World History Midterm

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

scientists use the term ? to describe all human ancestors

1 / 111

Tags and Description

Human Origins, The Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, and Exploration and Colonization

112 Terms

1

scientists use the term ? to describe all human ancestors

hominin

New cards
2

most scientists now believe that the earliest human ancestors can be traced back about ? years

6-7 million years

New cards
3

which of the following would be considered to be the first to break away from a “hunting and gathering” lifestyle

neanderthal

New cards
4

which of the following terms would be used to describe all of history up until about 5500 years ago

prehistoric

New cards
5

which of the following is true of neanderthals

they lived simultaneously with homo sapiens

New cards
6

during the neolithic revolution…

modern humans begane to engage in architechture and animals were domesticated

New cards
7

which of the following statement best describes the changes brought about from the “Neolithic Revolution”

people were now able to focus on things other than obtaining food

New cards
8

the first civilization in history is believed to have developed in

mesopotamia

New cards
9

which of the following would historians not be considered to be a characteristic/trait necessary for “civilization”

slaves and a monotheistic religion

New cards
10

what can you conclude regarding human evolution

the majority of our ancestors survived longer than we have to date and homo erectus was the longest surviving human ancestor

New cards
11

which of the following statements is true regarding the development of agriculture 12,000 years ago

gave people a more dependable source of food, resulted in man becoming less nomadic, resulted in woen assuming new, less important roles and responsibilites, led to the creation of specialized workers

New cards
12

Humanism

Intellectual movement/system in which a more worldly approach was taken to lifestyles, beliefs, history, rhetoric, grammar, and language. People began to focus less on religion and the afterlife, and instead more on the individual accomplishments that each person can achieve within a lifetime.

New cards
13

Secularism

An idea that rejects religion and religious considerations.

New cards
14

Individualism

Emphasizes the worth and value of individual achievement. \n Example:"Carpe diem" - Seize the day

New cards
15

Ideal Male

They must be charming, polite, writer, able to dance, witty, play music, strong, sing, poetry, skilled at horse riding, wrestler, and swordsman.

New cards
16

Ideal Women

They must writes well, paints well, plays music, source of inspiration, sings, and charming.

New cards
17

Perspective

Describes a painting technique in which shape and size are used to create the illusion of a third dimension on a 2-D surface.

New cards
18

Fresco Painting

Describes a type of painting in which tempera is applied to wet plaster

New cards
19

Florence

The birthplace of the Italian Renaissance.

New cards
20

The Low Countries

The birthplace of the Northern Renaissance

New cards
21

Giotto

One of the first artists to implement realism in his work ever since the Classical Ages \n Used an abundance of perspective and contrast within his work

New cards
22

Brunelleschi

Famous for the usage of linear perspective in his artwork \n He was also one of the first individuals during the Renaissance to emphasize linear perspective within his artwork

New cards
23

Donatello

Unique artstyle \n Praised for his realistic artwork and sculptures

New cards
24

Masaccio

Inspired by the linear perspective technique used by Brunelleschi \n Implemented religious themes while also adding individualism within his work, influenced by Giotto \n Strayed from Gothic art styles

New cards
25

Botticelli

Paintings reflected the influential values of the time ex: \n Zeitgeist \n Botticelli used sgraffito (layering of plaster) within much of his artwork. \n He also used layered egg whites to create texture within his artwork. \n He used both foreshortening and perspective within his artwork as well. \n He emphasized nature, realism, and Classical Age themes within his artwork

New cards
26

Leonardo da Vinci

Emphasizes geometry, realism, and perspective within his artwork. \n He is regarded as being one of the first "Renaissance Men". \n He utilized an abundance of contrast as well within his paintings. \n He also introduced the sfumato and chiaroscuro techniques

New cards
27

Michelangelo

He was an extremely realistic painter. \n He painted many frescoes ex: Sistine Chapel \n Style: buon fresco technique, in which the artist paints quickly on wet plaster before it dries

New cards
28

Raphael

He used an abundance of linear perspective within his artwork. \n He was strongly influenced by one of his mentors

New cards
29

Van Eyck

Frequently used oil paints. \n Emphasized detail and realism. \n Used details to emphasize the wealth of people.Emphasize details within fabrics as well

New cards
30

Caravaggio

Utilized an abundance of chiaroscuro and tenebrism. \n Emphasis on realism. \n He often did not use frescoes, if at all, for his mainly just used oil paints. \n Implemented religious themes into his artwork. \n Co-extensive space was another prominent technique.

New cards
31

Albrecht Dürer

German painter. He was extremely influential as it relates to the northern Renaissance, for he was one of the first northern European artists to be inspired by the Italian Renaissance. Was most famous for his engravings and paintings.

New cards
32

Bruegel

Contrast of light and dark. \n A great amount of detail and color is used within his artwork. \n Emphasizes relevant topics of the time in his artwork. \n Emphasized painting peasants instead of painting wealthy and/or biblical individuals

New cards
33

the populations of neolithic billages were able to increase mostly due to

food surpluses

New cards
34

buddhism’s four noble truths

the truth of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering. More simply put, suffering exists; it has a cause; it has an end; and it has a cause to bring about its end.

New cards
35

throughout the majority of their history, the romans were

polytheistic and persecuted other religions

New cards
36

chronological sequence of events

the neolithic revolution began in approximately 10,000 BC, civilization developed in mesopotamia circa 5500 BCE, greek civilization reached its peak in the 5 century BCE, the romans adopted Christianity as their official religion in 392 CE. Historians use the date AD 476 to refer to the collapse of the roman Empire

New cards
37

hinduism core beliefs

kama, the pursuit of pleasure; artha, the pursuit of material success; dharma, leading a just and good life; and moksha, enlightenment, which frees a person from suffering and unites the individual soul with Brahman.

New cards
38

confucianism main belief

people should abide by a moral code and live their life in accordance with their prescribed societal roles

New cards
39

Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are

manifestations of Brahman - Hinduism

New cards
40

Popularity of Religions of the world

Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism

New cards
41

which of the following are considered to be among the “achievements” of the Roman Civilization

the creation of the “Roman Arch”, the creation of the formula for concrete, providing an abundant supply of water to its people, an extensive network of roads

New cards
42

which of the following contributed to the “fall of the Western Roman Empire” in the 5th century

the invasions of the Germanic tribes, Rome suffered from political instability, the overall quality and quantity of the Roman military decreased

New cards
43

why did the Romans have a difficult time withstanding the invasions of their territory

the invasions seemed to come from almost every direction and the boundaries of the Roman Frontiers were vast

New cards
44

the Early Middle ages began around

500 CE as the Western Roman Empire faded

New cards
45

the signing of the “Magna Carta” is significant because England’s King John agreed to

the idea that his power would be limited and he would have to obey laws

New cards
46

“Feudalism” developed and became prevalent through Europe

due to the need for protection from invaders and mainly during the invastions of the 8th-10th centuries

New cards
47

which of the following is true of “early medieval society” following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire”

Western Europe became more “fragmented” as the Germanic tribes displaced the Romans

New cards
48

The Crusades cand be best described as

a Christian attempt to free the Holy Land from Muslim occupation

New cards
49

which of the following two statements were effects of the Black Plague

feudalism declined and 1/3 of Europe’s population died

New cards
50

T or F: Homo sapiens is now the second longest surviving of all human species

f

New cards
51

The “First Century BCE” refers to the years 100 BCE- 0 BCE

f

New cards
52

Man’s shift to an agricultural existence is believed to have lowered the status of women

t

New cards
53

scientists believe that different human ancestors existed simultaneously

t

New cards
54

early medieval society was much more sophisticated and developed with regard to technology, engineering and cultural contributions than that of the Roman Empire

f

New cards
55

during the middle ages, most people in western europe were catholic while most people in the byzantine empire were jewish

f

New cards
56

the romance languages are derived from latin and were born after the fall of the roman emppire

t

New cards
57

Hindus believe in one god named Buddha that manifests itself in multiple forms

f

New cards
58

the Quran is a collection of saying/quotes passed down from generation to generation starting with Abraham and ending with Muhammad

f

New cards
59

the pax romana is remembered as a special period in Roman history because it was when the roman empire expanded rapidly due to the many wars it fought and won

f

New cards
60

Clovis’ acceptance of Christianity is credited with helping to preserve Christianity in the wake of the Germanic Invasions

t

New cards
61

Being it is the oldest of the world religions, Hinduism has now spread to more countries than any other religion

f

New cards
62

Juaism is now the third most popular religion in the world with over 750 million followers

f

New cards
63

Because of their belief in the concept of “ahimsa”m Hindus tend to be nonviolent and vegetarian”

t

New cards
64

according to Hindu beliefs, a person’s ultimate goal is to achieve “moksha” by having your “atman” unite with “Brahman”

t

New cards
65

Confucian values have been very popular throughout Chinese history largely due to its emphasis on the equality of men and women

f

New cards
66

The middle Ages are largely remembered as a time of widespread poverty, warfare, disease and general lack of technology/sophistication

t

New cards
67

Schism

Split between Eastern and Western Chrisitan churches in 1054 CE

New cards
68

Hinduism

Believe that the way you live this life will affect your status in the next life as you work towards the ultimate goal of “moksha” or release from the cycle of rebirth

New cards
69

Judaism

Believed in a covenant with one, all powerful, god who consider them to be his “chosen people”

New cards
70
New cards
71
New cards
72
New cards
73
New cards
74
New cards
75
New cards
76
New cards
77
New cards
78
New cards
79
New cards
80
New cards
81
New cards
82
New cards
83
New cards
84
New cards
85
New cards
86
New cards
87
New cards
88
New cards
89
New cards
90
New cards
91
New cards
92
New cards
93
New cards
94
New cards
95
New cards
96
New cards
97
New cards
98
New cards
99
New cards
100
New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 160 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 126 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 76 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 181234 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(731)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 70 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(7)
flashcards Flashcard177 terms
studied byStudied by 77 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard81 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 142 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard85 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard203 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 137 people
Updated ... ago
3.8 Stars(5)
flashcards Flashcard78 terms
studied byStudied by 31 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)