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Anterior (ventral)

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63 Terms

1

Anterior (ventral)

front of the body (ventral)

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2

anteroposterior

passing from the front of the body (anterior) to the back (posterior)

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3

caudal

toward the tailbone

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4

cephalic

toward the head

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5

deep

away from the surface of the body

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6

distal

away from the point of origin

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7

dorsal (posterior)

back of the body

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8

external

outer part of the body

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9

inferior

body part located below another part; closer to the feet

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10

internal

deep within the body

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11

lateral

toward the sides of the body

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12

posterior

toward the back of the body

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13

posteroanterior

passing from the posterior (rear/back) of the pody to the anterior (front)

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14

prone

lying face down with the palms facing downward

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15

proxiaml

closer to the point of origin

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16

superficial

toward the surface of the body

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17

superior

body part located above another part; closer to the head

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18

supine

lying on the back with the palms facing upward

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19

ventral

front of the body; anterior

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20

erect

normal standing position

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21

fowler's

semi-sitting; head of bead elevated

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22

prone

lying face down

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23

supine

lying flat; face up

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24

lateral

lying on the side, left or right

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25

sim's

lying on the side; one knee is straight while the other is bent

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26

knee-chest

lying face down; knees bent resting on knees and chest

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27

frontal plane

a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back

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28

anterior (frontal plane)

front side, near head

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29

ventral (frontal plane)

front side near belly

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30

posterior (frontal plane)

back side, near rear

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31

dorsal (frontal plane)

back side, near spine

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32

midsagittal plane

a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right

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33

medial (sagittal plane)

near center or midline

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34

lateral (sagittal plane)

sides, far from center

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35

proximal (sagittal plane)

near point of origin

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36

distal (sagittal plane)

far from point of origin

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37

transverse plane

a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower

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38

superior (transverse plane)

close to head; top

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39

inferior (transverse plane)

close to feet; bottom

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40

cephalic (transverse plane)

related to the head

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41

caudal (transverse plane)

related to the tail

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42

body cavity

a space in the body that contains internal organs and/or other structures

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43

dorsal cavity

one of the two main cavities; protects organs and tissues on back side of the body. divided into 2 other cavities

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44

cranial cavity

located in the skull; protects brain

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45

spinal cavity

located in the spinal column; protects spinal cord

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46

ventral cavity

one of the two main cavities; protects organs and tissues on front side of the body. divided into three other cavities

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47

thoracic cavity

contains heart, lungs, esophagus, and chest blood vessels. Separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm

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48

Abdominal Cavity

Contains stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, and parts of the large intestine.

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49

Pelvic Cavity

Cavity in the pelvice

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50

Abdominopelvic cavity

Made up from the abdominal and pelvic cavities

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51

Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)

the right upper part of the body

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52

left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)

The upper left part of the body

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53

Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)

The lower right part of the body

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54

Left Lower quadrant (LLQ)

the lower left part of the body

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55

Right Hypochondriac

The upper right part of the abdomen.

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56

Epigastric

The region above the stomach.

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57

Left Hypochondriac

The upper left part of the abdomen. Beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs ("hypochondriac")

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58

Right Lumbar

Region of the back to the right side of the lumbar spine.

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59

Umbilical

The region surrounding the umbilical cord, or belly button.

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60

Left Lumbar

Region of the back to the left side of the lumbar spine.

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61

Right Iliac

The lower right part of the abdomen.

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62

Hypogastric (Pelvic)

Region below stomach

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63

Left Iliac

The lower left part of the abdomen

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