Sports Medicine Test 3 Review

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Olecranon Fossa

1 / 167

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Medicine

10th

168 Terms

1

Olecranon Fossa

triangular shaped fossa on the posterior side of the distal end of the humerus. This is where the olecranon of the ulna goes during elbow extension.

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2

Biceps brachii

large, thick muscle on the ventral portion of upper arm responsible for flexion and supination of forearm

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3

Triceps brachii

large, thick muscle on the dorsal side of the upper arm responsible for extension of the elbow

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4

Lateral epicondyle

bony bump at the bottom of the lateral side of the humerus, where several muscles of the forearm begin their course

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5

Medial epicondyle

bony bump found at the distal end of the medial ridge of the humerus

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6

Cubital tunnel

a tunnel of tissue that runs under a bump of bone at the inside of your elbow (medial epicondyle)

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7

Flexor muscles

they are anterior muscles that help flex the wrist or elbow forward

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8

Extensor muscles

they are posterior muscles that straighten the elbow or bending the wrist backward. The movement is usually backward.

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9

Brachioradialis

forearm flexor that helps us bend our flex our elbows

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10

wrist extensor muscles

three muscles originate on the lateral epicondyle of the humerus; "Tennis Elbow"

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11

Ulnar nerve

Sensory-motor nerve that, with its branches, affects the little-finger side of the arm and palm of the hand.

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12

radial nerve

Sensory-motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand.

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13

median nerve

Sensory-motor nerve that is smaller than the ulnar and radial nerves and that, with its branches, supplies the arm and hand.

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14

Finger Dislocation

Finger joint displacement at DIP, PIP, or MCP

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15

Jersey Finger

an injury to the finger resulting in tearing of the flexor tendon in the fingertip

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16

Finger Fracture

Broken phalanx

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17

Mallet Finger

uncontrolled flexion of DIP

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18

Scaphoid Fracture

a break in the scaphoid bone in the thumb

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19

Trigger Finger

Inflammation and thickening of the tendons of the finger makes it difficult to flex or extend the finger, may become stuck and then snap into position

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20

De Quervain

swelling of thumb tendons due to repetitive wrist movements

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21

Boutonniere Deformity

flexion of PIP joint and hyperextension of DIP joint

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22

Bishop's Deformity

Inability to extend affected fingers because of excessive production of collagen

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23

Swan-neck Deformity

hyperextension of PIP joint and flexion of DIP joint

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24

Skier's Thumb (Game Keeper's Thumb)

sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb

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25

Collateral Ligament Sprain

tear of collateral ligament in finger

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26

Bunnell littler test

The MCP joint is held in an extended position and the therapist passively flexes the PIP making note of the available range. The test is then repeated with the MCP joint flexed. If no change in motion is detected between the two tests, then capsular restriction at the PIP joint is implicated. If the motion increases when the MCP joint is flexed, then lumbricale muscle tightness is implicated

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27

Finkelstein test

DeQuervain's Tenosynovitis

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28

Scaphoid shift test

scaphoid fracture

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29

Percussion test for finger

The patient extends their finger, and the physical therapist applies a forceful tap to the tip of the finger. If the patient experiences pain during the test, a fracture diagnosis is likely

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30

Valgus stress test for thumb

force on the thumb that pulls the thumb away from the hand

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31

Varus stress test for thumb

force on the thumb that pulls the thumb towards the hand

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32

Valgus stress test for finger

checking for sprain in collateral ligaments - push joint medially

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33

Varus stress test for finger

checking for sprain in collateral ligaments - push joint laterally

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34

Olecranon process

bony projection of the ulna at the elbow

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35

trochlear notch

articulates with trochlea of humerus

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36

shaft of radius

narrow, elongated, central region of the radius

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37

shaft of ulna

narrow, elongated, central region of the ulna

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38

radial head

proximal end of radius

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39

radial neck

connects radial head to the shaft

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40

radial tuberosity

attachment site for biceps brachii muscle

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41

ulnar head

knob-shaped; articulates with a notch on the radius and a wrist bone

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42

radial notch

small proximal lateral notch that articulates with the head of the radius; forms part of the proximal radioulnar joint

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43

ulnar tuberosity

Attachment site for flexors of the ulna.

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44

coronoid process

shaped like a point on a crown; articulates with the trochlea of the humerus

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45

Humerus head

articulates with glenoid cavity of scapula

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46

Humerus neck

below humerus head

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47

Humerus lesser tuberosity

medial

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48

Humerus greater tuberosity

lateral, above the deltoid tuberosity

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49

intertubercular groove

groove between the greater and lesser tubercles of the humerus

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50

deltoid tuberosity

raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches

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51

coronoid fossa

depression on anterior distal end of humerus, above trochlear

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52

lateral epicondyle

lateral elevation of the distal end of the humerus

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53

Humerus capitulum

articulates with radius

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54

Humerus trochlea

Ulna trochlear notch

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55

medial epicondyle

medial elevation on the distal end of the humerus

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56

Humerus olecranon fossa

space for the olecranon process of the ulna during elbow extension

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57

Shaft of humerus

narrow, elongated, central region of the humerus

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58

Ulnar groove

medial for ulnar nerve

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59

Humeral condyle

distal end of humerus

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60

Ulna

medial bone of the forearm (pinky side)

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61

Distal Phalanx

bone in the tip of each finger

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62

Radius

lateral bone of the forearm (thumb side)

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63

Proximal Phalanx

bone located most proximal of the three phalanges

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64

Middle Phalanx

the bone located between the proximal and distal phalanges

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65

How many bones are in the hand?

29

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66

DIP

distal interphalangeal joint

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67

PIP

proximal interphalangeal joint

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68

MCP

metacarpophalangeal joint

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69

CMC

carpometacarpal joint

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70

IP

interphalangeal joint

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71

Flexor retinaculum

roof of carpal tunnel

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72

Flexor muscles of wrist

muscles on the anterior side of the arm (flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, palmaris longus)

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73

anatomical snuff box

the triangular area formed between the thumb and index finger

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74

Extensor muscles of the wrist

muscles on the posterior side of the arm

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75

Extensor retinaculum

band of connective tissue that extends over the dorsal surface of the hand

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76

Clavicle Fracture MOI

FOOSH, or fall on the tip of shoulder/direct impact

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77

Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain MOI

FOOSH or fall/blow on the tip of shoulder

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78

Glenohumeral Dislocation (shoulder dislocation) MOI

Forced abduction and external rotation of shoulder

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79

Glenoid Labral Tear MOI

FOOSH, direct bow, sudden pull, violent overhead reach, or repetitive motion

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80

Glenohumeral Instability MOI

Repetitive microtrauma

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81

Impingement MOI

Repetitive overhead motion, mechanical compression of the supraspinatus tendon, subacromial bursa, and long head of biceps tendon

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82

Rotator Cuff Tear MOI

Forceful overloading or chronic impingement or tendonitis, repetitive overhead motion

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83

Clavicle Fracture

broken collarbone

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84

Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain

separated shoulder

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85

Glenohumeral Dislocation

"Shoulder dislocation"- a "pop" sound, along with pain, deformity. Head of Humerus must be reset back into position.

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86

Glenoid Labral Tear

overhead activity

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87

Glenohumeral Instability

laxness or looseness of the shoulder

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88

Impingement

Injury caused by repetitive overhead activity, which causes pinching of the structures under the acromion

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89

Rotator Cuff Tear

traumatic rip of one or more of the muscles or tendons within the rotator cuff of the shoulder

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90

Biceps Tendinitis

Overuse syndrome of the long head of the biceps tendon, usually producing anterior shoulder pain.

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91

Apprehension test

glenohumeral instability, movement of a joint while observing the patient for signs of pain and increased joint laxity, to assess joint stability

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92

Sulcus sign test

glenohumeral instability, pt stands with arm by side and shoulder relaxed. PT grabs pt's arm below elbow and pulls distally.

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93

OBrien Test

Shoulder: tests for labral tear

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94

Hawkins-Kennedy Test

shoulder impingement

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95

Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain Special Test

Pressure applied to distal end of clavicle in 4 directions

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96

Neer's test

impingement

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97

Speed's test

bicipital tendinitis

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98

manual muscle test

The athlete's ability to tolerate varying levels of resistance

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99

Empty can test

Supraspinatus

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100

Popeye deformity

biceps tendon rupture

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