english literary terms

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allegory

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134 Terms

1

allegory

a literary work with literal elements having second symbolic meanings

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2

alliteration

repitition of initial consonant sounds in words

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3

allusion

reference to something outside the next

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4

anecdote

short amusing story

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5

antagonist

chararcter that words against the protagonist

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6

aphorism

memorable statement capturing broad truth/universal truth or idea

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7

apostrophe

speaker addresses inatimate object or someone whos not there/dead

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8

aside

speaker addresses audience directly

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9

assonance

repitition of similar vowel sounds within words and phrases

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10

autobiography

a self written biography

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11

ballad

a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature

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12

biography

A written account of another person's life.

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13

blank verse

poetry/prose that doesnt rhyme

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14

caeusra

pause in poetry/verse

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15

catalog

a list for poetic/rhetorical effect

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16

character

person/thing

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17

Cliché

overused unoriginal idea/concept

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18

climax

height of story

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19

comedy

something funny

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20

conceit

comparison between two unlikely things

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21

concrete poem

a visual poem

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22

conflict

central struggle

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23

connotation

the suggested meaning rather than literal meaning of something

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24

anaology

comparison of two unlike things similar in some ways to explain something

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25

atmosphere

how a writer constructs their piece to convery feelings, emotions, and mood

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26

consonance

repittion of one or more consonant sounds that are close together

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27

couplet

a pair of consectuive lines that complete a thoght

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28

denouement

point of story where conflict is resolved

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29

description

you just know what this is ig?

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30

dialect

an attempt to capture/ indicate the speech of a certain group

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31

dialouge

exchange of spoken words

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32

diction

choice of words/style used by author to convey a message

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33

dramatic monologue

when a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience

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34

dynamic character

character that changes

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35

elegy

a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.

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36

epic

long narrative in verse form that retells a heroic journey

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37

epiphany

a moemt where a character has a sudden insight or realization

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38

epithet

describes something by replacing it

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39

essay

a short piece of writing on a particular subject.

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40

exposition

introduction of a story

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41

fable

short story with lesson or moral

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42

falling action

part of conclusion after climax of story resolves conflict ties up loose ends

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43

farce

works containign riduclous plots, exxagerated characters, iver the top situations just to be funny

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44

figure of speech

a device used to produce figurative language

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45

first person

i me my view

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46

flashback

you know what this is

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47

flat cjaracter

character that isnt complex

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48

foil

a character that contrasts another

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49

folktale

traditional fictional story

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50

foot

basic meter consisiting of combination of two or more stressed/unstressed syllables

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51

foreshadowing

hint to later events

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52

free verse

poem that doesnt follow any specific guide or concept

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53

genre

type of literature

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54

hyperbole

extreme eggaertation

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55

iamb

unstressed then stressed syllables

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56

iambic pentameter

each line contains 10 syllables+5 iambs

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57

idiom

A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.

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58

imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

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59

impressionism

when an author centers around a characters mental life/impressions

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60

incongruity

illogical relationships between parts of a sentence

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61

inference

logical deductions based on premises assumed to be true

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62

internal rhyme

middle/end words rhyme with each other

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63

inversion

words/phrases/sentences in non traditonal order

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64

irony

A contrast between expectation and reality

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65

jargon

vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people

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66

literal language

it is what it is

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67

lyric poem

a short poem of songlike quality

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68

metaphor

comparison without like or as

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69

meter

the rhythmic structure of a line of a verse

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70

modernism

a modern style of writing

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71

mood

the emotional atmosphere

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72

motif

A recurring theme, subject or idea

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73

myth

A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.

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74

narrative

writing technqiue used to tell a story

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75

narrator

the speaker telling the story

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76

naturalism

a literary movement focused on extreme realism

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77

nonfiction

real shit

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78

octave

a verse form consisting of eight lines of iambic pentameter

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79

ode

formal poem that praises/celebrates something

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80

omniscient point of view

pov with everything knowledge

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81

Onomatopoeia

word that makes a sound

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82

oxymoron

two contradictoary words to form a paradox`

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83

parable

short story providing a moral/spiritual lesson with a comparison/symbolism

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84

paradox

an apparently contradictory statement that is perhaps true

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85

parallel strucutre

using the same patterns of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of important

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86

parody

humorous imitation

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87

personification

giving human qualities to non-human things

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88

persuasion

A kind of speaking or writing that is intended to influence people's actions.

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89

plain styyle

clear/concise/precise

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90

plot

sequence of events

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91

point of view

the perspective

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92

post modernism

experimentation and rejection of convential forms of literature

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93

prologue

pre-face/introduction to a work

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94

prose

Any writing that is not poetry

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95

protagonist

main character

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96

proverb

Short statement of advice or wisdom

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97

pun

A play on words

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98

quatrain

a verse within 4 lines

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99

rationalism

scientific thought + logical reason >>>

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100

resolution

End of the story where loose ends are tied up

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