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how many teeth do puppies have?

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116 Terms

1

how many teeth do puppies have?

28 baby teeth

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2

how many permanent teeth do dogs have?

42 permanent teeth

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3

how many teeth do kittens have?

26 baby teeth

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4

how many permanent teeth do cats have?

30 permanent teeth

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5

pulmonary semilunar valve

• located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk • open during systole; closed during diastole

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6

atrioventricular valve

• valves located between the atrial and ventricular chambers on each side of the hear • prevent backflow into the atria when the ventricles are contracting • closed during systole; open during diastole

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7

aortic semilunar valve

• located between the left ventricle and the aorta • open during systole; closed during diastole

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8

how are tapeworms contracted?

when a dog or cat ingests an infected flea

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9

ticks can transmit:

lyme disease, rocky mountain spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis

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10

Borrelia burgdorferi

causes lyme disease

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11

Ixodes scapularis

deer tick, black legged tick; primary vector of lyme disease

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12

tropical canine pancytopenia

ehrlichiosis; bacterial disease spread via ticks

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13

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

bacteria causing anaplasmosis; tick-borne disease; transmitted by deer tick & western black-legged tick

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14

mosquitoes can transmit:

malaria, yellow fever, filariasis

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15

Dirofilaria immitis

canine heartworm, aka filariasis; parasitic roundworm spread via mosquito bite

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16

systolic blood pressure

measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries (high pressure)

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17

diastolic blood pressure

pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes and ventricles fill with blood (low pressure)

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18

red blood cells

carry oxygen

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19

white blood cells

perform the function of destroying disease-causing microorganisms; two groups - granulocytes and agranulocytes

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20

granulocytes

neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils

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21

agranulocytes

lymphocytes and monocytes

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22

neutrophils

• engulfs invading microbes and contributes to the nonspecific defenses of the body against disease • produced in bone marrow • phagocytize pathogens, especially bacteria • release enzymes that target pathogens

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23

eosinophils

• have the ability to engulf foreign particles into their bodies • produced in bone marrow • phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes and allergens • release chemical mediators to destroy parasitic worms

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24

basophils

• a circulating leukocyte that produces histamine • release histamine (vasodilator) and heparin (anticoagulant) during inflammatory or allergic reactions • produced with bone marrow

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25

lymphocytes

• type of white blood cell that make antibodies to fight off infections • two major types: B cells and T cells • attack pathogens and abnormal/infected cells • coordinate immune cell activity • produced and released from lymphoid tissues such as lymph nodes, spleen, etc.

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26

b cells

produce antibodies

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27

t cells

activate and help other cells destroy viruses and other foreign material

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28

platelets

blood clotting

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29

blood flow through the heart

vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, lungs, pulmonary vein, left atrium, left ventricle, aorta

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30

monocytes

• engulfs and destroys foreign material & secrete various proteins that help in the cleanup of inflamed and irritated tissue • become macrophages when leaving the blood • phagocytize pathogens, cellular debris, and dead cells • stored in spleen and bone marrow

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31

puppy resting heart rate

70-220 bpm

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32

canine toy breeds heart rate

70-180 bpm

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33

canine standard heart rate

70-160 bpm

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34

canine giant breeds heart rate

60-140 bpm

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35

kitten heart rate

220-260 bpm

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36

adult cat heart rate

140-220 bpm

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37

normal canine respiratory rate

10-30 breaths/min

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38

impression smear

acquired by applying a clean slide directly to a lesion, ulcer, or pustule

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39

skin scraping

scraping of skin cells done with the edge of a scalpel to acquire a small sample of skin and hopefully accompanying pathogens or parasites

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40

fine needle aspiration

inserting a needle into a mass to collect a sample of the material in the mass

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41

mast cell tumors

most common type of skin cancer in dogs; malignant tumors

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42

lipomas

benign tumors composed of adipocytes (fat cells); only removed in the rare occurrence that they grow too large

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43

scabies (sarcoptic mange)

• contagious skin disease transmitted by the sarcoptes scabiei mite • zoonotic

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44

walking dandruff

• Cheyletiella mite • zoonotic

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45

demodetic mange (demodicosis)

demodex mites; cigar-shaped mites; live in hair follicles

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46

ear mites

otodectes cynotis

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47

otitis

inflammation of the ear

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48

roundworm

ascarids

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49

hookworms

ancylostomas

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50

whipworms

trichuris

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51

tapeworms

cestodes; develop in fleas and are transmitted to dogs & cats when they ingest an infected flea

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52

coccidia

  • protozoans that infect the intestine

  • contracted from fecal-contaminated soil

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53

adjuvants

substances that, when added to a noninfectious vaccine, stimulate a stronger immune response in the animal

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54

canine permanent teeth

2(I 3/3 C 1/1 PM 4/4 M 2/3) = 42

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55

canine deciduous teeth

2(I 3/3, C 1/1, PM 3/3) = 28

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56

cat deciduous teeth

2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, PM 3/2) = 26

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57

cat permanent teeth

2 (I 3/3, C 1/1, PM 3/2, M 1/1) = 30

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58

ventricular systole

ventricles contract and eject blood (high pressure)

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59

ventricular diastole

ventricles relax and fill with blood (low pressure)

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60

sinoatrial node

• ceiling of right atrium • "pacemaker" • generates electrical impulse; sets heart rate

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61

atrioventricular node

• floor of right atrium • delays electrical impulse, allowing atria to finish contracting and empty into ventricles before ventricles contract

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62

artery

carry blood away from the heart

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63

elastic artery

• largest arteries • contain lots of elastin protein fibers (stretch and recoil) • closest to heart

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64

muscular artery

• thick layer of smooth muscle within wall of arteries → innervated by autonomic motor system • vasoconstrict and vasodilate • most named arteries

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65

vasoconstriction

decreasing the diameter of blood vessels to reduce blood flow

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66

vasodilation

increasing the diameter of small arteries to increase blood flow to tissues

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67

arterioles

• smallest arteries • thin layer of smooth muscle in wall

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68

capillaries

• smallest blood vessels • simple squamous → quick diffusion • gas and nutrient exchange

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69

vein

bring blood back to the heart

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70

venules

• smallest veins • companion vessels to arterioles • brings blood away from capillaries

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71

medium veins

• companion vessels to muscular arteries • contain valves to prevent backflow of blood

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72

large veins

• companion vessels to elastic arteries • closest to heart • drop blood into right atrium

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73

tunica interna

• innermost layer of a blood vessel wall • simple squamous

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74

tunica media

• middle layer of blood vessel wall • smooth muscle (vasoconstriction and vasodilation)

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75

tunica externa

• outermost layer of blood vessel wall • connective tissue - collagen and elastin fibers

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76

coronary circulation

blood flow to the heart tissue, supplying it with oxygen and nutrients (not the blood going through chambers)

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77

coronary arteries

• first branches off aorta • away from chambers of heart to heart tissue • supply oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium (cardiac muscle tissue)

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coronary sinus

• receives venous blood • goes directly to the right atrium • between left atrium + left ventricle

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79

celiac trunk

supplies blood to liver, stomach, pancreas, or spleen

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80

superior mesenteric artery

supplies blood to the small intestine

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81

inferior mesenteric artery

supplies blood to the large intestine

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82

external iliac artery

supplies blood to lower limbs (leg)

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83

internal iliac artery

supplies blood to the pelvic region

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84

internal carotid artery

supplies blood to the brain

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85

vertebral artery

artery that travels through the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae to the brain

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86

external carotid artery

supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the face

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87

anterior tibial artery

supplies blood to the anterior lower leg

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88

posterior tibial artery

supplies blood to the posterior lower leg

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89

vertebral vein

drains blood from the brain

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90

facial vein

drains blood from skin + muscles of face

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91

hepatic veins

carry blood away from the liver

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92

renal vein

carry blood away from the kidneys

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93

renal artery

carry blood to the kidneys

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94

internal iliac vein

drains pelvic region

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95

external iliac vein

drains blood from lower limbs (legs)

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96

cephalic vein

• vein on the lateral side of the upper arm • superficial (sits between muscle and skin)

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97

basilic vein

• vein on the medial side of the upper arm (next to body) • superficial (sits between muscle and skin)

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98

halitosis

bad breath

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99

pruritus

severe itching of the skin

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100

cherry eye

prolapse of gland of third eyelid in dogs

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