Appendicular Muscles

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what is the origin of the trapezius?

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1

what is the origin of the trapezius?

external occipital protuberance, & spinous processes of vertebrae

<p>external occipital protuberance, &amp; spinous processes of vertebrae</p>
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2

what is the insertion of the trapezius?

scapular spine, acromion, & distal clavicle

<p>scapular spine, acromion, &amp; distal clavicle</p>
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3

what is the action of the trapezius?

elevates, depresses, adducts scapula

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4

what is the origin of the rhomboids?

spinous processes of vertebrae

<p>spinous processes of vertebrae</p>
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5

what is the insertion of the rhomboids?

medial border of scapula

<p>medial border of scapula</p>
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6

what is the action of the rhomboids?

adducts scapula (rm)

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7

what is the origin of the pectoralis minor?

ribs

<p>ribs </p>
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8

what is the insertion of the pectoralis minor?

coracoid process of scapula (pmn)

<p>coracoid process of scapula (pmn)</p>
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9

what is the action of the pectoralis minor?

depress scapula

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10

what is the origin of the serratus anterior?

ribs

<p>ribs </p>
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11

what is the insertion of the serratus anterior?

medial border of scapula

<p>medial border of scapula </p>
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12

what is the action of the serratus anterior?

abduct scapula

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13

what is the origin of the pectoralis major?

sternum & clavicle

<p>sternum &amp; clavicle </p>
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14

what is the insertion of the pectoralis major?

greater tubercle of humerus

<p>greater tubercle of humerus</p>
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15

what is the action of the pectoralis major?

flex, adduct arm at shoulder (pmj)

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16

what is the origin of coracobrachialis?

coracoid process of scapula

<p>coracoid process of scapula</p>
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17

what is the insertion of the coracobrachialis?

proximal humerus

<p>proximal humerus </p>
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18

what is the action of the corachobrachialis?

flex & adduct arm at shoulder

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19

what is the origin of the latissimus dorsi?

spinous processes of vertebrae & iliac crest

<p>spinous processes of vertebrae &amp; iliac crest </p>
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20

what is the insertion of the latissimus dorsi?

lesser tubercle of humerus

<p>lesser tubercle of humerus </p>
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21

what is the action of the lattismus dorsi?

extend, adduct arm at shoulder

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22

what is the origin of the teres major?

inferior angle of the scapula

<p>inferior angle of the scapula </p>
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23

what is the insertion of the teres major?

lesser tubercle of humerus (tmj)

<p>lesser tubercle of humerus (tmj)</p>
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24

what is the action of the teres major?

extend, adduct arm at shoulder (tmj)

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25

what is the origin of the deltoid?

scapular spine, acromion, clavicle

<p>scapular spine, acromion, clavicle</p>
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26

what is the insertion of the deltoid?

deltoid tuberosity of humerus

<p>deltoid tuberosity of humerus</p>
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27

what is the action of the deltoid?

abduct, flex, extend arm at shoulder

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28

what is the origin of the supraspinatus?

supraspinous fossa of scapula

<p>supraspinous fossa of scapula</p>
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29

what is the insertion of the supraspinatus?

greater tubercle of humerus (sps)

<p>greater tubercle of humerus (sps)</p>
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30

what is the action of the supraspinatus?

abduct arm at shoulder (sspin)

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31

what is the origin of the infraspinatus?

infraspinous fossa of scapula

<p>infraspinous fossa of scapula </p>
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32

what is the insertion of the infraspinatus?

greater tubercle of humerus (insp)

<p>greater tubercle of humerus (insp)</p>
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33

what is the action of the infraspinatus?

laterally rotate arm at shoulder

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34

what is the origin of the teres minor?

lateral border of scapula

<p>lateral border of scapula</p>
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35

what is the insertion of the teres minor?

greater tubercle of humerus (tmn)

<p>greater tubercle of humerus (tmn)</p>
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36

what is the action of the teres minor?

laterally rotate arm at shoulder

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37

what is the origin of the subscapularis?

subscapular fossa of scapula

<p>subscapular fossa of scapula </p>
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38

what is the insertion of the subscapularis?

lesser tubercle of humerus

<p>lesser tubercle of humerus </p>
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39

what is the action of the subscapularis?

medially rotate arm at shoulder

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40

what is the origin of the long head of the biceps brachii?

above glenoid fossa

<p>above glenoid fossa </p>
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41

what is the origin of the short head of the biceps brachii?

coracoid process of scapula (shbb)

<p>coracoid process of scapula (shbb)</p>
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42

what is the insertion of the biceps brachii?

radial tuberosity of radius (NEED PICTURE)

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43

what is the action of the biceps brachii?

flex forearm at elbow & supinate forearm

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44

what is the origin of the brachialis?

distal humerus

<p>distal humerus </p>
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45

what is the insertion of the brachialis?

coronoid process of ulna

<p>coronoid process of ulna </p>
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46

what is the action of the brachialis?

flex forearm at elbow

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47

what is the origin of the brachioradialis?

distal, lateral humerus

<p>distal, lateral humerus</p>
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48

what is the insertion of the brachioradialis?

styloid process of radius

<p>styloid process of radius</p>
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49

what is the action of the brachioradialis?

flex forearm at elbow

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50

what is the origin of the lateral head of the triceps brachii?

lateral surface of humerus

<p>lateral surface of humerus </p>
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51

what is the origin of the long head of the triceps brachii?

below glenoid fossa

<p>below glenoid fossa</p>
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52

what is the origin of the medial head of the triceps brachii?

posterior surface of humerus

<p>posterior surface of humerus</p>
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53

what is the insertion of the triceps brachii?

olecranon process of ulna

<p>olecranon process of ulna</p>
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54

what is the action of the triceps brachii?

extend forearm at elbow

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55

what is the origin of the pronator teres & quadratus?

ulna

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56

what is the insertion of the pronator teres & quadratus?

radius

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57

what is the action of the pronator teres & quadratus?

pronates forearm

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58

what is the origin of the supinator muscle?

proximal ulna

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59

what is the insertion of supinator muscle?

proximal radius

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60

what is the action of the supinator muscle?

supinates forearm

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61

what is the origin of the forearm flexors?

medial epicondyle of humerus

<p>medial epicondyle of humerus</p>
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62

what is the insertion of the forearm flexors?

carpals, metacarpals, & phalanges

<p>carpals, metacarpals, &amp; phalanges </p>
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63

what is the action of the forearm flexors?

flex wrist, fingers, & thumb

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64

what is the origin of the forearm extensors?

lateral epicondyle of humerus

<p>lateral epicondyle of humerus </p>
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65

what is the insertion of the forearm extensors?

carpals, metacarpals, & phalanges

<p>carpals, metacarpals, &amp; phalanges </p>
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66

what is the action of the forearm extensors?

extend wrist, fingers, & thumb; abduct thumb

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67

what are the muscles in the thumb called?

thenar

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68

what are the muscles in the pinkie called?

hypothenar

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69

what is the origin of the psoas?

transverse process of vertebrae

<p>transverse process of vertebrae</p>
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70

what is the insertion of the psoas?

lesser trochanter of femur

<p>lesser trochanter of femur</p>
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71

what is the action of the psoas?

flex thigh at hip (ps)

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72

what is the origin of the iliacus?

iliac fossa of ilium

<p>iliac fossa of ilium</p>
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73

what is the insertion of the iliacus?

lesser trochanter of femur (il)

<p>lesser trochanter of femur (il)</p>
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74

what is the action of the iliacus?

flex thigh at hip (il)

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75

what is the origin of the gluteus maximus?

iliac crest, sacrum

<p>iliac crest, sacrum</p>
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76

what is the insertion of the gluteus maximus?

linea aspera & iliotibial band

<p>linea aspera &amp; iliotibial band </p>
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77

what is the action of the gluteus maximus?

extend thigh at hip (gmx)

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78

what is the origin of the adductor brevis?

pubis & ischium

<p>pubis &amp; ischium</p>
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79

what is the insertion of the adductor brevis?

linea aspera

<p>linea aspera</p>
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80

what is the action of the adductor brevis?

adduct thigh at hip

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81

what is the origin of the adductor longus?

pubis & ischium (al)

<p>pubis &amp; ischium (al)</p>
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82

what is the insertion of the adductor longus?

linea aspera (al)

<p>linea aspera (al)</p>
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83

what is the action of the adductor longus?

adduct thigh at hip (al)

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84

what is the origin of the adductor magnus?

pubis & ischium

<p>pubis &amp; ischium</p>
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85

what is the insertion of the adductor magnus?

linea aspera (am)

<p>linea aspera (am)</p>
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86

what is the action of the adductor magnus?

adduct thigh at hip

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87

what is the origin of the gluteus medius?

ilium

<p>ilium</p>
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88

what is the insertion of the gluteus medius?

greater trochanter of femur

<p>greater trochanter of femur</p>
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89

what is the action of the gluteus medius?

abduct thigh at hip

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90

what is the origin of the gluteus minimus?

ilium

<p>ilium</p>
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91

what is the insertion of the gluteus minimus?

greater trochanter of femur (gmin)

<p>greater trochanter of femur (gmin)</p>
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92

what is the action of the gluteus minimus?

abduct thigh at hip

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93

what is the origin of the gracilis?

pubis

<p>pubis</p>
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94

what is the insertion of the gracilis?

medial, proximal tibia

<p>medial, proximal tibia</p>
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95

what is the action of the gracilis?

adduct thigh at hip

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96

what is the origin of the lateral compartment of the leg?

fibula

<p>fibula</p>
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97

what is the insertion of the lateral compartment of the leg?

metatarsals

<p>metatarsals</p>
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98

what is the action of the lateral compartment of the leg?

evert foot

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99

what is the origin for the superficial posterior compartment of the leg?

femoral condyles

<p>femoral condyles</p>
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100

what is the insertion for the superficial compartment of the leg?

calcaneus (via calcaneal tendon)

<p>calcaneus (via calcaneal tendon)</p>
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