G&D peds exam 1

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when does magical thinking begin

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1

when does magical thinking begin

by 36 months or 3 years of age

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2

when will a baby begin to move to a crawl and then standing position

9 months

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3

when does a conscious develop

age 4-5 years according to erikson

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4

when do temper tantrums begin

begin at 18 months and peak at 2 years

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5

when is an identity developed

present at birth

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6

what phase is piaget 2-7 years

pre-operational

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7

when do ligaments stretch - long bones

school aged child/adolescent

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8

when does stranger anxiety go away

9 months

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9

when do children begin to climb stairs

by 24-30 months they should be able to climb stairs alone

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10

when does social play begin

preschool age (4/5)

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11

when do children know their name, 2 words (“ba-ba”, “da-da”)

7-9 months (vocalization)

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12

who feeds every 2-3 hours

newborn

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13

when should birth weight triple

by one year

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14

when can a child answer “why” questions

around 3-4 years of age

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15

when do children start asking “why” questions

2-3 years of age

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16

when do children develop a super ego

around 5 years old

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17

when is myelination complete

23-30 months (2 years)

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18

when can a child sit up with support

4-6 months

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19

when does same-sex play occur

school aged children

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20

when does the anterior fontanel close

18 months

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21

piaget phase birth-2 years

sensorimotor

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22

when does the babinski reflex disappear

after the age of 2

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23

when can a child ride a tricycle

3 years of age

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24

when does stranger anxiety return

18 months

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25

what age is a child’s vision 20/50

toddlers up to age 3

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26

when does industry vs inferiority appear

5 years old

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27

when does initial stranger anxiety occur

7-9 months

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28

when can a child sit up without support

7-9 months (she says 8)

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29

when can a child hold their head up without lag

by 4 months

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30

when does the posterior fontanel close

by 8 weeks after birth

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31

type of care given by pediatric nurses

atraumatic` and anticipatory guidance

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32

when can a child catch a ball

preschool - 3 years

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33

piaget 11-15 phase

formal operations

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34

when do children begin to play with others

preschool - 3 years

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35

when does object permanence occur

9 months

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36

when are children saying 2-3 word sentences

24-30 months

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37

what is the oedipus and electa phase

The Oedipus phase involves a boy, aged between 3 and 6, becoming unconsciously sexually attached to his mother, and hostile towards his father (who he views as a rival). To cope with this anxiety, the son identifies with the father. This means the son adopts / internalizes the attitudes, characteristics and values that his father holds (e.g. personality, gender role, masculine dad-type behaviors etc.). The Electra phase involves a girl, aged between 3 and 6, becoming unconsciously sexually attached to her father and increasingly hostile toward her mother. For girls to develop their superego and female sex role, they need to identify with the mother. (overall freud is a freak)

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38

what is an example of a sensorimotor toy

a rattle

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39

when does parallel play occur

24-30 months

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40

signs of the menstrual cycle

appears 2 years after breast bud development - around 12-13 years (axillary hair develops)

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41

when is a child rolling from back to front

(anticipatory guidance) 4-6 months

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42

first sign of puberty in males

growth of penis and testes (ages 10-13 years) (1st sign!), then pubic hair growth (age 12 years), then facial hair and axillary hair growth, then vocal changes

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43

when is vision 20/200

when the baby is initially born

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44

freud is

psychoanalytic

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45

erikson is

psychosocial

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46

piaget is

cognitive

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47

social smile is developed when

at 2 months

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48

palmar grasp is visible when

3-6 months, able to hold a rattle

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49

when can infants track objects well (sensory)

4-6 months

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50

what happens at 4-6 months

tonic reflex disappears, birth weight doubles at 6 months

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51

what happens at 8 months

sits alone, 7-8 months banging and dropping objects

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52

what happens at 9 months

eating cheerios, can pull themselves into a standing position

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53

socialization, cognition: 10-12 months

  • Shy around strangers

  • Cries when parents leave the room

  • Shows preferences

  • Tests parents

  • Risk with autistic children

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54

when do you begin potty training - they will show signs they are ready, do not force

24-30 months

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55

key factors with toddlers - 12 to 36 months

Weight slows down (4-6 lbs per year)

Height should be doubled at 2 years of age (when they are two years of age, they are half the height of what they will be as an adult)

They can stack blocks at 12-18 months

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56

when do all permanent teeth erupt

school aged children development

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57

what is physical growth

bone length is complete in all the extremities first

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