history exam 3

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A new civilization emerges from the Greco Roman Empire. What is this civilization called

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1

A new civilization emerges from the Greco Roman Empire. What is this civilization called

Christendom

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2

The christian church had to shift from a belief in the rapid conclusion to the world to what

To the belief that Christianity will be continues presence in the world (Jesus is not returning as soon as they thought)

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3

Jesus is an

Apocalyptic prophet

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4

List the maturation of the Christian church

  1. move from oral tradition to written tradition 2) development of rituals, communion, hierarchy 3) development of accommodationist ideology 4) rejection of radical revolutionary strains of Christianity

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5

What is the most powerful institution in Europe

The church

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6

Why is the church useful to the state

Serves as a public good and they do not have to pay taxes

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7

Wrong thinking

HERASY

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8

History of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire was written by

Edward gibbons

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9

Assigns Christian’s reasons for success

Edward gibbons

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10

Quid pro quo

You do something , like sacrifice something and then God responds

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11

Reasons that Christianity rose

The doctrine of immortality, miracles, morality, organization

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12

What did pope Gregory the greats missionary blueprint say

Don’t get too carried away with the “you have to do this to be a member of the church”

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13

The state made illegal the

Deconstruction of pagan shrines

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14

Pope Gregory said what about sacrificing animals

If the people insist on sacrificing animals let them do it. Just so long as they sacrifice it to God

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15

God agriculture

Saturnalia

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16

One way to manage a group of strangers (kind of government in the Middle Ages)

Feudalism

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17

A persistence threat to southern Europe

Muslims

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18

Area of Hungary a threat in the east

Magyars

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19

A threat from the north

Vikings

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20

The military of the feudalism

Fief

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21

Social implications of feudalism

Warrior nobility, paid taxes in blood

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22

The warrior nobility in feudalism gained control of who/what

The fief

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23

The fact that the warrior nobility gained political control of the fief made the power of the government go to

Power of the government was in private hands

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24

Another way that the mid evil society controlled society and a type of society

Manorialism

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25

This type of society had peasant and serfs

Manorialism

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26

In this type of society the townspeople are free and the fiefs could have several farms

Manorialism

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27

another type of society in the mid evil times

Guild system

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28

What types of things was the guild system focused on

Learning the trades, protecting the marker, caring for workers, they had their own hall in town to enforce the rules

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29

Throughout the Middle Ages the what functioned more importantly than anything else

Church

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30

The bread and wine turn the wine and bread into the blood and body of Christ

Transubstantiation

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31

The saturnalia was a festival in which they celebrated the God of agriculture. This was considered to be the

Best of times. Gifts were given. And emerged as a festival to mark the end of growing season

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32

Who chose December the 25 as Christmas

Pope Julius 1

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33

Why did the church chose this date as Christmas

To adopt and absorb the traditions of the pagan saturnalia festival.

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34

God of the unconquerable sun

Cult of mithra

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35

What must the church do to survive

Get people to church, offer alternative sources of magic etc

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36

Relics- shroud of Turin

Clothe laid on Christ in the tomb. Example of magic

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37

What the church has that other institutions don’t that makes them the most powerful

Salvation, education, wealth (especially the land attached to the church)

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38

Passed on by non genetic means

Culture

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39

The seven sacraments of the church (Catholic Church)

Baptism, confession, communion, confirmation, matrimony, holy orders, extreme unction(annointing of the sick)

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40

How old are Catholics saved

Eight

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41

How old are Protestants saved

Twelve

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42

Primogeniture (the oldest son inherits everything)

Monastic communities (a church problem)

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43

Socially assigned role to the sex

Gender

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44

The issue of control

Investiture conflict (another problem of the church)

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45

Henry the 4 was stripped of the crown by

The church. Thought he should be deciding who the leaders were. Disagreed with the church so they church said he should go to hell.

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46

Pope Gregory the 7

Brought Henry the 4 back into the church

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47

Henry the 4

Lost the battle with the church

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48

Thomas Aquinas linked

Logic and reason. He said all humans desire an eternal soul everything in nature has a purpose therefore salvation will happen

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49

All authority comes form

The church and body

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50

What three reasons will make the church collapse

Church crisis, nobility/military crisis, bubonic plague

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51

The three legs of the Catholic Church stool

Bible, church, tradition

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52

Civilization comes with the

Church

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53

No salvation outside of the

Church

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54

Wealth- has titles and land and then cars of good works. Not about the

Money

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55

Place where you go to be purged of your sins in the Catholic Church

Purgatory

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Indulgences of good works

Good works

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57

The church as an institution has moral and monetary authority. So the church does what

Wins any dispute between it and the state

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58

Who was involved int eh first church crisis. The crown versus the church

France vs England

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59

Who did pope boniface VIII challenge

Philip IV (the fair)

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60

Who won in pope boniface VIII and Philip IV

Philip IV

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61

What is papal bull

What people should be believing

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62

Pope boniface VIII launched two things what were they

  1. clericis laicos and the anti-papal campaign

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63

What does ascult fili mean

Listen my son

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64

Who are the estate generals

Support the crown/congress. Support the opposition of the pope

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65

Who was the first Avignon pope (French)

Pope clement

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66

Pope clement was _- to the king

Loyal

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67

Selling church offices

Venality

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First years salary. The state would take the first years salary after the person buys office for themselves

Annates

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69

Church is looking more and more human and less and less divine

The great schism

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70

The pope said to support the church but who said no

Philip IV

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71

Since the great schism occurred the church ends up with how many popes

3

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72

During the people versus the church what movement occurred

The reform movement

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73

Cynicism creeping into faith

Reform movement

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74

Priest can be removed from the relationship

Mysticism

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Idea you can have a relationship with God without the church

Mysticism

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76

The new deviation or the brethren of the common life

Gerard grootes

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77

Thomas á Kempis

Imitation of Christ. Kind of like what would Jesus do

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78

Says teh church can not be reformed

Pollards and John Wycliffe

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79

During the heretical movement what began being translated

The Bible began being read in vernacular. The language of the people

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80

Rationale for nobility (military creates a privileged elite)

Nobles

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81

Prerogatives of the state

Significance. Power (decide now your people need to be punished)

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82

How did France lose the Hundred Years’ War

Because they English had long bows to fight and it was also called the battle of crecy

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83

Illiterate prophet

Muhammad

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84

The third kalethfor. Standardized the Karen

Uthman

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85

Who helped strengthen the power of the crown

Crusades

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86

For Protestants only one legged stool

the Bible

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87

The fact that the church loses authority makes the __ lose authority

Nobles

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88

Sing that God is perhaps communicating with them

Portent

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89

First four leaders after Muhammad died.

Rashidun

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90

The ___ plague is another reason the church failed

Bubonic

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91

The population is always going to grow faster than the food supply

Malthusian crisis. Thomas Malthusian

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92

The survivors of the bubonic plague have more food and becomes

Healthier

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93

How much of the population does the bubonic plague wipe out

30-50%

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94

Arabic kingdoms flourished in the area now known as

Yemen

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95

Domesticated Camels made what kingdoms prosper

Arabic

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96

Pastoralists (herders) versus southerners

Robert sapolsky

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97

Thieves can’t steal crops but they can steal __

Herds

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98

So pastoralists, says sapolsky

Develop warrior classes, develop monotheism, foster cultures of honor

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99

By 500s Christina’s and Jews move into

Arabian peninsula

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100

Early Mecca resulted in

An oasis in Hejaz

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