Theology 12: Material for Test 2

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source of true happiness

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source of true happiness

How does Philippe define mental prayer?

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it is a gift we receive.

What does Philippe say is the first basic truth about prayer?

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leads us to cling to methods that depend ultimately on human effort

Why does Philippe say that the view of prayer as a sort of Christian yoga "gives a completely false picture of mental prayer and the mystical life in Christianity" (Philippe 10)? What is false about this idea of prayer?

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presence of god

What is the major difference between Eastern forms of meditation and Christian prayer?

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methods or exercises can be helpful

What does Philippe say about methods or exercises in mental prayer?

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humility

According to St. Teresa of Avila, what is prayer founded upon?

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everyone

According to Philippe, what kind of person can have a deep prayer life? Who is called to prayer and to union with God in prayer?

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virtue of faith

What is the most important inner disposition and the basis for all mental prayer?

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that god is present

What must we believe when we begin to pray alone?

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transforms us from within, sanctifies us, heals us, helps us know and love god

What are some of the fruits or the effects of the life of prayer?

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people do not see results as soon as they would like

Why are people often tempted to give up mental prayer?

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to be faithful

What does Philippe recommend that discouraged people do?

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to be faithful in our times of mental prayer

What is the first battle that we must fight after we decide to take our prayer life seriously?

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faithfulness in praying, not the quality of our prayer

What should be our first concern when praying?

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fidelity

What should we aim at when we pursue a life of prayer?

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the devil, because a person who is faithful to mental prayer has escaped from him

Who wants to keep us from being faithful to mental prayer? Why?

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mental prayer that is of poor quality but regular and faithful is worth more than prayer that is sublime but only now and then

What does Philippe say of prayer that is of poor quality but that is regular and faithful vs. prayer that is sublime but only infrequent?

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in the arena of faith

Where does prayer happen?

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that god is always paying attention to us

What does our faith tell us?

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consiltation, through the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and specific inspirations

What are the three ways that God usually speaks to us in our time of prayer?

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make prayer a priority, understand that there is not a single way to pray, and to give your prayer some structure

What are the three things you can do to improve your prayer life?

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having a structure for our prayer

What helps when we want to engage in Christian meditation?

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both are forms of mental prayer

What is the main thing in common between meditation and contemplation?

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searching for a deeper connection with god

What is Christian meditation?

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it is a conversation "of a loving son or daughter with the heavenly father"

What does McDermott mean when he says that "Christian prayer is essentially filial prayer" (75)?

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the raising of the heart and mind to god

What is the classic definition of prayer given by St. John Damascene?

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divine indwelling

the Trinity present in the soul of a just person.

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trust in god

What is hope?

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despair

What is the opposite of hope?

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faith and charity

What are the other two theological virtues?

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faith

Theological virtue by which one believes in the revelation of God

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charity

the theological virtue of love for God and neighbor

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charity

Which of the three theological virtues do we retain in heaven?

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we turn to prayer when we have hope that God will guide us

McDermott claims that "We do not turn to prayer unless we have hope" (75). Explain.

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vocal prayer, contemplation, and meditation

What are the three expressions of prayer that Christian tradition recognizes?

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Who is called to contemplation or infused prayer?

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we deepen our relationship with God

Explain what happens to our minds and hearts in vocal prayer, meditation, and contemplation.

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vocal prayer

a prayer that is spoken aloud or silently

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blessing and adoration, prayer of petition, intercession, thanksgiving, and praise

What are the five forms of vocal prayer that the Catechism identifies?

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our dependence on him

What do we acknowledge or admit when we ask God for something?

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communication with god is most entirely on our part

According to McDermott, what happens when we begin praying for the first time?

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once someone goes to purgatory there is a possibility that they may go to hell.

Fr. Schmitz mentioned three things that Catholics believe about purgatory. Which of the following did he NOT mention?

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a temporal consequence

According to Fr. Schmitz, in addition to having an eternal consequence, our sins also have

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assist in their purification entry into heaven

What effect, if any, do our prayers have on those in purgatory?

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sin against the first commandment, superstition, and idolatry

Judas and his soldiers pray for the slain men that they find. What sins had the slain men committed?

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obtain expiation or atonement for their sins

What were Judas and his soldiers hoping to do by praying for them and having sacrifices offered for them?

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Councils of Florence and Trent

Name two of the councils at which the Church formulated her doctrine on purgatory as mentioned in the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

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practice of prayer for the dead

According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, in addition to Scripture, on what is the Church's teaching about purgatory based?

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cleansing or purification

What does the word purgatory mean?

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surrender to Jesus, completely blessed and happy

Sanctification begins at the moment we _______ and ends when we are _______.

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seeing God's face

The souls in purgatory are assured of something. What is it?

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continues

Forgiven sin _______ to have effects on both the sinner and on those against whom he sinned

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kaddish

a Jewish prayer for the dead

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by praying

How can we help those in purgatory?

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communion in holy things (sancta) and communion among holy persons (sancti)

What are the two meanings of the communion of saints?

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church triumphant, church militant, church suffering

What are the three states of the Church?

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church triumphant

the saints in heaven

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church militant

those living who are pilgrims on earth engaged in spiritual warfare against sin

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church suffering

the souls in purgatory

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communion with the dead

"Our prayer for them (the dead) is capable not only of helping them, but also of making their intercession for us effective"

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communion of the faithful

"We believe in the communion of all the faithful of Christ, those who are pilgrims on earth, the dead who are being purified, and the blessed in heaven, all together forming one Church"

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the living, the dead, and those in heaven

What together forms the church?

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praying for the dead

What was a common practice among the early Christians?

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souls in purgatory would appear to him and request prayers

What was special about Padre Pio?

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she was once taken to purgatory and was permitted to see what it was like

What was special about St. Faustina?

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have masses celebrated for them, pray for them, or offer holy communion or our suffering for them

What can WE do for the holy souls in purgatory?

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st. catherine of bologna

Who said: "I received many and very great favors from the Saints but still greater favors from the Holy Souls."

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blessing

a prayer asking that God care for a particular person, place, or activity

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blessing, petition, novenas, intercession, thanksgiving, praise

What are the different forms of prayer?

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petition

a prayer form in which one asks God for help and forgiveness

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novenas

devotions that "span nine consecutive days or nine weeks"

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intercession

a prayer on behalf of another person or group; a prayer of petition

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thanksgiving

a prayer of gratitude for the gift of life and the gifts of life

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praise

a prayer of acknowledgment that God is God, giving him glory not for what he does, but simply because he is

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praise the lord

What does Alleluia mean?

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doxology

a word for the Christian prayers of praise that are usually directed to the Trinity

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a conversation with God

What is prayer?

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heart and mind

Prayer involves both the...

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is considered the center of our being and our seat of emotions

The Heart...

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heart

Prayer comes from the...

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mind

Prayer gradually shapes the...

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the way we think and our outlook on life

Prayer changes...

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latria

praise and worship due to God alone

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dulia

veneration or homage that is paid to the saints

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hyperdulia

special veneration reserved for the blessed mother

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petition

a prayer in which persons ask of God the blessings they and others need.

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intercession

a prayer on behalf of another person or group

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thanksgiving

a prayer of gratitude for the gift of life and its gifts

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praise

a prayer of acknowledgment that God is God, giving him glory not for what He does, but simply because He is.

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aspirations

short, simple prayers that arise from the heart and express our love for God, the Blessed Mother, and the saints

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aspirations

_______ are intended to be memorized and repeated throughout the day

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examples of aspirations

  1. The Lord is my Shepherd, there is nothing I shall want! 2) Oh Good Shepherd, grant that I may always hear Your voice!

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litany

a form of prayer consisting of a series of petitions to which people make reponses

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For different forms of prayer, review the document! Examples on there will be similar to the ones on the test.

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  1. My God, I love You. 4)Blessed be God!

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