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554 Terms

1

abduction

movement of drawing away from the middle

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2

ablation

destruction of abnormal or excessive tissue by melting, vaporizing or eroding

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3

abortion

termination of pregnancy by expulsion from uterus of an embryo

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4

abrasion

scraping away of the skin

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5

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall

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6

abscess

collection of pus

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7

acne

inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles

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8

acoustic neuroma

benign tumor within the internal auditory canal growing from the acoustic nerve

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9

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

A disease caused by HIV and interferes with cellular immunity lowering resistance to infection and malignancy.

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10

acute

describing a disease of sudden onset

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11

adduction

movement of drawing toward the middle

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12

adhesion

abnormal growing together of two surfaces that are normally separated

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13

afebrile

without fever

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14

airway

passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs or mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed

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15

alignment

placing of portions of a fractured bone into correct anatomical position

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16

allergen

environmental substance capable of producing an immediate hypersensitivity in the body

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17

allergist

physician who studies and treats allergic conditions

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18

allergy

hypersensitivity to a substance

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19

alopecia

baldness

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20

Alzheimer's disease

progressive disease that destroys memory and thinking skills and eventually simple tasks

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21

amblyopia

reduced vision in one eye caused by disease or misuse

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22

ambulate

able to walk, not confined to bed

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23

amputation

removal of a limb or portion of a limb

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24

analgesia

absence of pain

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25

anaphylaxis

a life-threatening reaction to a previously encountered antigen

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26

anastomosis

surgical connection between two normally distinct structures

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27

anemia

reduction in the amount of red blood cells in the blood

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28

aneurysm

ballooning of weakened portion of arterial wall

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29

aneurysmectomy

surgical excision of an aneurysm

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30

angina pectoris

chest pain, frequently radiating to left arm and jaw due to ischemia

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31

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder characterized by a disturbed perception of body image resulting in failure to maintain body weight,

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32

antibiotic

drug that targets microorganisms to kill or halt growth or replication

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33

antibody

substance produced by lymphocytes that inactivates or destroys antigens

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34

anticoagulant

agent that slows down the clotting process

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35

antigen

a substance that triggers an immune response when introduced into the body

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36

Apgar score

system for rapid neonatal assessment at a 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth

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37

apical pulse

using a stethoscope to auscultate the pulse rate at the heart

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38

arrhythmia

any disturbances or abnormality in the normal heart's rhythm

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39

arterial blood gases

test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of O2, CO2 ,and other gases

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40

artificial cardiac pacemaker

battery-powered apparatus implanted under the skin with leads placed on the heart

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41

artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

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42

ascites

abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

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43

asphyxia

deprivation of oxygen for tissue use; suffocation

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44

aspirate

to withdraw fluid or to suction or to draw foreign material into respiratory tract

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45

asthma

respiratory disease characterized by bronchospasms causing paroxysms of shortness of breath

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46

astigmatism

defective curvature of the refractive surface of the eye

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47

asymmetrical

pertaining to both sides being unequal

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48

asymmetry

both sides unequal

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49

ataxia

lack of coordination

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50

atelectasis

collapsed lung or portions of a lung

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51

atrial fibrillation

a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by rapid electrical impulses in atria

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52

atrial fibrillation ablation

procedure in which abnormal cells that trigger atrial fibrillation are destroyed by using a device that heats or freezes the cells

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53

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

brain disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity that interferes with functioning

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54

auscultation

act of listening to body sounds with a stethoscope

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55

autism

developmental disorder characterized by difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behavior

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56

autoimmune disease

disease caused by the body's inability to distinguish its own cells from foreign bodies, thus producing antibodies that attack its own tissue

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57

bacteria

single-celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division and may cause infection by invading body tissue

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58

bariatric surgery

surgical reduction of gastric capacity to treat morbid obesity

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59

barium enema

series of x-ray images taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered

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60

Bell palsy

paralysis of muscles on one side of the face caused by inflammation of facial nerve

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61

benign

not malignant, non-current, favorable for recovery

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62

benign prostatic hyperplasia

non-cancerous excessive development of the prostate gland

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63

biopsy

removal of living tissue from body - viewed under microscope

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64

bipolar disorder

major psychological disorder typified by a disturbance in mood; disorder is manifested by manic and depressive episodes

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65

blood pressure

pressure exerted by blood against the blood vessel walls

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66

blood urea nitrogen

test that measures amount of urea in blood used to determine kidney function; when increased indicates kidney failure

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67

bone marrow biopsy

procedure to obtain a sample of bone marrow usually from the ilium for study

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68

bone marrow transplant

infusion of healthy bone marrow cells to a recipient with matching cells from a donor

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69

breast cancer

malignant tumor of the breast

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70

breech presentation

parturition in which the buttocks, feet, or knees emerge first

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71

bronchoconstrictor

agent causing narrowing of the bronchi

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72

bronchodilator

agent causing the bronchi to widen

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73

bulimia nervosa

eating disorder characterized by uncontrolled binge eating followed by purging

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74

bunion

abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe,

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75

calculus

stone

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76

capsule endoscopy

visual examination of a hollow organ with the use of a capsule that is swallowed

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77

carcinoma in situ

cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue

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78

cardiac arrest

sudden cessation of cardiac output & effective circulation which requires CPR

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79

cardiac catheterization

catheter into heart via a blood vessel to determine cardiac disease

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80

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation & external cardiac massage

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81

carpal tunnel syndrome

a common painful disorder of the wrist

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82

cataract

clouding of the lens of the eye

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83

catheter

flexible, tube-like device for withdrawing or instilling fluids

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84

cauterization

destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance

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85

celiac disease

autoimmune disease of malabsorption caused by an immune reaction to gluten which may damage the lining of the small intestine

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86

cellulitis

inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to red, swelling, and fever

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87

cephalic presentation

parturition in which any part of the head emerges first

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88

cerebral aneurysm

aneurysm in the thinking part of the brain

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89

cerebral embolism

moving blood clot in the cerebrum

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90

cerebral palsy

condition characterized by lack of muscle control and partial paralysis caused by a brain defect or lesion present at birth or shortly after

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91

cerebrospinal fluid

clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater

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92

cerebrovascular accident

loss of blood to the brain caused by cerebral thrombus, embolism or hemorrhage (stroke)

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93

cervical cancer

malignant tumor of the cervix

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94

cesarean section

the birth of a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus

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95

chalazion

obstruction of an oil gland of the eyelid; also called meibomian cyst

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96

chemotherapy

treatment of cancer by using drugs

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97

chest computed tomography

computerized radiographic images of the chest performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses and pleural effusion

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98

chest radiograph

a radiographic image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart

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99

chiropractic

therapy that consists of manipulation of the vertebral column

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100

chiropractor

specialist in therapy consiting of manipulation of vertebral column

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