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Acne

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103 Terms

1

Acne

inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands that produces pimples on the skin

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2

albinism

an inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin, resulting in extremely pale skin and white hair

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3

allergy skin test

a test used to identify allergies

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4

alopecia

hair loss that results from genetics, normal aging, illness, or drugs used to treat certain diseases

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5

Anesthetic

a drug that causes reversible loss of sensation or pain; used to temporarily deaden pain

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6

Antibiotic

a drug that fights or prevents bacterial infections

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Antifungal

a drug use to fight off fungal infections

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8

Antipruritic

A drug used to inhibit itching

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9

antiviral

a drug used to treat viral infections

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10

Arrector pili

bundles of small muscle fibers

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11

autograft

the surgical transfer of tissue from one part of a patient’s body to another part of the same body

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12

basal cell carcinoma

a commonly slow growing, malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis that typically does not metastasize

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13

basal layer

the deepest layer of the epidermis that is constantly growing and multiplying, with younger cells pushing old cells to the surface

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14

biologic

a drug that works like parts of the immune system by disrupting the autoimmune response that occurs in certain disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis

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15

biopsy

The removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscope examination to determine the presence of disease

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16

blepharoplasty

Plastic surgery of the eyelid

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17

burns

damage the outer layer (epidermis) of the skin

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18

cauterization

destruction of tissue through the application of heat, cold, or an electrical current

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19

chemical peel

the use of chemicals to remove outer layer of skin

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20

cicatrix

a scar left by a healed wound

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21

collagen

a fibrous protein found in skin, bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments

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22

corticosteroid

A hormone like drug used as an anti-inflammatory and/or immunosuppressant

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23

cryosurgery

a surgical procedure in which infected or abdnormal cells or tissues are frozen in order to desytroy or remvoe them

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24

Curettage

the removal of tissue by scraping the surface

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25

Cuticle

a barrow band of epidermal tissue attached to the surface of the nail

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26

Cyanosis

a blush or purplish discoloration of the skin, cause by decreased circulation of oxygen rich blood

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27

Cyst

a closed, thick-walled sac or punch containing fluid or semisolid material that develops in a cavity or other structure of the body

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28

debridement

the removal of damaged tissue and foreign debris to prevent infection and promote healing

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29

Dermabrasion

the use of abrasive materials to remove layers of skin

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30

Dermatologist

a physician who diagnoses the treats conditions and diseases of the skin, har, and nails

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31

Dermis

the layer of skin that lies directly below the epidermis, and which is made up of connective tissue, blood and lymphatic vessels, nerve fibers, hair follicles, and sebaceous

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32

ecchymosis

black-and-blue or purplish bruise case by a ruptured blood vessels beneath the skin

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33

eczema

acute or chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythema, itchiness, and edema, swelling

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34

epidermis

The outermost layer of the skin

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35

epithelial tissue

Body tissue that forms the skin covering the surface of the body, lines the internal organs, and makes up certain glands.

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36

excisional biopsy

The surgical removal of an entire lesion or tumor

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37

exfoliative cytology

A biopsy in which living tissue is scraped

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38

first degree burn

A skin burn characterized by superficial epidermal lesions.

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39

fissure

sore; A deep, narrow, slit-like opening in a bone.

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40

gangrene

Necrosis, or death, of tissue due to loss of blood supply, followed by bacterial infection

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41

gland

A cell, or groups of cells, that secretes select sub- stances within or out of the body

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42

hair follicles

Tiny secretory cavities from which hair grows

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43

hair shaft

The non growing part of a hair that protrudes from the skin

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44

immunosuppressant

drug that prevents or reduces the body’s normal reactions to invasion and which is used to prevent the rejection of donor tissue or to treat autoimmune disorders

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45

impetigo

bacterial infection of the skin characterized by vesicles (small, fluid-filled sacs), pustules (small, pus-filled blisters), and crusted-over lesions.

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46

incisional biopsy

A biopsy procedure in which an incision is made into living tissue, and a small piece is removed for microscopic examination.

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47

integumentary system

The body system that is com- posed of the skin and its accessories, and which protects the body by functioning as a physical barrier, regulates temperature and fluid control, produces vitamin D, and provides sensory information.

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48

intradermal skin test

test in which different sub-stances are injected into the skin to test for allergic reactions.

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49

Kaposi’s sarcoma

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50

keloid

An abnormally raised, thickened scar.

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51

keratin

fibrous, water-repellent protein.

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52

laser therapy

The surgical or therapeutic use of devices that generate concentrated beams of light.

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53

lesions, cancerous

a region in an organ or tissue which has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound

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54

lipectomy

The surgical removal of fat below the skin

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55

lipids

A group of organic compounds that lubricate the skin and minimize water loss.

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56

lipocytes

Cells that manufacture and store fat

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57

liposuction

the use of suction during surgery to remove fat below the skin.

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58

lunula

The semilunar (half-moon- shaped), white area at the proximal end of the nail.

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59

macule

An oval-shaped pigmented area near the retina, which contains specialized, high-density cones that are used for high-acuity vision.

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60

malignant melanoma

A cancerous growth composed of melanocytes that begins as an irregularly shaped macule and then changes color and texture; clas- sifi ed as level I, II, III, or IV, depending on level of penetration.

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61

melanin

Pigment responsible for the skin’s color and which also helps protect skin against the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.

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62

melanocytes

Cells located in the epidermis that contain and produce dark brown-to- black pigments called melanin.

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63

mohs surgery

A surgical method for treating skin cancer; thin, tumorous skin layers are successively removed and examined, the process continuing until there is no evidence of the tumor.

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64

mucous membrane

A thin, pliable layer of tissue that lines any body cavity that opens to the outside world

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65

nail plate

The hard, translucent part of the nail.

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66

nail root

The area of the dermis on which the nail rests

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67

nails

Accessory organs of the skin that are made of hard keratin.

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68

needle biopsy

A biopsy procedure in which a needle is used to remove a tissue sample for microscopic examination.

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69

nevus

A highly pigmented lesion of the skin that is fl at or raised; also called a mole

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70

nodule

A solid skin elevation larger than one centi-meter in diameter; may develop in the epidermis, dermis, or subcutaneous layer.

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71

oral drugs

a method of taking substances through the mouth.

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72

papule

A solid skin elevation with distinct borders and a diameter of less than one centimeter; also called a pimple.

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73

perspiration

The fluid excreted by sweat glands; also known as sweat

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74

petechia

round, pinpoint spots on the skin caused by intradermal hemorrhage.

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75

polyp

A small, mushroom-like growth, typically benign, that extends from the surface of a mucous membrane.

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76

psoriasis

A chronic disease marked by itchy, erythema-tous skin with silvery patches.

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77

punch biopsy

A biopsy in which a rotating blade is used to produce a cylindrical core of tissue.

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78

purpura

A purple or brownish-red rash in which blood leaks from vessels into the skin or mucous membranes.

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79

pustule

A small, infected skin elevation that contains pus; abscess.

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80

rhytidectomy

The elimination of wrinkles by surgically removing skin from the face

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81

scabies

A contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus, or itching.

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82

scleroderma

A chronic, progressive disease of the skin marked by hardening and shrinking of connective tissue, which causes edema or pain in the muscles or joints.

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83

sclerotherapy

The injection of a medical solution such as saline into varicose veins or spider veins to remove these veins.

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84

scratch test

A type of allergy skin test; the forearm is scratched with lancets and a variety of substances.

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85

sebaceous glands

Glands that secrete sebum and are located in the dermal layer of the skin.

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86

sebum

An oily substance that lubricates the skin and hair.

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87

second degree burns

A skin burn characterized by epidermal and dermal lesions, erythema, blisters, and hyperesthesia.

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88

squamous cells carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the squa- mous epithelial cells of the epidermis; may grow in other organs lined with epithelial cells

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89

stratified squamous epithelium

The upper layer of the epidermis.

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90

subcutaneous layer

The deepest layer of the skin.

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91

sweat glands

Tiny, coiled glands that secrete sweat (perspiration) and are located in the dermis.

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92

systemic lupus erythematosus

chronic, inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, joints, and internal organs. SLE is an autoimmune disease.

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93

third degree burn

A skin burn in which the epidermis and dermis are destroyed.

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94

tinea

A skin infection caused by a fungus.

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95

topical drugs

a route of administering drugs via the skin to provide topical therapeutic effects

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96

transdermal drugs

a painless method of delivering drugs systemically by applying a drug formulation onto intact and healthy skin

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97

ulcer

An open sore or an erosion of the skin or lining of a mucous membrane.

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98

urticaria

A condition characterized by hives with local-ized swelling and itching.

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99

varicose

A varicose vein in the spermatic cord; may result in a lump or mass in the scrotum; also may cause infertility.

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100

vesicle

small, raised skin lesion fi lled with clear fl uid; blister.

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