# AP Human Geography Unit 1 By Yours Truly

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Scale of Analysis

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## Description and Tags

AP Human Geography study using Mount Si High School curriculum

### 37 Terms

1

Scale of Analysis

A tool that represents the ratio between a distance on a map and the distance on the ground.

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2

Large Scale

The scale of analysis that is zoomed out. doesn’t show much detail.

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3

Small scale

the scale of analysis that is zoomed IN. shows specific detail of a small area

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4

map scale

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5

Reference maps

maps that REFER people to general information about that area (physical map, political map, road map)

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6

Thematic maps

maps that show a THEME or data on a map (Choropleth, dot distribution map, graduated symbol map, isoline map)

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7

Dot Distribution Map

A thematic map that shows data through dots that show a certain quantity of something

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8

Choropleth map

A thematic map that shows data through shades of a map. Usually its the darker the shade the more quantity of something

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9

a thematic map that shows data through a size of a dot. Usually the bigger the dot the higher the quantity

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10

Isoline map

A thematic map that uses lines to connect points of equal value. Usually The closer the lines are to each other = changing rapidly

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11

Cartogram

A thematic map that distorts the shape of a geographic place to show the amount of something in that area

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12

Absolute direction

Precise spot. North, South, East, West

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13

Absolute distance

Precise distance. cm, km, miles

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14

Relative direction

“West coast”, “Deep south”, “Middle East”

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15

Relative distance

distance measured by time

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16

Clustering patterns

Patterns shows thing are close to each other, data is clumped together

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17

Dispersal patterns

Patterns show things are spread out from each other

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18

Linear patterns

Spatial patterns in a line

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19

Mercator Projection

a map that preserves that map shape but distorts the north and south of the map. Usually making the poles bigger than they are

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20

Gall-Peters Projection

a map that preserves that map shape but stretches out the area of the equator. Usually making the poles smaller than they are and making land near the equator bigger

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21

Goode Homolosine Projection

A map that preserves the size of the land but takes out the oceans to preserve the lands. Usually used for thematic maps and is shaped as an 2 N’s together

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22

Robinson projection

A map that mostly preserves the size and shape of the land but changes the maps polar areas.

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23

Quantitative Data

data that is measured in numbers and statistics

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24

Qualitative data

data measured not by numbers but by words, descriptions, interviews, opininos

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25

GPS - Global Positioning System

receivers on earth’s surface use the locations of multiple satellites to determine and record a receivers exact location

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26

GIS - Global Information System

Computer system that can store, analyze, and display information from multiple digital maps or geospatial sets

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27

Remote Sensing

The use of cameras or other sensors on plans/satellites to collect images of earth

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28

Sites

the things that make locations unique are ____

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29

situation

Locations around a main location that make the main location what it is

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30

Distance decay

The idea of the farther between things the harder they connect, interact, and or communicate with each other

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31

Time-space compression

new advancements in technology bringing places far away closer together

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32

Environmental determinism

the landform and climate surrounding an area is what determines the humans survivability, behavior, and constructing a working society

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33

Possibilism

Human culture shapes the humans survivability, behavior, and constructing a working society more than natural environment

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34

regions

areas with the same characteristics or activities as each other (North America, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa)

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35

Formal (uniform) regions

regions that have set agreed upon borders and similarities. most of the time to created by the governments to organize territory

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36

Functional (Nodal) regions

region created by having a central point and surrounding locations that interact with that main spot

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37

Vernacular (Perceptual) regions

regions created by people opinions and cultural identity

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