AP Lit Literary Terms

studied byStudied by 5 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

ambiguity

1 / 119

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

120 Terms

1

ambiguity

deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way- - this is done on purpose by the author, when it is not done on purpose, it is vagueness, and detracts from the work

New cards
2

anachronism

something out of place in time

New cards
3

ex. caveman who microwaves his dinner

New cards
4

archetype

a perfect example or model of something

New cards
5

connotation

the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase

New cards
6

denotation

the dictionary definition of a word

New cards
7

details

pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea

New cards
8

epigraph

a quotation or aphorism at the beginning of a literary work suggestive of the theme

New cards
9
New cards
10

ex: at the beginning of Harper Lee's novel: "Lawyer's, I suppose, were children once" : hint of theme of childhood innocence

New cards
11

flashback

a scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time

New cards
12

foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

New cards
13

imagery

the use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person , a thing, a place, or an experience

New cards
14

in media res

to a literary work beginning at a point in its narrative other than the chronological beginning

New cards
15

mood

An atmosphere created by a writer's diction and the details selected

New cards
16

moral

ethical or philosophical lessons or messages conveyed within a literary work .. specific message

New cards
17

motif

a recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work (or in several works by one author), unifying the work by tying the current situation to previous ones, or new ideas to the theme. Kurt Vonnegut uses "So it goes" throughout Slaughterhouse-Five to remind the reader of the senselessness of death

New cards
18

parable

a relatively short story that teaches a moral, or lesson about how to lead a good life

New cards
19

syntax

the order in which the words are written or spoken; sentence structure

New cards
20

theme

the insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work

New cards
21

tone

the attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization

New cards
22

allegory

story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities

New cards
23

ex animal farm

New cards
24

allusion

reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature, etc.)

New cards
25

apostrophe

calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea

New cards
26
New cards
27

ex. macbeth addresses a dagger he imagines before him

New cards
28

euphemism

a word or phrase that softens an uncomfortable topic

New cards
29

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement, for effect. "If I told you once, I've told you a million times...."

New cards
30

irony

a discrepancy between appearances and reality

New cards
31

direct metaphor

saying that one thing is another thing

New cards
32

indirect metaphor

when the writer states one of the things and the reader must infer the other

New cards
33
New cards
34

ex. At his daughter's wedding, a river gently flowed down the father's cheeks.

New cards
35

extended metaphor

A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.

New cards
36

metonymy

a figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing, is referred to by something closely associated with it. "We requested from the crown support for our petition." The crown is used to represent the monarch

New cards
37

PART represents CONTEXT

New cards
38

oxymoron

a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. "Jumbo shrimp." "Pretty ugly." "Bitter-sweet"

New cards
39

paradox

a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth

New cards
40

ex. I must be cruel only to be kind

New cards
41

personification

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

New cards
42

pun

a "play on words" based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things

New cards
43

ex. Denial ain't just a river in Egypt

New cards
44

simile

a figure of speech that makes an explicitly comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as , than, or resembles

New cards
45

epic simile

A simile developed over several lines of verse

New cards
46

symbol

a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself

New cards
47

synaesthesia

synesthesia is a figurative use of words that intends to draw out a response from readers by stimulating multiple senses

New cards
48
New cards
49

ex. his words cut the air like a dagger

New cards
50

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. "If you don't drive properly, you will lose your wheels." The wheels represent the entire car - PART represents WHOLE

New cards
51

understatement

statement that says less than what is meant

New cards
52
New cards
53

ex. During the second war with Iraq, American troops complained of a fierce sand storm that made even the night-vision equipment useless. A British commando commented about the storm: "It's a bit breezy."

New cards
54

alliteration

repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together

New cards
55

antecedent

a thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another.

New cards
56

"some antecedents to the African novel might exist in Africa's oral traditions"

New cards
57

conceit

complex, sustained metaphor, commonly used in poetry. explores theme or idea in imaginative/extended way.. look for extended metaphors that are central to the poem's meanings and themes

New cards
58
New cards
59

comparing lover to nature in shakespeare sonnet 130

New cards
60

contrast

comparing two things in order to show the differences between them

New cards
61

metaphysical conceit

A type of simile which establishes a striking parallel between startlingly dissimilar things, unusual, "intellectual"

New cards
62
New cards
63

ex. love is like a butterfly

New cards
64

meter

A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

New cards
65

referent

action, state, relationship, or attribute in the referential realm.

New cards
66
New cards
67

ex.

New cards
68

Historically, there was only one person called George Washington, the first president of the United States. He can be referred to in a text in many ways, such as

New cards
69

the concrete object or concept that is designated by a word or expression. A referent is an object,

New cards
70
New cards
71

Even though there are many ways to talk about him, there is only one ___ in the referential realm.

New cards
72

masculine rhyme

occurs when the stressed syllables at line endings rhyme together.

New cards
73
New cards
74

ex. "The dog barked loud, in a crowd".

New cards
75

feminine rhyme

lines rhymed by their final two syllables

New cards
76
New cards
77

ex plea-sure, trea-sure

New cards
78

shift

tone or mood is changed

New cards
79

stanza

A group of lines in a poem

New cards
80

structure

the arrangement or framework of a sentence, paragraph, or entire work

New cards
81

Bildungsroman

A coming of age story

New cards
82

climax

the turning point of the story

New cards
83

internal conflict

man vs. self

New cards
84

external conflict

A struggle between a character and an outside force

New cards
85

denouement

an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot

New cards
86

epiphany

A moment of sudden revelation or insight

New cards
87

epistolary

A piece of literature contained in or carried on by letters

New cards
88

exposition

Background information presented in a literary work

New cards
89

falling action

Events after the climax, leading to the resolution

New cards
90

gothic romance

a romance that deals with desolate and mysterious and grotesque events

New cards
91

inciting incident

event that introduces the central conflict

New cards
92

metafiction

fiction that concerns the nature of fiction itself, either by reinterpreting a previous fictional work or by drawing attention to its own fictional status.

New cards
93
New cards
94

"book about a book"

New cards
95

motivation

the reasons for a character's behavior

New cards
96

narrative pace

the speed at which the story progresses and the overall timing of event

New cards
97

plot

sequence of events

New cards
98

resolution

End of the story where loose ends are tied up

New cards
99

rising action

Events leading up to the climax

New cards
100

setting

The time and place of a story

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 97 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6960 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(50)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard190 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard79 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard123 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)