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Amendments

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28 Terms
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Amendments

Changes made to the Georgia and/or the U.S. Constitutions.

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2
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Bill of Rights

List of rights and freedoms found in both the Georgia and United States Constitutions.

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GA State Constitution

Document that outlines the rights, rules, regulations, and procedures for Georgia's citizens and government.

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Nonpartisan

Election where candidates are not officially affiliated with a political party.

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Preamble

Ppening statements of the Georgia and the U.S. Constitutions; states the fundamental purposes of the documents.

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Articles

Comprise the bulk of the constitution and include paragraphs that outline the rights, rules, regulation, and procedures for both citizens and the state's government

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Checks & Balances

Political system that allows one branch of government to veto or amend the acts of another to prevent one branch from having too much power.

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Governor

Elected executive of the state; serves a four year term.

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Separation of Powers

Constitutional principle that limits the powers vested in one person or branch of government.

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Veto

The power held by the executive branch to reject a law; vetoes can be overturned.

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Juries

A body of people (typically twelve in number) sworn to give a verdict in a legal case on the basis of evidence submitted to them in court.

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Responsibilities of Citizens

Duties that all citizens have; some are mandatory, like paying taxes and serving on juries; others are voluntary, such as voting.

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Rights of Citizens

Government protected rights found in the U.S. Bill of Rights and the Georgia Bill of Rights.

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Volunteering

When someone offers a service out of their own free will without the benefit of payment.

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Felony

A crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor, and usually punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or by death.

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General Election

An election where the winning candidates of each party's primary, along with third party candidates and independents, run for political offices.

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Misdemeanor

A minor offense with a penalty of no more than one year in prison and/or a fine

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Polling Place

Location people are assigned to vote based on their residence.

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Precinct

A voting district.

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Primary Election

An election where members of the two major parties vote for candidates to represent them in the general elections; however, one does not have to be a member of a party to vote in a primary.

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Referendum

A direct vote by the people.

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Runoff Election

An election between candidates that did not receive 50% + 1 of the vote.

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Special Election

An election that is used to present a special issue to voters or fill an office vacancy.

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Voting

A way for the electorate to select candidates for political office.

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Voting Qualifications

Required criteria a person must have in order to vote; these include being 18 years of age and being a citizen of the United States.

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Wisdom

Applies to the Legislative branch and its making of state laws. MOTTO

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Justice

Applies to the just and fair decisions made by the Judicial branch. MOTTO

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Moderation

Applies to the use of moderation in administering laws by the Executive branch. MOTTO

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