Florida Civic Literacy Test Questions

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What is the supreme law of the land

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What is the supreme law of the land

▪The constitution

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What does the constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ defines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

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The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

▪ We the people

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What is an amendment?

▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

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What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

▪ The Bill of Rights

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What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

▪ Speech
▪ Religion
▪ Assembly
▪ Petition the government

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How many amendments does the Constitution have?

▪ twenty-seven (27)

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What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

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What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

▪ life
▪ liberty
▪ pursuit of happiness

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What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

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What is the economic system in the United States?*

▪ capitalist economy
▪ market economy

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What is the "rule of law"?

▪ Everyone must follow the law
▪ Leaders must obey the law
▪ Government must obey the law
▪ No one is above the law

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Name one branch or part of the government.*

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

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What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

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Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

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Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

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What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)

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How many U.S. Senators are there?

▪ 100

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We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

▪ six (6)

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Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?*

▪ Marco Rubio

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The House of Representatives has how many voting members?


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We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

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Name yourU.S. Representative.

▪Donna Shalala

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Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

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Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪(because of) the states population
▪(because) they have more people
▪(because) some states have more people

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We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

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In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

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What is the name of the President of theUnited States now?*

▪ Donald J Trump

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What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Mike Pence

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If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ The Vice President

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If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ The speaker of the House

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Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

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Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

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Who vetoes bills?

▪The President

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What does the President's Cabinet do?

▪advises the President

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What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture
▪ Secretary of Commerce
▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services
▪ Secretary of Homeland Security
▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
▪ Secretary of the Interior
▪ Secretary of Labor
▪ Secretary of State
▪ Secretary of Transportation
▪ Secretary of the Treasury
▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs
▪ Attorney General
▪ Vice President

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What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

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What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

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How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

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Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

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Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

▪To print money
▪To declare war
▪To create an army
▪To make treaties

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Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪Providing schooling and education
▪Provide protection (police)
▪Provide safety (fire departments)
▪Give a driver's license
▪Approve zoning and land use

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Who is the Governor of your state now?

▪Ron DeSantis

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What is the capital of your state?*


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What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

▪Democratic and Republican

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What is the political party of the President now?

▪Republican Party

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What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

▪ Nancy Pelosi

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There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

▪Citizen 18 and older
▪ You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote
▪Any citizen can vote (women and men can vote)
▪A male citizen of any race (can vote)

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What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

▪Serve on a jury
▪ vote in a federal election

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Name one right only for United States citizens.

▪ vote in a federal election
▪ run for federal office

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What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

▪Freedom of expression
▪Freedom of speech
▪Freedom of assembly
▪Freedom to petition the government
▪Freedom of religion
▪ The right to bear arms

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What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

▪The United States
▪The flag

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What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

▪give up loyalty to other countries
▪defend the constitution and laws of the United States
▪Obey the laws of the United States
▪Serve in the U.S military( if needed)
▪Serve (do important work for) the nation
▪ be loyal to the United States

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How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

▪18 and older

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What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪join a political party
▪help with a campaign
▪join a community group
▪join a civic group
▪run for office
▪write to a newspaper

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When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

▪April 15

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When must all men register for the Selective Service?

▪at age 18
▪btw 18 and 26

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What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity
▪ practice their religion
▪ escape persecution

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Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians
▪ Native Americans

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What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪people from Africa

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Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn't have self-government

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Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

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When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

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There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Delaware
▪ Maryland
▪ Virginia
▪ North Carolina
▪ South Carolina
▪ Georgia

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What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

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When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

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The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ James Madison
▪ Alexander Hamilton
▪ John Jay
▪ Publius

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What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
▪ first Postmaster General of the United States
▪ writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
▪ started the first free libraries

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Who is the "Father of Our Country"?

▪George Washington

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Who was the first President?

▪ (George) Washington

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What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪The Louisiana Territory

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Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪Civil war
▪War of 1812
▪Mexican-American war
▪Spanish-American war

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Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

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Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states' rights

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What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

▪Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪saved (or preserved) the union
▪led the United States during Civil war

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What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

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What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women's rights
▪ fought for civil rights

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Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

▪World War 1
▪World War 2
▪Korean war
▪Vietnam war
▪(Persian) Gulf war

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Who was President during World War I?

▪ (Woodrow) Wilson

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Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

▪(Franklin) Roosevelt

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Who did the United States fight in World War II?

▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy

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Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

▪World War 2

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During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?


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What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

▪ civil rights (movement)

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What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

▪ fought for civil rights
▪ worked for equality for all Americans

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What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

▪Terrorists attacked the United States

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Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.


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Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

▪Missouri (river)
▪Mississippi (River)

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What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

▪Pacific (ocean)

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What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

▪Atlantic (ocean)

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Name one U.S. territory.

▪ Puerto Rico
▪ U.S. Virgin Islands
▪ American Samoa
▪ Northern Mariana Islands
▪ Guam

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Name one state that borders Canada.

▪ Maine
▪ New Hampshire
▪ Vermont
▪ New York
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Ohio
▪ Michigan
▪ Minnesota
▪ North Dakota
▪ Montana
▪ Idaho
▪ Washington
▪ Alaska

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Name one state that borders Mexico.

▪ California
▪ Arizona
▪ New Mexico
▪ Texas

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What is the capital of the United States?

▪ Washington, D.C.

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Where is the Statue of Liberty?

▪ New York (Harbor)
▪ Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

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Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

▪ because there were 13 original colonies
▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies

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Why does the flag have 50 stars?

▪ because there is one star for each state
▪ because each star represents a state
▪ because there are 50 states

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What is the name of the national anthem?

▪ The Star-Spangled Banner

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When do we celebrate Independence Day?

▪ July 4

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Name two national U.S. holidays.

▪ New Year's Day
▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
▪ Presidents' Day
▪ Memorial Day
▪ Independence Day
▪ Labor Day
▪ Columbus Day
▪ Veterans Day
▪ Thanksgiving
▪ Christmas

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