ScribeAmerica Medical Terminology

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Anatomical Position

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Health

319 Terms

1

Anatomical Position

To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward

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2

Anterior

situated in front of or directed toward the front

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3

C-spine

Cervical spine (C1-C7)

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4

Diffuse

Generalized; not localized to any specific location

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5

Distal

Farther from the trunk of the body

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6

Epigastric

Upper central region of the abdomen

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7

Fontanel

Anatomical feature of an infant’s skull, the “soft-spot”

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8

Inferior

lower on the body, farther from the head

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9

L-spine

Lumbar spine (L1-L5)

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10

lateral

farther from the midline

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11

Left Lower Extremity (LLE)

left leg

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12

Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

Left lower quadrant of the abdomen

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13

Left upper extremity (LUE)

left arm

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14

Left Upper quadrant (LUQ)

left upper quadrant of the abdomen

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15

medial

nearer to the midline

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16

palmar or volar

palm side of hand or body

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17

plantar

sole of foot

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18

posterior or dorsal

rear or back

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19

prone

body position lying face down with forearms and hands turned palm side down

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20

proximal

nearer to the trunk of the body

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21

Right lower extremity (RLE)

right leg

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22

Right lower quadrant (RLQ)

right lower quadrant of the abdomen

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23

Right upper extremity (RUE)

right arm

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24

right upper quadrant (RUQ)

right upper quadrant of the abdomen

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25

superficial

nearer to the surface (ex: superficial abrasion)

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26

superior

higher on the body, nearer to the head

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27

supine

body position lying face up

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28

suprapubic

lower central region on the abdomen

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29

T-spine

thoracic spine (T1-T12)

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30

Acute

new onset, likely concerning. opposite of chronic

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31

acute on chronic

new exacerbation of a chronic condition

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32

chronic

long-standing, contant. opposite of acute

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33

fluctuating

symptoms that are always present but changing in severity, never fully resolving

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34

intermittent

symptoms that completely resolve at times, but continue to return repeatedly

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35

paroxysmal

occasional, sporadic, transient

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36

resolved

gone, no longer existing

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37

transient

resolving spontaneously after onset

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38

Family History (FHx)

a part of the medical chart that lists diseases and health conditions in your family that may put the patient at an increased risk of also having

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39

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

federal law that provides national standards to protect sensitive patient health information from being disclosed without the patient’s consent or knowledge

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40

History of present illness (HPI)

a part of the medical chart describing the development of the illness

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41

pt

patient

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42

r/o

rule out (e.g. X-ray of the wrist to r/o fracture

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43

Review of system (ROS)

a part of the medical chart that is a checklist of the symptoms of the patient has or does not have. the symptoms are grouped by body system (cardiovascular, skin, etc)

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44

s/p

status post (after) example: Headache s/p fall

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45

Social History (SHx)

a part of the chart addresses substance use, occupation, diet exercise, living situation, marital status, etc

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46

Sx

symptoms

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47

Tx

treatment

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48

UTD

up to date (example vaccination utd)

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49

WNL

within normal limits (normal, not of concern)

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50

Diagnosis

Dx

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51

abscess

a collection of pus beneath the skin

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52

appendicitis

dangerous infection of the appendix

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53

arthritis

inflammation of the joints

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54

Atrial fibrillation (A fib)

irregular and often very rapid heart rhythm (arrhythmia)

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55

Bell’s Palsy

a localized facial nerve dysfunction that causes facial droop and numbness

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56

bronchitis

inflammation/infection of the bronchi (upper airway)

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57

cancer (CA)

cancer, carcinoma

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58

cellulitis

infection of skin cells

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59

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

stroke. blood supply to the brain is restricted or absent due to hemorrhage or occlusion of a vessel resulting in neurological damage and dysfunction

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60

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

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61

cholelithiasis

production of gallstones

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62

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs

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63

chronic renal failure (CRF)

decrease in the kidneys’ ability to filter waste and fluid from the blood

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64

cirrhosis

inflammation of an organ by degenerative changes, especially of the liver

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65

congestive heart failure (CHF)

serious condition in which the heart doesn’t pump blood as efficiently as it should

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66

conjunctivitis

infection of the outer layer of the eye

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67

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

procedure used to treat coronary artery disease

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68

coronary artery disease (CAD)

buildup of plaque in the arteries that supplu oxygen-rich blood to your heart

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69

costochondritis

inflammation of the rib cartilage

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70

croup

viral infection of the upper airway with a barking cough and often stridor

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71

deep venous thrombosis (DVT)

blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside your body, typically in the leg

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72

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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73

diverticulitis

acute inflammation of the diverticula pouches

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74

ectopic pregnancy

egg developing outside the uterus extremely dangerous due to risk of rupture

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75

endometriosis

presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside of the uterus

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76

gastroenteritis

general term for inflammation of the GI tract

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77

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

digestive disorder that occurs when acidic stomach juices, or food and fluids back up from the stomach into the esophagus

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78

gout

type of arthritis; diagnosed by ordering a uric acid level

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79

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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80

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar due to diabetes

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81

hyperlipidemia (HLD)

high cholesterol

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82

hypertension (HTN)

high blood pressure (typically >140/90)

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83

hypoglycemia

low blood-sugar

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84

hypotension

low blood pressure (typically <100/65)

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85

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

diabetes requiring the use of insulin injections

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86

lymphangitis

inflammation of a lymphatic vessel; appears as red streaking

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87

multiple sclerosis

autoimmune disease affecting the brain and spinal cord

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88

myocardial infarction (MI)

death of cardiac muscle due to prolonged ischemia (Heart attack)

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89

nephrolithiasis/ renal calculi

kidney stone

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90

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

diabetes not requiring the use of insulin injections

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91

otitis externa

infection of the outer ear (ear canal)

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92

otitis media (OM)

infection inner ear (behind the eardrum)

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93

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

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94

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation of a woman’s reproductive organs

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95

peptic ulcer disease (PUD)

ulcers developing in the stomach causing pain and emesis

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96

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium

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97

peripheral vascular disease (PVD)

blood circulation disorder that causes the blood vessels (excluding the heart and brain) to narrow, block, or spasm

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98

pharyngitis

throat infection

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99

pneumonia

infiltrate (infection) inside the lung tissue

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100

pneumothorax

presence of air or gas in the pleural space; collapsed lung

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