pediculus. There are head lice, body lice, and pubic lice

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78

Petechiae

Tiny purple or red spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages within dermal or submucosal layers

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79

Psoriasis

Common chronic skin disorder characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales

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80

Scabies

Contagious dermatitis caused by the itch mite that is transmitted by close contact

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81

Scleroderma

Chronic hardening and thickening of the skin

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82

Skin cancer

Any of several neoplasms of the skin; the most common and most curable malignancies

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83

Urticaria

Skin eruption characterized by wheals of varying shapes and sizes with well-defined margins and pale centers. Its causes include drugs, foods, and insect bites. Also called hives

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84

Xerosis

Minor irritation of the skin characterized by excessive dryness, which can lead to scaling, thinning, and injury

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85

Acne vulgaris

Skin disease characterized by blackheads, whiteheads, and pus filled lesions; common where sebaceous glands are numerous; acne

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86

Folliculitis

Inflammation of a hair follicle

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87

Hidradenitis

Inflammation of a sweat gland caused by occlusion of the pores with subsequent bacterial infection of the gland

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88

Onychomycosis

Fungal condition of the nails

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89

Onychopathy

Any disease of the nails

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90

Seborrhea

Excessive production of sebum

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91

Seborrheic dermatitis

Inflammatory condition of the skin that begins with the scalp but may involve other areas, particularly the eyebrows; commonly called dandruff

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92

Trichosis

Any abnormal condition of hair growth, including baldness or excessive hair growth in an unusual place

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93

Liposuction

Removes adipose tissue with a suction pump device and is used primarily as cosmetic surgery to reduce or removed localized areas of fat

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94

Topical medications

Drugs placed directly on the skin

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95

Bacteriostatic

Inhibiting the growth of bacteria

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96

Bactericidal

Killing bacteria

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97

Asepsis

Absence of germs

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98

Sepsis

Infection or contamination. An infected wound is described as septic

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99

Antimicrobial

Medicine applied to broken skin to prevent infection

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100

Antiperspirants

Compounds that act against or inhibit perspiration

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