Functional Anatomy of the Lower Extremity

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Degrees of Motion for Hip Flexion

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Degrees of Motion for Hip Flexion

125

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Prime Mover of Hip Flexion

iliopsoas muscilotendinous unit

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4 synergists of hip flexion

Pectineus, rectus femurs, sartorius, tensor fascia latae

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2 Origins of Iliacus

Inner surface of Ilium, sacrum

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Insertion of Iliacus

Lesser trochanter of femur

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Origin of Psoas Major

Vertebral Bodies, Intervertebral Discs, and Transverse Processes of T12-L5

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Insertion of Psoas Major

Lesser Trochanter

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origin of Pectineus

pectineal line of pubic bone

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insertion of pectineus

inferior to lesser trochanter of femur

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origin of rectus femoris

Anterior inferior iliac spine

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insertion of rectus femoris

tibial tuberosity

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origin of sartorius

anterior superior iliac spine

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insertion of sartorius

medial tibia at the pes anserinus

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Origin of tensor fascia latae

anterior superior iliac spine

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insertion of tensor fascia latae

lateral condyle of tibia via iliotibial tract

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Degrees of motion for hip extension

15 degrees of hyperextension

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4 Prime Movers of hip extension

Gluteus Maximus, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

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Synergist of hip extension

Adductor Magnus

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19

3 origins of gluteus Maximus

posterior ilium, sacrum, coccyx

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insertion of gluteus Maximus

gluteal tuberosity

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Origin of long head of biceps femoris

ischial tuberosity

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2 insertions of biceps femoris

lateral condyle of tibia and head of fibula

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origin of semitendinosus

ischial tuberosity

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insertion of semitendinosus

medial tibia at the pes anserinus

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origin of semimembranosus

ischial tuberosity

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26

insertion of semimembranosus

medial condyle of tibia

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Origins adductor Magnus

anterior pubic ramus, ischial tuberosity

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insertions adductor Magnus

linea aspera of femur, Adductor Tubercle

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degrees of motion for hip abduction

45 degrees

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30

2 primer movers of hip abduction

gluteus medius and gluteus minimus

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4 synergists of hip abduction

Piriformis, rectus femoris, sartorius, tensor fascia latae

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origin of gluteus medius

lateral surface of the ilium

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insertion of the gluteus medius

superior part of the greater trochanter of femur

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origin of the gluteus minimus

external surface of the ilium

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insertion of the gluteus minimus

anterior and lateral aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur

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insertion of the piriformis

greater trochanter of femur

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2 origins of the piriformis

anterior surface of the sacrum and gluteal surface of ilium

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38

degree of motion for hip adduction

30 degrees

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39

Origin of adductor longus

Anterior and inferior aspect of pubis

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40

insertion of adductor longus

linea aspera on posterior surface of femur

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origin of adductor brevis

inferior body of pubis

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42

insertion of adductor brevis

lineas aspera on posterior surface of femur

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2 origins of Gracilis

inferior ischiopubic ramus and body of pubis

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insertion of gracilis

medial tibia at the pes anserinus

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Name of Muscle group formed by Iliacus and Psoas Major

Iliopsoas muscilotendinous unit

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3 Prime Movers of Hip Adduction

Aductor Longus, Adductor Brevis, Adductor Magnus

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2 Synergists of Hip Adduction

Gracilis and Pectineus

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48

Joints of the Pelvis

sacrococcygeal, lumbosacral, pubic symphysis, and sacroiliac

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joint of the hip

acetabilofemoral

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Joints of the knee

tibiofemoral, patellofemoral, and tibiofibular

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51

what degrees can you medially rotate the hip through

50 degrees

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2 Prime Movers of Medial hip Rotation

Gluteus Medius and Gluteus Minimus

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4 synergists of medial hip rotation

adductors, gracilis, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus

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54

Degrees of motion for lateral hip rotation

50 degrees

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Prime mover of lateral hip rotation

gluteus maximus

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4 synergists of lateral hip rotation

obturator externus, obturator internus, Quadratus fermoirs, sartorius

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Origin of Obturator Externus

Anterior surface of obturator foramen

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insertion of the obturator externus

greater trochanter of femur

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origin of the obturator internus

posterior surface of the obturator foramen

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insertion of the obturator internus

greater trochanter of femur

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Origin of the quadratus femoris

ischial tuberosity

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insertion of quadratus femoris

greater trochanter

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degrees of motion for knee flexion

145 degrees

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3 prime movers for knee flexion

biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

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2 synergists of knee flexion

gastrocnemius and popliteas

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Origin of lateral head of gastrocnemius

lateral condyle of femur

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origin of medial head of gastrocnemius

medial condyle of femur

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insertion of gastrocnemius

calcaneus via the calcaneal tendon

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4 Prime Movers of Knee Extension

Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

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Origin of Vastus Lateralis

It line and linea aspera

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insertion of vastus lateralis

quadriceps tendon attached to the tibial tuberosity

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Origin of the vastus medialis

linea aspera and trochanteric line

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insertion of the vastus medialis

quadriceps tendon at the tibial tuberosity

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Origin of the vastus intermedius

anterior lateral aspect of the femur

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insertion of the vastus intermedius

quadriceps tendon at the tibial tuberosity

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76

What are the joints of the ankle

talocrural and talocalcaneal

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what two joints make up the talocrural joint

tibiofibular joint and tibiotalar joint

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Prime Mover of Dorsiflexion

tibialis Anterior

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Synergists of dorsiflexion

extensor digitorum longus, peroneus Tertius and extensor hallucis longus

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80

Origin of the tibias anterior

upper lateral tibia and interosseous membrane

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Insertion of the tibialis anterior

Medial cuneiform bone

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Origin of the peroneus tertius

distal anterior aspect of the fibula and interosseous membrane

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insertion of peroneus tertius

dorsal surface of the base of the 5th metatarsal

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84

Origin of the extensor digitorum longus

lateral condyle of tibia and interosseous membrane

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insertion of the extensor digitorum longus

distal and middle phalanges of digits 2-5

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origin of extensor hallucis longus

Anterior distal aspect of fibula and interosseous membrane

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insertion of extensor hallucis longus

base of the distal phalanx of big toe

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degrees of Motion for knee extension

2 degrees

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degrees of motion for dorsiflexion

20 degrees

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90

degrees of motion for planarflexion

50 degrees

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91

Prime mover of plantar flexion

gastrocnemius

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3 synergists of plantar flexion

soleus, tibialis posterior, plantaris

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Origins of soleus

medial boarder of tibia, head of fibula, interosseous membrane

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Insertion of soleus

posterior surface of the calcaneus

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Origin of tibialis posterior

posterior surface of the tibia and fibula and the interosseous membrane

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insertions of the tibialis posterior

tuberosity of the navicular; intermediate, lateral, and medial cuneiform bones; cuboid bone; bases of metatarsals 2-4

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origin of the plantaris

linea aspera

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98

insertion of the plantaris

posterior calcaneus

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99

Prime Mover of Truck Flexion

Rectus Abdominus

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100

3 synergists of trunk flexion

external oblique, internal oblique, iliopsoas

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