Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms

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162 Terms

1

ALL

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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2

AMI

Acute myocardial infarction (heart attack)

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3

B-ALL

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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4

FSH

Follicle-stimulating hormone. A blood test for follicle-stimulating hormone is used to evaluate fertility in women.

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5

HAPE

High altitude pulmonary edema

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6

HPS

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. A type of contagious, infectious disease is transmitted by rats infected with the virus.

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7

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome (A medical disease that involves the gastrointestinal tract.)

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8

IDDM

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes.

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9

MDS

Myelodysplastic syndrome

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10

NBCCS

Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome

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11

PE

Pulmonary embolism. A type of blood clot in the lungs.

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12

SIDS

Sudden infant death syndrome

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13

TSH

Thyroid-stimulating hormone. A blood test for TSH is used to diagnose thyroid disease.

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14

a.c.

Before meals. As in taking medicine before meals.

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15

a/g ratio

Albumin to globulin ratio.

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16

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament. ACL injuries are one of the most common ligament injuries to the knee. The ACL can be sprained or completely torn from trauma and/or degeneration.

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17

Ad lib

At liberty. For example, a patient may be permitted to move out of bed freely and orders would, therefore, be for activities to be ad lib.

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18

AFR

Acute renal failure

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19

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

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20

ADR

Adverse drug reaction. If a patient is taking a prescription drug to treat high blood pressure disease

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21

AIDS

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

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22

AKA

Above the knee amputation.

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23

Anuric

Not producing urine. A person who is anuric is often critical and may require dialysis.

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24

ANED

Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease.

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25

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

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26

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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27

ARF

Acute renal (kidney) failure

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28

ASCVD

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A form of heart disease.

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29

b.i.d.

Twice daily. As in taking medicine twice daily.

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30

bld

Blood. Blood was visible on the patient’s scalp.

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31

Bandemia

Slang for an elevated level of band forms of white blood cells.

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32

Bibasilar

At the bases of both lungs. For example, someone with pneumonia in both lungs might have abnormal bibasilar breath sounds.

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33

BKA

Below the knee amputation.

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34

BMP

Basic metabolic panel. Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbon dioxide, and chloride) and creatinine and glucose.

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35

BP

Blood pressure. Blood pressure is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."

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36

BPD

Borderline personality disorder. A personality disorder.

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37

BSO

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. A BSO is the removal of both of the ovaries and adjacent Fallopian tubes and often is performed as part of a total abdominal hysterectomy.

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38

C&S

Culture and sensitivity, performed to detect infection.

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39

C/O

Complaint of. The patient's expressed concern.

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40

cap

Capsule.

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41

Ca

Cancer; carcinoma. For example, a patient who underwent treatment for cancer should assure that they are eating and drinking enough fluids daily, both during and after treatment.

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42

CABG. Coronary artery bypass graft. A surgery involving the heart.

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43

CBC

Complete blood count.

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44

CC

Chief complaint. The patient's main concern.

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45

CDE

Complete dental (oral) evaluation.

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46

cc

Cubic centimeters. For example, the amount of fluid removed from the body is recorded in ccs.

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47

Chem panel

Chemistry panel. A comprehensive screening blood test that indicates the status of the liver, kidneys, and electrolytes.

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48

CPAP

Continuous positive airway pressure. Treatment for sleep apnea.

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49

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

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50

CT

Chemotherapy. A type of treatment therapy for cancer.

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51

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident (Stroke).

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52

D/C or DC

Discontinue or discharge. For example, a doctor will D/C a drug. Alternatively, the doctor might DC a patient from the hospital.

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53

DCIS

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ. A type of breast cancer. The patient is receiving treatment for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ.

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54

DDX

Differential diagnosis. A variety of diagnostic possibilities are being considered to diagnose the type of cancer present in the patient.

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55

DJD

Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.

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56

DM

Diabetes mellitus.

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57

DNC, D&C, or D and C

Dilation and curettage. Widening the cervix and scrapping with a curette for the purpose of removing tissue lining the inner surface of the womb (uterus).

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58

DNR

Do not resuscitate. This is a specific order not to revive a patient artificially if they succumb to illness. If a patient is given a DNR order, they are not resuscitated if they are near death and no code blue is called.

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59

DOE

Dyspnea on exertion. Shortness of breath with activity.

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60

DTR

Deep tendon reflexes. These are reflexes that the doctor tests by banging on the tendons with a rubber hammer.

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61

DVT

Deep venous thrombosis (blood clot in a large vein).

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62

ETOH

Alcohol. ETOH intake history is often recorded as part of patient history.

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63

ECT

Electroconclusive therapy. A procedure used to control seizures (convulsions).

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64

FX

Fracture.

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65

g

gram, a unit of weight. The cream is available in both 30 and 60-gram tubes.

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66

GOMER

Slang for "get out of my emergency room."

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67

GvHD

Graft vs. host disease. It is complicated by the syndromes of acute and chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).

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68

gtt

Drops.

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69

H&H

Hemoglobin and hematocrit. When the H & H is low, anemia is present. The H&H can be elevated in persons who have lung disease from long term smoking or from disease, such as polycythemia rubra vera.

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70

H&P

History and physical examination.

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71

h.s.

At bedtime. As in taking medicine at bedtime.

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72

H/O or h/o

History of. A past event that occurred.

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73

HA

Headache.

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74

HRT

Hormone replacement or hormone replacement therapy.

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75

HTN

Hypertension.

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76

I&D

Incision and drainage.

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77

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

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78

ICD

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator

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79

ICU

Intensive care unit. The patient was moved to the intensive care unit.

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80

IM

Intramuscular. This is a typical notation when noting or ordering an injection (shot) given into a muscle, such as with B12 for pernicious anemia.

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81

IMP

Impression. This is the summary conclusion of the patient's condition by the healthcare professional at that particular date and time.

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82

ITU

Intensive therapy unit

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83

in vitro

In the laboratory

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84

in vivo

In the body

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85

IPF

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. A type of lung disease.

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86

IU

International units.

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87

JT

Joint.

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88

K

Potassium. An essential electrolyte is frequently monitored regularly in intensive care.

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89

KCL

Potassium chloride.

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90

LCIS

Lobular Carcinoma In Situ. A type of cancer of the breast. The patient is receiving treatment for Lobular Carcinoma In Situ.

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91

LBP

Low back pain. LBP is one of most common medical complaints.

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92

LLQ

Left lower quadrant. Diverticulitis pain is often in the LLQ of the abdomen.

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93

LUQ

Left upper quadrant. The spleen is located in the LUQ of the abdomen.

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94

Lytes

Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbon dioxide, and chloride).

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95

MCL

Medial collateral ligament.

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96

mg

Milligrams.

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97

M/H

Medical history

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98

ml

Milliliters.

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99

MVP

Mitral valve prolapse.

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100

N/V

Nausea or vomiting.

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