APUSH QUIZ #2 CH.3 CH.4

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Proprietary Colonies

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24 Terms

1

Proprietary Colonies

Colonies in which the proprietors (who had obtained their patents from the king) named the governors, subject to the king's approval.

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2

Restoration Colonies

Colonies created as a result from the land grants in North America given by King Charles II of England The two major restoration colonies were Pennsylvania and Carolina.

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3

Duke of York (James II)

took New Netherlands and named it New York; became English king, who was disliked for his support of Catholicism

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4

Quakers

English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preached a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania

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5

William Penn

A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.

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6

Gen. James Oglethorpe

British soldier, Member of Parliament, and philanthropist, as well as the founder of the colony of Georgia.

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7

Navigation Acts (1651-1673)

Laws passed by England that forced the colonists to 1. Buy goods ONLY from England 2. Sell goods that colonists made ONLY to England 3. Import Non-English goods using English ports and pay a duty (tax) on these goods to England 4. Prohibit the colonies from making certain goods that England already made.

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8

Dominion of New England

1686 - The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). The Dominion ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros.

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9

Sir Edmund Andros

Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England

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10

triangular trade

A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa

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11

Stono Rebellion (1739)

South Carolina slave revolt that prompted the colonies to pass stricter laws regulating the movement of slaves and the capture of runaways.

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12

Albany Plan

1754 *Delegates of seven colonies met in New York to discuss plans for collective defense *The Pennsylvanian delegate, Benjamin Franklin, proposed a plan for an intercolonial government, but the plan was rejected by the colonial legislatures as demanding too great a surrender of power*While the other colonies showed to support for Franklin's plan, it was an important precedent for the concept of uniting in the face of a common enemy

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13

French & Indian War

(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.

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14

Peace of Paris 1763

  • Ended French and Indian War - Britain gained all of French Canada & all territory south of Canada & east of the Mississippi River. - France & Spain lost their West Indian colonies.

  • Britain gained Spanish Florida. -Spain gained French territory west of the Mississippi, including control of the port city of New Orleans.

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15

Paxton Boys (1764)

Armed march on Philadelphia by Scotts-Irish frontiersmen in protest against the Quaker establishment's lenient policies toward Native Americans.

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16

Regulator Movement

It was a movement during the 1760's by western North Carolinians, mainly Scots-Irish, that resented the way that the Eastern part of the state dominated political affairs. They believed that the tax money was being unevenly distributed. Many of its members joined the American Revolutionists.

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17

Pontiac's Rebellion

Was an armed conflict between the British and the Natives after the 7 Years War due to the Westward expansion from the land gained from France.

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18

Great Awakening (1739-1744)

Puritanism had declined by the 1730s, and people were upset about the decline in religious piety. The Great Awakening was a sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies. One of the first events to unify the colonies.

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19

George Whitefield (1714-1770)

A true catalyst of the Great Awakening, he sought to reignite religious fervor in the American congregations. During his tour of the American Colonies in 1739, he gave spellbinding sermons and preached the notion of "new birth"—a sudden, emotional moment of conversion and salvation.

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20

Jonathan Edwards

Preacher during the First Great Awakening; "Sinners in the hands of angry god"

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21

New Lights

Ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive religious tradition pioneered by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening.

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22

Old Lights

Orthodox clergymen who rejected the emotionalism of the Great Awakening in favor of a more rational spirituality.

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23

The Baptist Insurgency

evangelical preachers came to Virginia in the 1760s and succeed where the Presbyterian revival failed. Offered poor farmers solace and hope, "born again" baptisms were central feature, and welcomed slaves to their revivals.

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24

The Presbyterian Revival

many converted in Virginia & other areas; diversity in religion challenged tax supported Anglican-Church

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